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Latest updates: The Laws and culture tab was updated - Ramadan 2018.
Brunei Darussalam - Exercise normal security precautions
There is no nationwide advisory in effect for Brunei Darussalam. Exercise normal security precautions.
Safety and security
Safety and security
Petty crime, such as break-ins and theft, occurs. Violent crime is rare. Ensure that your personal belongings and passports and other travel documents are secure at all times.
Speeding and distracted driving are common infractions. In case of an accident, remain at the scene and do not move the vehicles until police arrive.
Self-drive (rental) or chauffeur-driven cars are available for rent from major hotels and the airport. Arrangements should be made prior to arrival.
Buses run infrequently and are not available at night.
Metered taxis are available at most hotels and shopping centres, as well as at the airport. Hotels can arrange for a taxi or provide taxi drivers' cell-phone numbers. Some drivers will negotiate a fare.
Water taxis are the most common form of transport in Kampong Ayer. Fares are negotiable.
The Government of Canada does not assess foreign domestic airlines’ compliance with international aviation safety standards. See Foreign domestic airlines for more information.
Visitors to rainforests should always be accompanied by an experienced guide.
It is the sole prerogative of every country or territory to determine who is allowed to enter or exit. Canadian consular officials cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet entry or exit requirements. The following information has been obtained from the authorities of Brunei and is subject to change at any time. The country- or territory-specific entry/exit requirements are provided on this page for information purposes only. While every effort is made to provide accurate information, information contained here is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The Government of Canada assumes no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided. It is your responsibility to check with the High Commission of Brunei Darussalam for up-to-date information.
Official (special and diplomatic) passport holders must consult the Official Travel page, as they may be subject to different entry requirements.
Canadians must present a passport to visit Brunei Darussalam, which must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date of expected departure from that country. Prior to travelling, ask your transportation company about its requirements related to passport validity, which may be more stringent than the country's entry rules.
Temporary passport holders may be subject to different entry requirements. Check with diplomatic representatives for up-to-date information.
Tourist Visa: required for stays of more than 14 days
Business Visa: required for stays of more than 14 days
Student Visa: required
If you need a visa, you must have at least six blank visa pages in your passport.
Children and travel
Children need special documentation to visit certain countries. See Children for more information.
See Health to obtain information on this country’s vaccination requirements.
- Measles: Global Update - May 2, 2017 00:00 EDT
Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Japanese encephalitis is a viral infection that can cause swelling of the brain. It is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Risk is low for most travellers. Vaccination should be considered for those who may be exposed to mosquito bites (e.g., spending a large amount of time outdoors) while travelling in regions with risk of Japanese encephalitis.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world. Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (i.e., close contact with animals, occupational risk, and children).
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is required if you are coming from or have transited through an airport of a country where yellow fever occurs.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
- Discuss travel plans, activities, and destinations with a health care provider.
- There is currently a shortage of the yellow fever vaccine in Canada. It is important for travellers to contact a designated Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre well in advance of their trip to ensure that the vaccine is available.
About Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Southeast Asia, food and water can also carry diseases like cholera, hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Southeast Asia. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher for children, travellers going to rural areas, visiting friends and relatives or travelling for a long period of time. Travellers visiting regions with typhoid risk, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care provider about vaccination.
Insects and Illness
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
- Dengue fever occurs in this country. Dengue fever is a viral disease that can cause severe flu-like symptoms. In some cases it leads to dengue haemorrhagic fever, which can be fatal.
- The risk of dengue is higher during the daytime, particularly at sunrise and sunset.
- Protect yourself from mosquito bites. There is no vaccine or medication that protects against dengue fever.
Zika virus infection
Zika virus infection is a risk in this country. The mosquito that spreads the virus is found here.
All travellers should protect themselves from mosquito bites and other diseases spread by insects.
- There is a limited risk of malaria in this country.
- Malaria is a serious and occasionally fatal disease that is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no vaccine against malaria.
- Protect yourself from mosquito bites. This includes covering up, using insect repellent and staying in enclosed air-conditioned accommodations. You may also consider pre-treating clothing and travel gear with insecticides and sleeping under an insecticide-treated bednet.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Some infections found in some areas in Southeastern Asia, like avian influenza and rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.
