Mozambique travel advice

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Risk level

Mozambique - Exercise a high degree of caution

Exercise a high degree of caution in Mozambique due to crime, kidnapping and terrorism.

Some districts of Cabo Delgado province - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to the following districts of Cabo Delgado province due to ongoing insurgency by militants:

  • Ancuabe
  • Chiúre
  • Ibo
  • Macomia
  • Meluco
  • Metuge
  • Mocímboa da Praia
  • Montepuez
  • Mueda
  • Muidumbe
  • Nangade
  • Palma
  • Quissanga

 

Rest of Cabo Delgado Province - Avoid non-essential travel

Avoid non-essential travel to the rest of Cabo Delgado province due to the risk that the insurgency expands to these areas. This includes Pemba City, which could be considered a target by militants.

 

Parts of Nampula Province - Avoid non-essential travel

Avoid non-essential travel to the following districts of Nampula Province due to an increase in insurgency by militants:

  • Erati
  • Memba

 

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Safety and security

Cabo Delgado province

Militants continue to be active in several northern districts of Cabo Delgado. Violent clashes between militants and security forces occur frequently. Staged attacks against populated areas have targeted both security forces and civilians. Militants have burned villages, raided police stations, and conducted roadside ambushes and attacks with machetes and firearms against residents. This has resulted in hundreds of casualties and more than one million displaced persons.

There is a continued threat of kidnapping and criminal activity, such as contraband smuggling and illegal mining, in the entire province.

The Government of Canada’s ability to provide consular assistance to Canadians in Cabo Delgado Province is extremely limited.

Expect a heightened security presence in Cabo Delgado, especially in the northern and central districts.

Nampula Province – Erati and Memba districts

Militants have committed attacks in the Erati and Memba districts in the Nampula province.

While there have been no reports of recent clashes, the situation remains unpredictable.

Sofala Province 

The security situation has improved significantly since the peace agreement signed between local political parties in August 2019 and the closure of the last military base in Gorongosa in 2023.

The district elections scheduled for 2024 could still lead to civil unrest.

Border with South Africa

Increased traffic along the highway leading to and from the land border with South Africa has led to:

  • frequent traffic congestion
  • border crossing delays
  • an increase in road accidents, robberies, theft and assaults targeting truck drivers and travellers.

If you cross at this land border:

  • expect long line-ups and delays
  • plan your trip accordingly
  • keep your windows and doors locked at all times

Crime

Petty crime

Petty crime, such as pickpocketing, muggings and purse snatching, occurs regularly in Mozambique, especially in Maputo. Travellers have been targeted at all hours of the day. Criminals will especially target individuals walking alone at night with bags, purses or visible items of value such as cell phones.

Theft of vehicle parts is frequent, especially around the holiday season, and occurs in these locations:

  • shopping centers
  • hotels
  • transportation hubs

During your trip:

  • ensure that your personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times
  • avoid showing signs of affluence or wearing expensive jewellery
  • avoid leaving valuables in cars
  • park your car in a secure area
  • avoid walking alone in isolated areas, especially at night, even in well-known tourist areas
  • stay in reputable hotels with good security measures

Violent crime

Violent crime, such as armed robbery and home burglary, occurs in and around large cities such as:

  • Maputo/Matola
  • Beira
  • Nampula
  • Nacala

During your trip:

  • avoid travelling alone, especially at night
  • keep your doors and windows locked at all times
  • if threatened by robbers, don’t resist

Tourists are usually not targeted, however you could be at the wrong place at the wrong time.

Terrorism

There is a threat of terrorism, particularly in certain parts of the Cabo Delgado and Nampula provinces where insurgent militants continue to operate and commit attacks. Militants are especially active in the central and northern districts of Mocimboa de Praia, Macomia, Muidumbe and Palma.

Further attacks are likely.

Targets could include:

  • vehicle convoys travelling between towns
  • pedestrians and civilian residences in rural villages
  • government buildings, including schools
  • places of worship
  • airports and other transportation hubs and networks
  • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places.

Kidnapping

Kidnapping for ransom occurs in larger cities such as Maputo City, Matola and Beira.

While most victims are locals perceived as wealthy, foreigners have been targeted. Kidnappers frequently operate during the day.

Kidnappings also occur regularly in Cabo Delgado province. Foreign nationals and workers have been targeted. Further incidents are likely.

