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Norway - Take normal security precautions
Take normal security precautions in Norway.
Safety and security
Safety and security
The crime rate is low; however, petty crime (pickpocketing and purse snatching) occurs, particularly during the summer tourist season, from May to September. Remain vigilant in public places and tourist areas, including airports, train and bus stations, restaurants and hotels.
After dark, avoid poorly lit areas, especially the streets around Oslo’s Central (railway) Station.
There is a threat of terrorism. Terrorist attacks could occur at any time. Targets could include government buildings, places of worship, schools, airports, transportation networks and public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels, and sites frequented by foreigners. Be aware of your surroundings at all times in public places. Stay at hotels that have robust security measures, however, keep in mind that even the most secure locations cannot be considered completely free of risk.
The Government of Norway maintains a public alert system on terrorism. The current level indicates the risk of terrorism taking place is likely. Monitor local media for the latest information on the threat level and follow the instructions of local authorities.
Narrow and winding roads may be hazardous and impassable, especially in winter and in mountainous areas. Observe posted speed limits and keep headlights on at all times. Respect signs showing animal crossings, especially for moose.
Public transportation services are efficient and reliable. Use only officially marked taxis, particularly in Oslo.
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
Fraudulent electronic readout devices are sometimes used at automated banking machines (ABMs) in Norway and the victim’s banking information is sold or traded online. To avoid being a victim of this fraud, use ABMs located in well-lit public areas or inside a bank or business, avoid card readers with an irregular aspect, cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN and check for any unauthorized transactions on your account statements.
See our Overseas Fraud page for more information on scams abroad.
If you intend to engage in mountaineering, glacier climbing or skiing:
- never practice these activities alone;
- always hire an experienced guide from a reputable company;
- buy travel insurance that includes helicopter rescue and medical evacuation;
- ensure that your physical condition is good enough to meet the challenges of your activity;
- ensure that you are properly equipped and well informed about weather and other conditions that may pose a hazard;
- advise a family member or friend of your destination, itinerary and when you expect to be back to camp;
- know the symptoms of acute altitude sickness, which can be fatal;
- sign up with the Registration of Canadians Abroad; and
- obtain detailed information on trekking routes or ski slopes before setting out, and do not venture off established trails or slopes, especially in early or late winter, when warming weather increases the possibility of avalanches.
Consider using a cell phone and a GPS tracking system, which can assist emergency response units in locating you if you become stranded. Bring other safety devices such as a back plate, a helmet and a spade for digging snow. If you feel that it is dangerous, remember that it is never too late to turn back. For more information on safe trekking, consult the Norwegian Trekking Association’s website.
General safety information
Exercise normal safety precautions. Ensure that your personal belongings, including passports and other travel documents, are secure at all times.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Norwegian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.
Norway is a Schengen area country. Canadian citizens do not need a visa for travel to countries within the Schengen area. However, visa-free travel only applies to stays of up to 90 days in any 180-day period. Stays are cumulative and include visits to any Schengen area country.
If you plan to stay in the Schengen area for a longer period of time, you will need a visa. You must contact the high commission or embassy of the country or countries you are travelling to and obtain the appropriate visa(s) prior to travel.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months beyond the date you expect to leave the Schengen area.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.
Temporary border controls
The Norwegian government has reintroduced internal border controls at certain border crossings. Canadians may be required to pass through immigration controls when entering Norway, even if arriving from another Schengen area country.
Tourist visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days*
Business visa: Not required
Work visa: Employment authorization must be obtained outside of Norway, prior to arrival. Consult the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Ottawa for details.
Student visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days
* The 90-day period begins upon initial entry into any country of the Schengen area. Stays are cumulative and include visits to any Schengen area country within any 180-day period.
While Svalbard is a Norwegian territory, it is not part of the Schengen area. If you travel to Svalbard you will require a valid passport to enter and you will be required to meet Schengen area entry regulations when returning to Norway’s mainland.
Consult the Governor of Svalbard’s Entry and residence page for additional information.
Children and travel
Learn about travel with children.
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
- Measles in Europe - March 5, 2018
Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world.
Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
- Tick-borne encephalitis is present in some areas of this country.
- It is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
- It is spread to humans by the bite of infected ticks or when you consume unpasteurized milk products.
- Vaccination should be considered for those who may be exposed to ticks during outdoor activities.
- A vaccine against TBE does exist but is only available in countries where the disease is present.
- Learn more on what you can do to prevent tick-borne encephalitis (TBE)?
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Western Europe. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
Insects and Illness
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in Western Europe, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Medical services and facilities
The standard of health-care services is high and excellent medical care is widely available. However, access to emergency medical assistance may be limited in remote regions.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
Laws & culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
Canada and Norway are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons (Council of Europe). This enables a Canadian imprisoned in Norway to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and Norwegian authorities.
Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Norway*.
If local authorities consider you a citizen of Norway*, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services. This will prevent us from providing you with those services.
* Dual citizenship is recognized in certain cases. Consult the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration’s Dual citizenship page for additional information.
Penalties for trafficking, use or possession, even of small amount, of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect heavy fines, detention or deportation*. A visitor found in possession of drugs upon arrival in Norway will be charged with importation rather than simple possession.
Some substances that may be legal in other European countries, such as khat, are prohibited in Norway.
* Deportation from Norway will also mean expulsion from the greater Schengen area. The period of expulsion can be from 2 to 5 years, depending on the severity of the offence.
An International Driving Permit is recommended.
Penalties for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs are severe. The legal blood alcohol limit is 0.02 percent. Roadside checks for alcohol are frequent, and submission to a breathalyzer test is mandatory.
The use of a cellular telephone while driving is prohibited, unless it is fitted with a hands-free device.
The use of headlights is mandatory, even during day time.
Winter tires are mandatory from November 1 to April 15.
Additional information on road safety and regulations can be found on the European Commission’s Mobility and Transport.
The currency is the Norwegian krone (NOK).
Most credit cards and traveller’s cheques are widely accepted, and automated banking machines are widely available.
When crossing one of the external border control points of the European Union (EU), you must make a declaration to customs upon entry or exit if you have at least €10,000, or the equivalent in other currencies. Norway restricts that amount to NOK25,000 (approximately €3125). The sum can be in cash, cheques, money orders, traveller’s cheques or any other convertible assets. This does not apply if you are travelling within the EU or in transit to a non-EU country. For more information on the EU legislation and links to EU country sites, visit the European Commission’s cash controls website.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters & climate
Avalanches and rockslides present a risk in mountainous areas where the weather is highly unpredictable. Monitor local media and the Norwegian meteorological service to stay informed on weather patterns before setting off on a trek.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 112
- medical assistance: 113
- firefighters: 110
Oslo - Embassy of Canada
Stavanger - Consulate of Canada
Please call before visiting the consulate.
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada in Oslo and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.
The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.
If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
Learn more about consular services.
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