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Romania - Exercise normal security precautions
There is no nationwide advisory in effect for Romania. Exercise normal security precautions.
Safety and security
Safety and security
Demonstrations occur and have the potential to suddenly turn violent. They can lead to significant disruptions to traffic and public transportation. Avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings, follow the advice of local authorities and monitor local media.
The rate of violent crime is low. Pickpocketing, purse snatching and mugging occur, especially in Bucharest and other urban centres. Be vigilant in crowded areas such as busy streets, buses, subways, trains, train stations and airport terminals. Avoid walking alone after dark.
Organized groups of thieves, which may include children, operate particularly in public transport centres, such as train stations, subways and buses.
Theft can occur on intercity trains. Do not leave your compartment unattended, and ensure that the door is secured from the inside.
Credit card and automated banking machine (ABM) card fraud occurs. Pay careful attention when cards are being handled by others during payment processing. It is preferable to use ABMs located inside financial institutions or large hotels, rather than those on the street.
See our Overseas fraud page for more information on scams abroad.
Spiked food and drinks
Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances, as the items may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.
There is a threat of terrorism in Europe. Terrorist attacks have occurred in a number of European cities and there is a potential for other violent incidents, which could target areas frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers. Continue to exercise normal security precautions.
Driving can be hazardous due to aggressive drivers, erratic driving behaviour and high speeds. Other than major city streets and intercity highways, many roads are in disrepair, poorly lit, narrow and without marked lanes. Do not drive after dark outside of major cities because of the unsafe conditions, which also include the presence of horse-drawn carts without lights and wandering livestock.
Taxis are readily available and are an affordable mode of transportation. Use only licensed metered taxis that display their price lists. Verify the tariffs on the taxi’s window before boarding and ensure that the meter displays the correct tariff. Tariffs are cheaper during the day and more expensive when travelling outside of the city limits. Visit the taxis booth within the arrivals terminal of the Bucharest airport to obtain a fair rate. Do not hail a taxi on the street; instead, order one from your hotel. Avoid travelling alone in a taxi to remote areas.
Rail services are generally poor by Western standards. It is, therefore, preferable to travel by inter-city buses, which are frequent, comfortable and relatively fast.
The Government of Canada does not assess foreign domestic airlines’ compliance with international aviation safety standards. See Foreign domestic airlines for more information.
General safety information
Carry adequate identification at all times. A photocopy of your passport is acceptable, and will help in case of loss or seizure of the original document.
Exercise normal safety precautions. Ensure that your personal belongings and passport and other travel documents are secure at all times, especially on public transportation. Avoid showing signs of affluence and carrying large sums of cash.
It is the sole prerogative of every country or territory to determine who is allowed to enter or exit. Canadian consular officials cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet entry or exit requirements. The following information has been obtained from the Romanian authorities and is subject to change at any time. The country- or territory-specific entry/exit requirements are provided on this page for information purposes only. While every effort is made to provide accurate information, information contained here is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The Government of Canada assumes no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided. It is your responsibility to check with the Embassy of Romania or one of its consulates for up-to-date information.
Canadians must present a passport to visit Romania, which must be valid for at least three months beyond the date of expected departure from that country. Prior to travelling, ask your transportation company about its requirements related to passport validity, which may be more stringent than the country's entry rules.
Temporary passport holders may be subject to different entry requirements. Check with diplomatic representatives for up-to-date information.
Official (special and diplomatic) passport holders must consult the Official Travel page, as they may be subject to different entry requirements.
Tourist visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days per six-month period
Business visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days per six-month period
Student visa: Required
Children and Travel
Children born to a Romanian parent may be considered Romanian citizens even if they were born in Canada and have a Canadian passport. Children under the age of 18 are only allowed to leave Romania with both parents, or with the consent of both parents. The absent parent(s) must provide a standard statement of parental consent to travel (in Romanian), notarized by Romanian authorities, to be presented upon exiting Romania. Parents of children travelling alone or with one parent are strongly encouraged to contact the Embassy of Romania in Canada before departure to ensure that their child meets the latest entry and exit requirements, which may change without notice.
See Children for more information on special documentation requirements.
See Health to obtain information on this country’s vaccination requirements.
Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world. Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (i.e., close contact with animals, occupational risk, and children).