  • Be aware of your surroundings at all times
  • Change your travel patterns regularly
  • Avoid showing signs of affluence
  • If threatened by kidnappers, do not resist

Fraud

Credit card and ATM fraud occurs including incidents of card cloning. When using your debit or credit cards: 

  • pay careful attention when your cards are being handled by others when making payments
  • use ATMs located in well-lit public areas or inside a bank or business
  • avoid using card readers with an irregular or unusual feature
  • cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN
  • check for any unauthorized transactions on your account statements

Overseas fraud

Cybersecurity

Cybercrime, malware attacks and online extortion may occur in Mozambique.

Cybercriminals can compromise public Wi-Fi networks to steal personal data or credit information.

They can also monitor social media and listen to your phone conversations.

  • Avoid shopping on unencrypted websites
  • Be cautious when posting information on social media
  • Be especially cautious if you decide to meet someone you met online
  • Be wary of unsolicited emails offering attractive business opportunities
  • Don't click on suspicious links that ask for your banking information in an e-mail or text message

Demonstrations

Demonstrations occasionally occur, however a demonstration permit is required. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. In some instances, security forces have used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse crowds. Demonstrations can also lead to significant disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

  • Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities
  • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

Mass gatherings (large-scale events)

Women’s safety

Women travelling alone may be subject to some forms of harassment and verbal abuse.

Advice for women travellers

Road safety

Road safety varies considerably across the country. Fatal accidents are common, and they often involve pedestrians. Fuel stations are rare in rural areas and police assistance can be unreliable.

Road conditions

Road conditions can vary greatly throughout the country. The streets are paved in Maputo and major cities but are usually crowded and narrow. Highways in the south and west of the country are generally well maintained but can be affected by seasonal weather conditions.

Driving conditions may be hazardous during the rainy season from December to April, and sometimes near-zero visibility poses a threat. You may need a four-wheel-drive vehicle to travel outside cities and off major highways.

Driving outside major cities can also be dangerous due to:

  • lack of guardrails
  • inadequate or non-existing street lighting
  • lack of signage
  • pedestrians walking on main roads
  • stray livestock

Driving habits

Drivers often don’t respect traffic laws. They often drive at excessive speeds and have little consideration for pedestrians and other drivers’ right of way. Drinking and driving may occur at any time of the day or night.

After a car accident, a large crowd may gather at the scene of the incident and become hostile. If this happens, get away from the scene and go to the nearest police station.

On the road in Mozambique:

  • keep doors locked and windows closed at all times
  • don’t expect drivers to look out for pedestrians
  • avoid travelling after dark, especially outside of major urban areas
  • carry a cellphone and a charger with you
  • maintain a full tank of gas 
  • keep a supply of water and non-perishable snacks

Checkpoints

Police checkpoints are common throughout the country. Only national police officers have the authority to establish checkpoints.

Traffic law enforcement consists of stationary traffic police officers on foot. They randomly stop vehicles for inspections or identification. Failure to produce identification documents can result in a large fine.

  • Be prepared to present copies of your identification documents
  • Don’t challenge the authority of requesting officials

Extortion

There are reports of widespread corruption among the police ranks. Police officers sometimes try to extort drivers and pedestrians by threatening detention or confiscating identity documents. If you don’t carry proper documentation, the police may attempt to bribe you. They may also ask for items or tips.

If police threaten you with a fine:

  • remain calm and courteous but firm
  • show original documents but keep them in your possession
  • try to cooperate by following the instructions of the police to avoid escalation
  • ask for a clear explanation of the offence and a written fine that can be paid at a police station
  • don’t pay a bribe or tips to anyone

Shortages

Fuel shortages occur occasionally.

  • Never let your tank go lower than half-full
  • Keep fuel supplies on hand
  • Carefully plan all road travel

Public transportation

Public transportation is limited.

Buses

Privately owned minibuses, known as chapas, are often overcrowded and poorly maintained. They are frequently involved in fatal accidents.

Private intercity buses are available, especially to South African destinations. They are often better maintained and only operate on roads in good conditions.

Taxis

Taxis are widely available.

If you use a taxi in Mozambique:

  • avoid hailing it on the street
  • only use registered taxis from reputable providers, preferably arranged through your hotel
  • avoid yellow and green taxis, in which there are reports of thefts
  • ensure that there is no other passenger in the car

Train

Domestic rail service is overcrowded and slow.

Piracy

Pirate attacks and armed robbery against ships occur in coastal waters of the Indian Ocean. Mariners should take appropriate precautions.

Live piracy report - International Maritime Bureau

Air travel

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

Information about foreign domestic airlines

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Entry and exit requirements

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from Mozambican authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada.

Passport

Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

Regular Canadian passport

Your passport must be valid at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Mozambique.

Passport for official travel

Different entry rules may apply.

