You should understand the requirements and impacts of travelling or living outside Canada while holding citizenship of another country or countries even when your Canadian citizenship is recognized.
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Canadians with dual citizenship
Canada allows you to have multiple citizenships while keeping your Canadian citizenship. However, not all countries do allow this. Some countries may even consider it illegal for you to have another citizenship.
Examples of ways you might have another citizenship(s):
- you were born in another country
- you have a parent(s) who was born in, or is a citizen of, another country
- you officially apply for citizenship of another country
Note: You may not even be aware that you have citizenship in another country. For example, even if you’re born in Canada, if you have at least 1 parent who is a citizen of another country, that country may see you as a citizen as well and may not recognize your Canadian citizenship.
Having dual citizenship can also impact other aspects of your personal situation. For instance:
Before you go
Before leaving Canada to travel to another country where you also hold citizenship:
- make sure to understand and meet the requirements of dual citizenship for that country
- contact that country’s embassy or consulate in Canadafor information on the laws and regulations relating to dual citizenship
- consult Travel Advice and Advisories for country-specific information, including about dual citizenship
It’s important that you find out if you have other citizenships if you’re planning to travel outside of Canada. You may be required to follow certain regulations or face restrictions if you hold citizenship there.
While you’re away
If you hold citizenship in another country, different entry and exit rules may apply to you, even if your Canadian citizenship is recognized there. These requirements may not necessarily apply to other Canadian travellers without dual citizenship.
Some examples of laws and regulations you may encounter when travelling to or living in a country where you hold citizenship:
- You may need a passport issued by the country to enter, and in some cases exit, that country.
- You may need an exit visa on your passport to leave the country.
- You may need to register your Canadian citizenship upon entry or while you’re there.
- An exit ban could prevent you from leaving the country.
- This ban could be due to investigations into you, your family or your employer. It could also be in relation to criminal and civil matters, including business disputes.
- some countries have laws requiring parental permission to exit, depending on your age, gender or marital status.
- Your nationality may have an impact on whether these rules might apply to you.
- You can be forced to register for military service. This could be imposed immediately upon arrival or when attempting to exit the country.
- You may be required to pay taxes, as any other citizen of that country.
- You may need to register your child with the country, even if the child was born in Canada.
Consider the possible laws and regulations when travelling to other countries where you do not hold citizenship. For example:
- If your Canadian passport shows you were born outside Canada, some countries may have specific entry requirements. In some cases, you may not be able to enter the country.
If your Canadian citizenship is not recognized
Limited or no access to Canadian consular services
Based on the country's laws, local authorities could be within their right to prevent Canadian consular officials from assisting you in a consular emergency. Local authorities may refuse your request to access Canadian consular services.
Renouncing your citizenship
You may be forced to give up your Canadian citizenship or be required to renounce your other citizenship.
Learn more about giving up your Canadian citizenship.
If you need help
For help with emergencies outside Canada, contact the:
Returning to Canada
If you are a Canadian with dual citizenship, you need to carry a valid Canadian passport to return to Canada by air.
This applies even if:
- the country or countries you’re travelling from require you to carry your other passport
- you’re only passing through
More information about why you need a valid Canadian passport.
- Find a foreign representative in Canada
- Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)
- Canadian passports - IRCC
- Documents that prove your Canadian citizenship - IRCC
- A Guide for Canadians Detained Abroad - Travel.gc.ca
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