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TUNISIA - Exercise a high degree of caution
Exercise a high degree of caution in Tunisia due to the nationwide risk of civil unrest and terrorist attacks.
Regional advisory - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to the following areas:
- the Mount Chambi National Park area, including to the town of Kasserine, due to violent clashes and the threat of terrorist attacks
- within 30 km of the borders with Algeria (with the exception of the town of Tabarka in Jendouba Governorate, where we advise a high degree of caution) and Libya
- the militarized zone in Tataouine Governorate that lies south of, but does not include, the towns of Dehiba and El Borma
Regional advisory - Avoid non-essential travel
Avoid non-essential travel to the following areas:
- the Tunisian governorates bordering Algeria; that is:
- Kasserine (except for the Mount Chambi National Park area and the town of Kasserine, where we advise against all travel)
- Jendouba and Kef
- the road corridor from Kasserine via Sbeitla to Sidi Bouzid
- Tunisia’s greater south, in all areas south of, and including the towns of:
- Zarzis (except for areas of Tataouine Governorate south of Dehiba and El Borma, where we advise against all travel)
Safety and security
Safety and security
Mount Chambi National Park
There is an increased threat of kidnapping and terrorism in the area of Mount Chambi National Park in Kasserine Governorate.
Tunisian military operations against suspected terrorists are ongoing in the area. Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) have been used here.
Regularly review your security practices and remain alert to the changing situation.
Border areas with Algeria and Libya
There is an ongoing threat of terrorist attack and kidnapping along the border with Algeria. Military operations against terrorist groups have been ongoing in the governorates of Jendouba, Kasserine and Kef since the end of April 2013. IEDs have been used.
Due to the flow of terrorists between Tunisia and neighbouring countries, the Tunisian government has increased its security presence at borders with Algeria and Libya. The threat of cross-border terrorist activity remains. Tunisian security forces regularly confront terrorists in these areas.
The border between Tunisia and Libya may close with little or no notice.
Tunisia’s greater south area
The deterioration in the security situation in neighbouring Libya has resulted in greater volatility in southern Tunisia, particularly in remote areas.
Terrorism and kidnapping
Terrorist attacks and kidnappings have occurred throughout Tunisia. Tourist resorts and attractions, Tunisian military and state institutions have been targeted, and further attacks cannot be ruled out.
Public sites frequented by large crowds, particularly foreigners, could also be targeted. Such sites include:
- shopping centres
- tourist sites
You should be particularly cautious in these areas. Attacks could be indiscriminate.
Maintain a high level of vigilance at all times.
A number of suspected terrorists and arms traffickers have been captured in various regions of the country, including the capital, Tunis. This indicates that extremist elements are present and that instability in Libya and elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa continues to pose a general threat to the security of foreigners, religious sites, foreign institutions and tourist facilities in Tunisia.
A state of emergency remains in effect since the 2015, deadly bus bombing targeting National Guard officers in downtown Tunis. National and regional curfews, which are enforced by the police, may be imposed without advance warning.
Given the threat of terrorism and kidnapping, exercise increased caution, including near tourist facilities and particularly in:
- the Greater South (in all areas south of and including the towns of Douz, Matmata, Médenine, Nefta and Zarzis)
- border areas with Algeria and Libya
- Mount Chambi National Park
- Jendouba, Kasserine and Kef governorates
Regularly review your security practices and remain alert to the changing situation.
Demonstrations and civil unrest
Political, social and economic tensions have caused civil unrest. While unrest has occurred mostly in central and southern Tunisia, it may occur throughout the country. Demonstrations, labour strikes, roadblocks and other disturbances have deteriorated into violent clashes between the police and demonstrators, resulting in considerable property damage, injuries and deaths.
- Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place or could occur
- Follow the instructions of local authorities
- Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations
Regularly review your security practices and remain alert to the changing situation, as it could deteriorate suddenly.
Street crime, including theft, pickpocketing, purse snatching and scams, has been much more frequent in Tunisia since the 2011 revolution.
- Watch out for pickpockets in public places and tourist areas
- Ensure personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times
- Carry photocopies of identification documents and your passport at all times. Store the originals in a safe place
Women travelling alone may be subject to certain forms of harassment and verbal abuse. Be aware that Tunisian men have targeted Canadian women for fraudulent marriages (see Fraud).
Young Tunisian men have pursued marriage with older Canadian women in coastal resorts, for financial gain or in order to gain entry to Canada.
Driving can be dangerous, particularly after dark.
Traffic signs and signals are routinely ignored.
When walking, be especially cautious as cars rarely stop at pedestrian crosswalks or stoplights.
Motorists sometimes drive on the wrong side of the road and ignore lane markings.
Bicycles, mopeds and motorcycles often operate without sufficient lights and reflectors, and regularly dart in and out of traffic.