Official travel

Passport with “X” gender identifier

While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

Other travel documents

Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

Useful links

Visas

Tourist visa: not required for stays up to 90 days per year
Business visa: not required for stays up to 90 days per year
Work visa: required
Student visa: required
Residency visa  required

You can apply for a visa at the nearest embassy or consulate of Mozambique.

Visa information- Embassy of the Republic of Mozambique in the United States

Tourist and business visa exemption

Canadian tourists or business travelers may be exempt from applying for a visa under certain conditions. This exemption applies to stays up to 90 consecutive or interrupted days per year.

Upon arrival, you must provide:

  • a return or onward ticket
  • a passport valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Mozambique
  • fees payment
  • proof of a hotel reservation

You are not eligible for the visa exemption if you reside in private accommodations with a local citizen or resident.

Visa pre-authorizations

If you’re not eligible for the visa exemption, you can apply for an e-visa pre-authorization for certain types of visas through the Government of Mozambique’s e-visa portal.

Visa pre-authorizations are only available for the following types of visas:

  • crew member travel
  • humanitarian assistance efforts
  • sports and cultural activity participation
  • border and investment.

Visa pre-authorizations are not guaranteed visas. Upon arrival to Mozambique, you must submit all required documents to immigration authorities for a final decision.

You can pay the fees on arrival with a credit card or local currency.

E-visa portal– Government of Mozambique

Other entry requirements

Customs officials may ask you to show them a return or onward ticket and proof of accommodation.

Make sure customs officials properly inspect and stamp your passport and visa upon entry to avoid possible fines when leaving the country. If you overstay your authorized visa period, you may be fined for each day you illegally reside in Mozambique. 

Children and travel

If you are transiting by road through South Africa with children under the age of 18, you may be subject to special entry requirements.

Useful links

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

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Health

Relevant Travel Health Notices

This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.

Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.

Routine vaccines

Be sure that your routine vaccinations, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.

Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Pre-travel vaccines and medications

You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary. 

Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

Risk

  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

  • Proof of vaccination is required if you are coming from or have transited through an airport of a country where yellow fever occurs.

Recommendation

  • Vaccination is not recommended.
  • Discuss travel plans, activities, and destinations with a health care professional.
  • Contact a designated Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre well in advance of your trip to arrange for vaccination.

About Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

Hepatitis A

There is a risk of hepatitis A in this destination. It is a disease of the liver. People can get hepatitis A if they ingest contaminated food or water, eat foods prepared by an infectious person, or if they have close physical contact (such as oral-anal sex) with an infectious person, although casual contact among people does not spread the virus.

 

Practise safe food and water precautions and wash your hands often. Vaccination is recommended for all travellers to areas where hepatitis A is present.

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.

Hepatitis B

 Hepatitis B is a risk in every destination. It is a viral liver disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another through exposure to blood and body fluids containing the hepatitis B virus.  Travellers who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) are at higher risk of getting hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all travellers. Prevent hepatitis B infection by practicing safe sex, only using new and sterile drug equipment, and only getting tattoos and piercings in settings that follow public health regulations and standards.

COVID-19

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.

Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.

Influenza

 The best way to protect yourself from seasonal influenza (flu) is to get vaccinated every year. Get the flu shot at least 2 weeks before travelling.  

 The flu occurs worldwide. 

  •  In the Northern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs from November to   April.
  •  In the Southern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs between April and   October.
  •  In the tropics, there is flu activity year round. 

The flu vaccine available in one hemisphere may only offer partial protection against the flu in the other hemisphere.

The flu virus spreads from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Clean your hands often and wear a mask if you have a fever or respiratory symptoms.

Malaria

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease that is caused by parasites spread through the bites of mosquitoes.

Malaria is a risk to travellers to this destination.
 
Antimalarial medication is recommended for most travellers to this destination and should be taken as recommended. Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic before travelling to discuss your options. It is recommended to do this 6 weeks before travel, however, it is still a good idea any time before leaving. 
 
Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times: 

  • Cover your skin and use an approved insect repellent on uncovered skin.
  • Exclude mosquitoes from your living area with screening and/or closed, well-sealed doors and windows.
  • Use insecticide-treated bed nets if mosquitoes cannot be excluded from your living area.
  • Wear permethrin-treated clothing. 

 If you develop symptoms similar to malaria when you are travelling or up to a year after you return home, see a health care professional immediately. Tell them where you have been travelling or living. 

Rabies

In this destination, rabies is commonly carried by dogs and some wildlife, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal. While travelling, take precautions, including keeping your distance from animals (including free-roaming dogs), and closely supervising children.

