COVID-19 - Global travel advisory

Effective date: December 15, 2021

Avoid non-essential travel outside Canada due to the risk of the Omicron variant that causes COVID-19.

This advisory overrides all other advisories on this page, with the exception of those where we advise against all travel.

Continue to avoid all cruise ship travel outside of Canada.

Useful links

Kazakhstan Register Travel insurance Destinations

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Risk level(s)

Risk level(s)

Avoid non-essential travel outside Canada due to the risk of the Omicron variant that causes COVID-19.

This advisory overrides all other advisories on this page, with the exception of those where we advise against all travel.

Kazakhstan - Exercise a high degree of caution

Exercise a high degree of caution in Kazakhstan due to crime.

Safety and security

Safety and security

COVID-19 - Preventative measures and restrictions

In an attempt to limit the spread of COVID-19, most governments have implemented preventative measures and restrictions.

These could include:

  • curfews, movement restrictions, or lockdowns
  • the obligation to wear a face-covering, a surgical or respirator mask in some circumstances
  • the obligation to present proof of vaccination or a COVID-19 test result to access public and private services and spaces, including transportation, restaurants and cultural sites

Foreign authorities might not recognize or accept proof of vaccination issued by Canadian provinces and territories. You may need to obtain a translation, a notarization, an authentication, or the legalization of the document.

Before travelling, verify if specific restrictions or requirements are in effect.

Foreign Representatives in Canada


There is a threat of terrorism. Terrorist attacks could occur at any time.

Targets could include:

  • government buildings, including schools
  • places of worship
  • airports and other transportation hubs and networks
  • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places.

The Government of Kazakhstan maintains a public alert system on terrorism. The alert level is currently at “yellow.” There are increased security measures on public transportation and in other public areas.


Violent crime against foreign tourists occurs. Robberies occur on public transportation, in parks, shopping areas, open markets and restaurants, and near major tourist hotels and nightclubs.

  • Do not open your door to strangers under any circumstance
  • Do not carry large amounts of money or travel alone after dark

Individuals posing as police officers have robbed foreigners. If approached, ask to see police credentials.

Men posing as “meet and greet” airport facilitators lure unsuspecting foreigners into cars and demand money. Make prior arrangements with your contacts so they can appropriately identify themselves to you at the airport.

Foreigners have been the target of violent attacks and muggings when leaving bars, nightclubs and other recreational establishments at night in Aktobe, Almaty, Atyrau and Nur-Sultan. Avoid walking alone after dark and make transportation arrangements with a reputable company before leaving such venues.

Spiked food and drinks

Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances. These items may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.


The situation is currently unstable in Kazakhstan. A state of emergency is in effect across the country. Violent events have resulted in numerous casualties in several cities. There are reports of arson and looting. Security forces have used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse crowds.

Flights to and from the international airport in Almaty are temporarily suspended.

There may be shortages of food, fuel and cash in Almaty.

The president has declared a nationwide state of emergency until January 19, 2022. During this time:

  • a curfew is in effect from 11 pm to 7 am
  • mobile Internet service may be disrupted
  • movement of people and vehicles is restricted
  • mass gatherings and demonstrations are prohibited

Demonstrations occur from time to time. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

  • Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities
  • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

More about mass gatherings (large-scale events)

Road safety

Aggressive driving, poorly lit, marked and maintained roads and obscure signs make driving hazardous, especially in winter.

Driving after dark is dangerous.

Road signs are in the Cyrillic alphabet.

Avoid driving unless you are familiar with local road conditions. Consider hiring a car with a driver.

Due to the vast distances between cities and the lack of gas stations and other services in rural areas, you should fully fuel your vehicle and pack a weather-appropriate emergency kit before leaving major cities.

Public transportation

Use only officially marked taxis, pre-negotiate the fare and do not allow other passengers to ride with you.

While rail service is good, onboard robberies often occur and railroad officials may be involved. Store your belongings in a safe place and do not leave the compartment unattended. Ensure that the door is secured from the inside.

Air travel

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

General information about foreign domestic airlines

Unannounced delays and flight cancellations are common in winter due to poor weather conditions. Regional airlines do not always respect reservations.

General safety information

Tourist facilities are limited, especially outside Almaty and Nur-Sultan. Plan ahead to minimize safety risks.

Entry/exit requirements

Entry/exit requirements

COVID-19 - Entry, exit and transit restrictions and requirements

Most governments have implemented special entry and exit restrictions and requirements for their territory due to COVID-19.

Foreign authorities might not recognize or accept proof of vaccination issued by Canadian provinces and territories. You may need to obtain a translation, a notarization, an authentication, or the legalization of the document.

Before travelling, verify if the local authorities of both your current location and destinations have implemented any restrictions or requirements related to this situation.