Pedestrians compound the problem by dodging traffic and ignoring vehicles.
Police officers frequently stop cars for inspection, especially rental cars.
Taxis are available but may be scarce in major cities at peak hours. Most taxis are equipped with fare meters, which should be activated for all trips.
Rail service is generally safe. Petty crime occurs on city and inter-city trains. Be extremely vigilant with your belongings at all times.
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
General safety information
Avoid the crowds that can form at soccer matches, as such events have led to incidents of violence.
You should be accompanied by a guide on your travels or use a guide to help plan your travel.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Tunisian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months beyond the date you expect to leave Tunisia.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.
Tourist visa: Not required
Business visa: Not required
Student visa: Not required
Canadians do not require a visa to visit Tunisia for fewer than 90 days. If you intend to stay in Tunisia longer, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia in Ottawa for information about visa, work permit or temporary resident status regulations prior to your departure.
In Tunisia, you must report to a police station or the Ministry of the Interior.
Tunisian authorities may ask Canadians with Tunisian citizenship to enter Tunisia on their Tunisian passports.
If Canadians with Tunisian citizenship are permitted to enter on a Canadian passport, it is likely that they will be required to obtain a Tunisian passport before exiting the country.
Dual citizens have been questioned at length and, as a result, have missed their flight.
If your Tunisian passport is no longer valid, contact the Tunisian embassy in Ottawa prior to travel.
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
Children and travel
Learn about travel with children.
- There are no updates at this time.
Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world.
Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (i.e., close contact with animals, occupational risk, and children).
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in North Africa, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in North Africa. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among pediatric travellers, travellers going to rural areas, visiting friends and relatives or travelling for a long period of time. Travellers visiting regions with typhoid risk, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.
Insects and Illness
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is currently a risk of chikungunya in this country. Chikungunya is a virus spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. Chikungunya can cause a viral disease that typically causes fever and pain in the joints. In some cases, the joint pain can be severe and last for months or years.
Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times. There is no vaccine available for chikungunya.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in North Africa, like avian influenza and rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Medical services and facilities
Medical facilities are generally good in major centres, but are usually very limited or unavailable in rural areas.
Physicians and hospitals often require a deposit or upfront cash payment for medical care. Some clinics may accept private insurance coverage if they have a guarantee of payment from the insurance provider.
Medical evacuation services are available. A decompression chamber is available at the naval base in Bizerte (60 km from Tunis).
Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
Laws & culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
Illegal or restricted activities
Possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs may result in jail sentences and heavy fines.
Religious proselytizing is not permitted.
Tunisian law prohibits sexual acts between individuals of the same sex. LGBTQ2 travellers should carefully consider the risks of travelling to Tunisia.
Both valid Canadian driver’s licences and international driving permits are accepted in Tunisia.
Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Tunisia.
If local authorities consider you a citizen of Tunisia, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services. This will prevent us from providing you with those services.
In cases where one or more family members hold Tunisian citizenship, parents should consider the risks before their children travel to Tunisia, including:
- At the request of family members, Tunisian authorities can prevent children from leaving Tunisia (a procedure known as a “stop order”).
- Canadian children who are identified as Tunisian citizens will be treated as Tunisian nationals.
Tunisia is not a signatory to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, and Canadian custody documents are not recognized in Tunisia.
Imports and exports
Strict regulations may be enforced on the temporary import and export of firearms, religious material, antiquities, medications and business equipment. Contact the Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia for specific information regarding customs requirements.
The majority of the population is Muslim. Dress conservatively and respect religious and social traditions to avoid offending local sensitivities.
During the lunar month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim calendar), use discretion when drinking, eating, and smoking in public between sunrise and sunset. In 2019, Ramadan is expected to begin on or around May 5.
Taking photographs of military installations, government buildings and embassies is strongly discouraged. Ask permission before photographing individuals.
The currency is the Tunisian dinar (TND).
ATMs are widely available in tourist areas and can be found in all major centres. Credit cards are accepted at many establishments in urban and tourist areas.
You must declare all foreign currency upon arrival in Tunisia and retain this declaration. Tourists are expected to make foreign exchange transactions at authorized banks or dealers and to retain receipts for dinars obtained. Prior to departure from Tunisia, you may convert a maximum of DT3,000 ($2,000) into another currency, but must provide proof of purchase (customs declaration or proof of purchase abroad). Tunisian law prohibits the import and export of Tunisian dinars.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters & climate
The Sahara can be very hot, especially in the summer, with temperatures well above 40°C. Dust storms and sand storms frequently occur.
Although Tunisia is not in a high-risk earthquake zone, low seismic activity can occasionally occur. In winter, roads can be blocked by downpours.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 197 / 193
- medical assistance: 190
- firefighters: 198
Tunis - Embassy of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Tunisia in Tunis and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.
The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.
If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
Learn more about consular services.
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