If you are bitten or scratched by a dog or other animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional. In this destination, rabies treatment may be limited or may not be available, therefore you may need to return to Canada for treatment. 

Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who are at high risk of exposure (e.g., occupational risk such as veterinarians and wildlife workers, children, adventure travellers and spelunkers, and others in close contact with animals). 

Polio – WHO Temporary Recommendations

Polio (poliomyelitis) is an infectious disease that can be prevented by vaccination. It is caused by poliovirus type 1, 2 or 3. Wild poliovirus (WPV1) and/or circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV1 or cVDPV3)) is/are present in this destination.

This destination is subject to Temporary Recommendations under the World Health Organization’s polio Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).  

Polio is spread from person to person and through contaminated food and water. Infection with the polio virus can cause paralysis and death in individuals of any age who are not immune.

Recommendations:

  • Be sure that your polio vaccinations are up to date before travelling. Polio is part of the routine vaccine schedule for children in Canada.
  • One booster dose of the polio vaccine is recommended as an adult.
  • Make sure that the polio vaccinations are documented on the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis. This is the only document accepted as proof of vaccination. It is provided at Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres.
  • Carry the certificate as proof of vaccination.

Proof of vaccination:

  • Travellers who are visiting for longer than 4 weeks may be required to receive a dose of polio vaccine 1 to 12 months before they leave this destination. This may be required even if you have previously received all the recommended polio vaccine doses as part of the routine vaccine schedule in Canada.
  • Make sure that the polio vaccination is documented on the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis.

Safe food and water precautions

Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.

  • Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
  • Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
  • Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs. 

Cholera

Risk

Cholera is a risk in parts of this country. Most travellers are at very low risk.

To protect against cholera, all travellers should practise safe food and water precautions.

Travellers at higher risk of getting cholera include those:

  • visiting, working or living in areas with limited access to safe food, water and proper sanitation
  • visiting areas where outbreaks are occurring

Vaccination may be recommended for high-risk travellers, and should be discussed with a health care professional.

Travellers' diarrhea

Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.

The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.

Typhoid

Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.

Travellers visiting regions with a risk of typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation, should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.  

Schistosomiasis

There is a risk of schistosomiasis in this destination. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by tiny worms (blood flukes) which can be found in freshwater (lakes, rivers, ponds, and wetlands). The worms can break the skin, and their eggs can cause stomach pain, diarrhea, flu-like symptoms, or urinary problems. Schistosomiasis mostly affects underdeveloped and rural communities, particularly agricultural and fishing communities.

Most travellers are at low risk. Travellers should avoid contact with untreated freshwater such as lakes, rivers, and ponds (e.g., swimming, bathing, wading, ingesting). There is no vaccine or medication available to prevent infection.

Insect bite prevention

Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:

  • Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
  • Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
  • Minimize exposure to insects
  • Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed

To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.

Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.

Chikungunya

There is a risk of chikungunya in this country.  The risk may vary between regions of a country.  Chikungunya is a virus spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. Chikungunya can cause a viral disease that typically causes fever and pain in the joints. In some cases, the joint pain can be severe and last for months or years.

Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times. There is no vaccine available for chikungunya.

Dengue
  • In this country, risk of dengue is sporadic. It is a viral disease spread to humans by mosquito bites.
  • Dengue can cause flu-like symptoms. In some cases, it can lead to severe dengue, which can be fatal.
  • The level of risk of dengue changes seasonally, and varies from year to year. The level of risk also varies between regions in a country and can depend on the elevation in the region.
  • Mosquitoes carrying dengue typically bite during the daytime, particularly around sunrise and sunset.
  • Protect yourself from mosquito bites. There is no vaccine or medication that protects against dengue fever.
Lymphatic filariasis

Lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, is caused by filariae (tiny worms) spread to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. It can cause a range of illnesses. Risk is generally low for most travellers. Protect yourself from mosquito bites. There is no vaccine available for lymphatic filariasis although drug treatments exist.

Rift Valley fever

Rift Valley fever is a viral disease that can cause severe flu-like symptoms. In some cases, it can be fatal. It is spread to humans through contact with infected animal blood or tissues, from the bite of an infected mosquito, or eating or drinking unpasteurized dairy. Risk is generally low for most travellers. Protect yourself from insect bites and avoid animals, particularly livestock, and unpasteurized dairy. There is no vaccine available for Rift Valley fever.

Animal precautions

Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.

Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.

Person-to-person infections

Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette, which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:

  •  washing your hands often
  • avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
  • avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness 

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV, and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.  

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.

For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.

Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.