Restrictions imposed could include:

  • entry bans, particularly for non-residents
  • exit bans
  • quarantines of 14 days or more upon arrival, some in designated facilities, at your own cost
  • health screenings and certificates as well as proof of adequate travel health insurance
  • border closures
  • airport closures
  • flight suspensions to/from certain destinations, and in some cases, all destinations
  • suspensions or reductions of other international transportation options

Additional restrictions can be imposed suddenly. Airlines can also suspend or reduce flights without notice. Your travel plans may be severely disrupted, making it difficult for you to return home. Consider even your transit points, as transit rules are in place in many destinations.

  • Monitor the media for the latest information
  • Contact your airline or tour operator to determine if the situation will disrupt your travel plans
  • Contact the nearest foreign diplomatic office for information on destination-specific restrictions

You should not depend on the Government of Canada for assistance to change your travel plans.

Useful links

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from the authorities of Kazakhstan. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada.


Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

Regular Canadian passport

Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Kazakhstan.

Passport for official travel

Different entry rules may apply.

Official travel

Other travel documents

Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.

Useful links


You must obtain a visa to visit Kazakhstan.

Tourist visa: Required
Business visa: Required
Student visa: Required

Single-entry visas allow visitors to remain in Kazakhstan for up to 90 days, while multiple-entry visas are valid for up to three years with a maximum stay of 30 days per entry.

When obtaining a visa, ensure that the visa corresponds to the type of activity you plan to undertake. Visa infringement is punishable by prison terms and deportation.

You do not need a letter of invitation for stays longer than 30 days if you are applying for an A3, B1, B3, B10 or B12 visa. Travellers with all other categories of visa must obtain an invitation for stays longer than 30 days.

Visas for foreign citizens - Kazakh Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Your hosts must notify migration services of your arrival within three calendar days. If the registration process is not completed within this timeframe, local authorities may detain you, impose a fine or delay your exit from the country.

Closed areas

Authorities have designated all areas within 25 km of a border as “closed zones.” You must apply for a special permit to visit them.

Closed zones include:

  • Big Almaty Lake
  • Lake Alakol
  • Sharyn Canyon
  • Monakhov Gorge

Some areas within the following provinces are closed to travellers:

  • Karaganda (Gulshad and Priozersk villages)
  • Kyzylorda (city of Baikonur and the Karmakshinsky and Kazalinsky regions)
  • West Kazakhstan (Bokeiordinsky and Zhangalinsky regions)
  • Zhambyl (Gvardeyskiy and Rossavel villages and Kulzhabasy)

To obtain a permit, valid for one visit only, send a request to the Head of the Almaty Migration Police Department. Indicate the name of the persons intending to visit the site, passport numbers for each person, the exact time and date of the visit, and the name of the site to be visited. If you attempt to enter these areas without a permit, you are subject to arrest and/or a fine.

Health entry requirements

You must provide a medical certificate of a negative test for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), conducted no more than one month prior to registration, if you are planning to travel or reside in Kazakhstan for more than 3 months.

You must present the certificate (translated and certified by a local notary and the Center for the Prevention and Control of AIDS in Almaty) to the Migration Police within 3 days of arrival. You can get tested for HIV abroad or locally at the centre.

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

Children and travel

Learn about travel with children.



Related Travel Health Notices
Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.

Routine Vaccines

Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.

Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Vaccines to Consider

You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.


Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series in Canada before travelling. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.


Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.


Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.


Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (e.g., are children, have an occupational risk, or in close contact with animals, including free roaming dogs in communities).

Tick-borne encephalitis


  • Tick-borne encephalitis is present in some areas of this country. 
  • It is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
  • It is spread to humans by the bite of infected ticks or when you consume unpasteurized milk products.


  • Vaccination should be considered for those who may be exposed to ticks during outdoor activities.
  • A vaccine against TBE does exist but is only available in countries where the disease is present.
  • Learn more on what you can do to prevent tick-borne encephalitis (TBE)?
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.


  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

  • Proof of vaccination is required if you are coming from or have transited through an airport of a country where yellow fever occurs.


  • Vaccination is not recommended.
  • Discuss travel plans, activities, and destinations with a health care professional.
  • Contact a designated Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre well in advance of your trip to arrange for vaccination.


About Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.


Food and Water-borne Diseases

Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.

In some areas in Central Asia, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Central Asia. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!

Travellers' diarrhea
  • Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
  • Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
  • The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.

Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.

Travellers visiting regions with a risk typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.


Insects and Illness

In some areas in Central Asia, certain insects carry and spread diseases like Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, leishmaniasis, Lyme disease, malaria, and tick-borne encephalitis.

Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever is a viral disease that typically causes fever, bleeding under the skin, and pain. Risk is generally low for most travellers. It is spread to humans though contact with infected animal blood or bodily fluids, or from a tick bite. Protect yourself from tick bites and avoid animals. There is no vaccine available for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever.



  • There is a risk of malaria in certain areas and/or during a certain time of year in this country.
  • Malaria is a serious and occasionally fatal disease that is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no vaccine against malaria.
  • Protect yourself from mosquito bites. This includes covering up, using insect repellent and staying in enclosed, air-conditioned accommodations. You may also consider pre-treating clothing and travel gear with insecticides and sleeping under an insecticide-treated bednet.
  • Antimalarial medication may be recommended depending on your itinerary and the time of year you are travelling. See a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic, preferably six weeks before you travel to discuss your options.


Animals and Illness

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in Central Asia, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.


Person-to-Person Infections

Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds, the flu and other illnesses.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.


Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.

For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.

Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.

High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.

Radioactive or toxic chemical sites associated with former defence industry installations and test ranges, particularly in the Semipalatinsk Test Site area, pose health risks. These test areas are normally closed to foreigners; if travelling to these areas on organized tours, closely follow the advice of tour leaders.

Medical services and facilities

COVID-19 - Testing facilities

Consult the following links to find out where you can get a COVID-19 test:

Health care is inadequate. Medical facilities throughout Kazakhstan are scarce. Medical clinics often have poor hygiene practices and lack basic drugs and equipment.

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

Laws and culture

Laws & culture

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.


Identification checks are common and police will arrest visitors who do not carry identification. Carry photo identification, as well as a legally certified copy of your visa and registration, with you at all times.

  • Keep your passport and visa in a safe place
  • Leave a photocopy of your travel documents with a relative or a friend at home
  • Keep a digital copy of your ID and travel documents


You must carry an international driving permit.

More about the International Driving Permit

Illegal or restricted activities

There is zero tolerance for drinking and driving.

Possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs may result in jail sentences and heavy fines.

Photography of military installations or government buildings may result in a penalty. Seek permission from local authorities before taking photographs.

The importation of prescription medication is restricted.

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Kazakhstan.

If local authorities consider you a citizen of Kazakhstan, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services. This will prevent us from providing you with those services.

General information for travellers with dual citizenship

Any Kazakh citizen who obtains another citizenship is legally obligated to surrender their Kazakh citizenship by advising the nearest embassy or consulate of Kazakhstan and returning all Kazakh identification and travel documents within 3 days of becoming a citizen of another country.


Kazakhstan is a secular country, but Islamic practices and beliefs are widespread and are most closely adhered to in rural areas. Dress conservatively, behave discreetly and respect religious and social traditions to avoid offending local sensitivities.

LGBTQ2 travellers

Although Kazakhstani law does not prohibit sexual acts between individuals of the same sex, homosexuality is not socially tolerated.

LGBTQ2 travellers should carefully consider the risks of travelling to Kazakhstan.

General safety information and advice for LGBTQ2 travellers abroad


The currency is the tenge (KZT).

The economy is largely cash-based. It is illegal to use foreign currency in financial transactions.

Traveller’s cheques are rarely accepted outside large hotels catering to foreigners. Credit cards are widely accepted in urban areas. Euros and U.S. dollars can be exchanged at authorized currency exchanges. All U.S. dollar bills must have been issued after 1995 and be in good condition. You must declare amounts exceeding US$3,000 in cash at border crossings.

ATMs are widely available in Almaty and Nur-Sultan, and are becoming increasingly available in urban centres throughout the country. Only some ATMs will accept debit cards that use the Plus System.

Natural disasters and climate

Natural disasters & climate

Kazakhstan is located in an active seismic zone. Avalanches and landslides are possible in mountainous areas, especially in the spring.

Kazakhstan experiences severe weather conditions, especially in the winter when temperatures can fall below -30°C and strong winds can result in wind-chill temperatures below -50°C. Highways and roads are regularly closed in the winter months due to cold, wind and snow. Travellers should ensure they prepare appropriately and take adequate precautions when travelling outside of urban areas in the winter.

Industrial pollution is severe in some cities.



Local services

Emergency services

Dial 112 for emergency assistance.

Consular assistance

Nur-Sultan - Embassy of Canada
Street AddressKabanbay, Batyr Street 13/1, Nur-Sultan, 010000, KazakhstanTelephone7 (7172) 475 577Fax7 (7172) 475 587Emailastnacs2@international.gc.caInternetwww.kazakhstan.gc.caServicesPassport Services AvailableFacebookEmbassy of Canada to KazakhstanTwitter@CanEmbKZ

For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Kazakhstan, in Nur-Sultan, and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.

The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

Learn more about consular services.

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