Travelling as a dual citizen
As of March 15, 2016, visa-exempt foreign nationals are expected to have an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to fly to or transit through Canada. Exceptions include U.S. citizens, and travellers with a valid Canadian visa. Canadian citizens, including dual citizens, and Canadian permanent residents are not eligible to apply for an eTA.
However, from March 15, 2016 until fall 2016, travellers who do not have an eTA can board their flight, as long as they have appropriate travel documents, such as a valid passport. During this time, border services officers can let travellers arriving without an eTA into the country, as long as they meet the other requirements to enter Canada. Find answers to your questions about the leniency period.
Dual citizenship means that you are a citizen of more than one country. While having dual (or multiple) citizenship is legal in Canada, some countries do not legally recognize dual citizenship. This may limit or even prevent Canadian officials from assisting you, especially if you are incarcerated.
Should you choose to travel to your other country of citizenship, you should be aware of local laws and regulations that may be imposed on you as a result of your citizenship in that country. For example, you may be legally required to register for military service or you could have tax obligations.
If you think you may have dual citizenship in another country, please consult the Travel Advice and Advisories and the relevant foreign embassy or consulate in Canada before you travel. This could reduce the risks and difficulties for you and your family when you travel there.
Use your Canadian passport and always present yourself as Canadian to foreign authorities, especially when entering and leaving the country where you are a dual citizen, unless you are legally required to enter and exit the country using a passport issued by that country.
Before leaving Canada, it is your responsibility to research the local laws to find out if you have obligations in the country of your dual citizenship, such as taxes, military service, or repayment of educational costs. Confirm this information in writing before you leave Canada and carry the document with you while you are travelling.
Dual citizenship and parental child abductions
Many international parental child abductions involve parents and children who are dual citizens. Officials of the government of the country where the parent and/or child is a dual citizen will determine whether or not to issue the child a passport or visa. If you are worried about your child being abducted, you or your lawyer can ask the foreign government not to issue these documents. However, the foreign government may not comply.
To request another country not to issue a visa and/or a passport to your child, write to the relevant country’s embassy or consulate. Include certified copies of any court orders outlining custody decisions or necessity for consent concerning removal of your child from Canada. You must also send a copy of this request to Global Affairs Canada’s Consular Services (see the contact information ) and inform the embassy or consulate of the country where the child has dual citizenship that you have done so.
For more information, visit our Child abduction and custody issues page or consult the publication International Child Abduction: A Guidebook for Left-Behind Parents.
Canadian citizens requiring more information can also call 613-944-6788 or email email@example.com.
- Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada
- Travel documents for dual Canadian citizens travelling to Canada, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada
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