High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.

HIV

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks and impairs the immune system, resulting in a chronic, progressive illness known as AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). 

High risk activities include anything which puts you in contact with blood or body fluids, such as unprotected sex and exposure to unsterilized needles for medications or other substances (for example, steroids and drugs), tattooing, body-piercing or acupuncture.

Medical services and facilities

Health care is limited throughout the country.

Basic medical facilities are available.  Most physicians and medical providers don’t speak English or French. They expect immediate cash payment.

You may require medical evacuation to South Africa in case of serious illness or injury.

Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

Travel health and safety

Medication 

Some prescription medications may not be available in Mozambique.

If you take prescription medications, you’re responsible for determining their legality in the country.

  • Bring sufficient quantities of your medication with you
  • Always keep your medication in the original container
  • Pack them in your carry-on luggage
  • Carry a copy of your prescriptions

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

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Laws and culture

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.

Drugs

Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and heavy fines.

Drugs, alcohol and travel

Photography

Photography of sensitive installations is prohibited. This includes:

  • military sites
  • government buildings
  • bridges, harbours and airports

Seek permission before taking photos of official buildings and individuals. 

Identification

Local authorities may request to see your ID at any time.

  • Carry valid identification or a photocopy of it at all times
  • Keep a photocopy of your passport in a safe place in case it’s lost or seized
  • Keep a digital copy of your ID and travel documents

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Mozambique.

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Mozambique, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.

Travellers with dual citizenship

International Child Abduction

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. It does not apply between Canada and Mozambique.

If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Mozambique by an abducting parent:

  • act as quickly as you can
  • consult a lawyer in Canada and in Mozambique to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
  • report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children’s Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre.

If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.

Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country’s judicial affairs.

Useful links

Driving

Traffic drives on the left.

You must have third-party insurance, which you can obtain at any port of entry.

All cars must be equipped with:

  • two reflective triangles
  • a reflective vest that you must wear when repairing, loading or unloading a vehicle

You must carry an international driving permit.

International Driving Permit

Dress and behaviour

To avoid offending local sensitivities:

  • dress conservatively
  • behave discreetly
  • respect religious and social traditions

Money

The currency in Mozambique is the metical (MZN). The import or export of local currency is limited to a small amount of MZN.

When entering Mozambique, you must declare the amounts exceeding 10,000.00 USD or 10000 meticals in your possession. This includes:

  • bank notes
  • cheques
  • traveller’s cheques

The U.S. dollar and South African rand are the easiest currencies to exchange in banks or exchange bureaus. Only use authorized currency exchange bureaus.

Credit cards are widely accepted in larger cities. However, most businesses outside major cities only accept payment in meticals, U.S. dollars or South African rand.

Hotels often only accept foreign currency.

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Natural disasters and climate

Rainy season

The rainy season extends from November to April. Seasonal flooding can hamper overland travel and reduce the provision of essential services. Roads may become impassable and bridges, damaged.

  • Monitor local news and weather reports
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities, including evacuation orders

Mozambique National Meteorology Institute (INAM) – Government of Mozambique (in Portuguese)  

Cyclones

Cyclones occur mainly along the coast from November to April. If you decide to travel to Mozambique during this time:

  • know that you expose yourself to serious safety risks
  • be prepared to change your travel plans on short notice, including cutting short or cancelling your trip
  • stay informed of the latest regional weather forecasts
  • carry emergency contact information for your airline or tour operator

Useful links

Heat waves and droughts

Humidity and heat may be most severe during the hot season, from November to April. Mozambique is also subject to periods of drought.

Know the symptoms of dehydration and heatstroke, which can both be fatal.

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Need help?

Local services

Emergency services

In case of emergency, dial:

  • police: 112
  • ambulance (local service provider Aeromed):
    • 845555911
    • 84911
    • 82911
  • firefighters: + 258 82 476 8990

You should also carry contact information for local police and medical facilities.

Consular assistance

Maputo - High Commission of Canada
Street AddressAvenida Kenneth Kaunda 1138, Maputo, MozambiquePostal AddressP.O. Box 1578, Maputo, MozambiqueTelephone258 (21) 244-200Fax258 (21) 244-253Emailconsul.mputo@international.gc.caInternethttps://www.Canada.ca/Canada-And-MozambiqueFacebookCanada in Mozambique, Angola and EswatiniTwitterCanada in Mozambique, Angola, and EswatiniConsular district

Eswatini, Angola

For emergency consular assistance, call the High Commission of Canada in Mozambique, in Maputo, and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.

Disclaimer

The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

Learn more about consular services.

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