Tick-borne encephalitis is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system. It is spread to humans by the bite of an infected tick. Vaccination should be considered for those who may be exposed to ticks (e.g., those participating in outdoor activities in wooded areas) while travelling in regions with risk of tick-borne encephalitis.
Yellow Fever Vaccination
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
|* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.|
|Country Entry Requirement*|
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Eastern Europe, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Eastern Europe. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Insects and Illness
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, snakes, rodents, and bats. Certain infections found in Eastern Europe, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.
For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.
Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care provider.
High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.
Medical services and facilities
Medical services and facilities do not meet Canadian standards. Private hospitals and clinics located in cities are often better staffed and equipped than public or rural facilities. Cash payment is expected at time of service. Medical evacuation, which can be very expensive, may be necessary in the event of serious illness or injury.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
Laws & culture
You are subject to local laws. See Arrest and detention for more information.
Canada and Romania are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons (Council of Europe). This enables a Canadian imprisoned in Romania to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and Romanian authorities.
Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Romania. However, Canadian officials may be limited in their ability to provide you with consular services if local authorities consider you a Romanian citizen. You should always travel using your valid Canadian passport and present yourself as Canadian to foreign authorities at all times to minimize this risk. You may also need to carry and present a Romanian passport for legal reasons, for example to enter and exit the country (see Entry/exit requirements to determine passport requirements). Citizenship is determined solely by national laws, and the decision to recognize dual citizenship rests completely with the country in which you are located when seeking consular assistance. See Travelling as a dual citizen for more information.
There are harsh penalties for engaging in sexual acts with a minor (the age of consent in Romania is 18). In addition, Canadians may be prosecuted at home for sexually exploiting children while abroad. Consult our publication Child Sex Tourism: It’s a Crime for further information on the risks of committing this form of sexual abuse abroad.
It is illegal to photograph government buildings and military installations, unless prior permission has been obtained from local authorities.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are strict. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and heavy fines.
A Canadian driver’s licence is valid in Romania for stays up to 90 days; a local driver’s licence is required for longer stays. Residents must have a Romanian driver’s licence. You must carry vehicle registration and proof of insurance.
Headlights must be on at all times when driving, regardless of the time of day or weather. Winter tires are mandatory during winter months. You must carry a fire extinguisher, a first aid kit and a warning triangle in your car. The use of a cellular telephone while driving is prohibited, unless it is fitted with a hands-free device.
Traffic laws are strict and local authorities carry out frequent road checks.
A motorway vignette (permit) is required to travel outside major cities. You may purchase these electronic vignettes at border points, post offices and large gas stations.
There is zero tolerance for driving under the influence of alcohol, and penalties are strict. Convicted offenders can expect heavy fines and jail sentences, and your driver’s licence may be confiscated immediately.
The currency of Romania is the lei (RON).
The economy is primarily cash-based. You may exchange Euros in recognized establishments, such as exchange shops, banks and hotels. Carry crisp bills, as well-worn or used banknotes may not be accepted. Traveller’s cheques are not widely accepted.
Credit cards are widely accepted in major urban centres. Most retailers use personal identification number technology for credit cards. Automated banking machines are widely available in major cities and, increasingly, in smaller towns.
When crossing one of the external border control points of the European Union (EU), you must make a declaration to customs upon entry or exit if you are carrying at least €10,000 or the equivalent in other currencies. The sum can be in cash, cheques, money orders, traveller’s cheques or any other convertible asset. This does not apply if you are travelling within the EU or are in transit to a non-EU country. For more information on the EU legislation and links to EU countries’ sites, visit the European Commission’s cash controls webpage.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters & climate
Romania is located in an active seismic zone.
There is a risk of avalanches in mountainous regions when rapidly warming temperatures follow a particularly harsh winter. Extreme weather can cause landslides. Exercise caution, monitor local news and weather reports and follow the advice of local authorities. The Romanian government provides an emergency information guide, available in Romanian only.
Extreme temperatures, in both summer and winter, may cause electricity outages.
Dial 112 for emergency assistance.
Bucharest - Embassy of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada in Bucharest and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad. In the event of a large-scale emergency, every effort will be made to provide assistance. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
See Large-scale emergencies abroad for more information.
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