For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.
Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care provider.
High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.
Medical services and facilities
Medical facilities are good, but medical evacuation to Singapore may be necessary for serious medical problems.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
Laws & culture
You are subject to local laws. See Arrest and detention for more information.
The gradual implementation of the sharia penal code began on May 1, 2014. Be aware that specific applications of sharia may differ by country and by region. Inform yourself of the relevant provisions specifically related to Brunei, regardless of your religion, as the penal code is applicable to Muslims and non-Muslims.
Immigration regulations are strict. Foreign workers who overstay their visas face harsh penalties, including jail sentences and caning. If you are working in Brunei, closely monitor your immigration status and visa expiration dates.
Death is the mandatory penalty for many narcotics offences, including “trafficking” of controlled drugs—even in very small amounts.
State sanctions against violent crimes are very severe.
Alcohol cannot be purchased in Brunei. Non-Muslim travellers over 17 years of age can bring in up to two bottles of wine or liquor (about 2.28 litres) and 12 cans of beer for personal consumption. All alcohol must be declared at customs upon arrival; failure to do so is a punishable offence. Liquor importation is limited to one declaration every 48 hours.
Smoking in specific public places, such as government buildings, hospitals and health clinics, and recreational and educational centres is prohibited. Offenders are subject to a strict fine. Verify with the appropriate establishment owner before smoking in public.
Possession of firearms, weapons and related accessories is illegal in Brunei, punishable by heavy fines or prison sentences.
Possession of pornographic material and solicitation of prostitution are illegal.
Photography of government and military establishments or equipment is prohibited.
Gambling is illegal.
You will not be allowed entry into Brunei if you have HIV/AIDS.
The laws of Brunei Darussalam prohibit sexual acts between individuals of the same sex. LGBTQ2 travellers should carefully consider the risks of travelling to Brunei Darussalam.
See Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and two-spirit Canadians abroad for more information.
Traffic drives on the left.
An International Driving Permit is recommended.
Unregistered vehicles and vessels in Brunei are only permitted to purchase fuel at designated petrol stations. Foreigners are charged the commercial rate, which is higher than the subsidized rate offered to locals.
Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Brunei Darussalam. If local authorities consider you a Brunei citizen, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services, thereby preventing Canadian consular officials from providing you with those services. You should always travel using your valid Canadian passport and present yourself as Canadian to foreign authorities at all times to minimize this risk. You may also need to carry and present a Brunei passport for legal reasons, for example to enter and exit the country (see Entry/exit requirements to determine passport requirements). Citizenship is determined solely by national laws, and the decision to recognize dual citizenship rests completely with the country in which you are located when seeking consular assistance. See Travelling as a dual citizen for more information.
During the lunar month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim calendar), refrain from drinking, eating, and smoking in public between sunrise and sunset. In 2018, Ramadan is expected to begin on or around May 15.
Dress conservatively, behave discreetly and respect religious and social traditions to avoid offending local sensitivity.
Any public criticism of His Majesty the Sultan or other members of the Bruneian royal family is strongly discouraged.
The currency is the Brunei dollar (BND). Credit cards and traveller’s cheques are accepted at most hotels, department stores and major establishments; U.S. dollar traveller’s cheques are recommended. Automated banking machines are available and most have Cirrus facilities.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters & climate
Brunei is located in an active seismic zone.
The rainy (or monsoon) seasons extend from September to January and from May to July. Severe rainstorms can cause flooding and landslides, as well as hamper the provision of essential services.
Unrestricted burning in neighbouring Indonesia periodically causes atmospheric pollution to rise to unhealthy levels. Levels change quickly and should be closely monitored by consulting local news and weather reports.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 993
- medical assistance: 991
- firefighters: 995
Bandar Seri Begawan - High Commission of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the High Commission of Canada in Bandar Seri Begawan and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad. In the event of a large-scale emergency, every effort will be made to provide assistance. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
See Large-scale emergencies abroad for more information.
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