Greenland

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Risk level(s)

Risk level(s)

Greenland - Take normal security precautions

Take normal security precautions in Greenland.

Safety and security

Safety and security

Crime

The crime rate is low. There are no serious security or safety concerns.

Road safety

Arctic weather conditions may cause delays and interruptions in transport services. Carry enough funds to cover unexpected expenses.

There are no roads or railways between towns. Travel is, however, possible by air, sea, ski, snowmobile or dogsled.

Air travel

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

Learn more about foreign domestic airlines.

Air Greenland operates regular domestic flights between all towns and larger settlements.

Tourism and expeditions

Tourist facilities are limited. Main tourist centres are in:

  • Nuuk
  • Ilulissat
  • Disko Bugt (or Disko Bay)
  • southern Greenland
  • Tasiilaq, in eastern Greenland     

You must apply for a special permit at the Ministry of Domestic Affairs, Nature and Environment of Greenland to explore glaciers, mountains or the National Park in northeast Greenland. You should travel with a tour operator.

Information from the Government of Greenland about travel in remote parts

General Safety information

Ensure personal belongings, including passports and travel documents, are secure at all times.

Entry/exit requirements

Entry/exit requirements

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from the Danish authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.

Greenland is an autonomous territory the Kingdom of Denmark but not a part of the European Union nor the Schengen area. Greenland has its own entry and exit requirements.

Passport

Canadians must present a passport to visit Greenland, which must be valid for at least three months beyond the date of expected departure from that country. Prior to travelling, ask your transportation company about its requirements related to passport validity, which may be more stringent than the country's entry rules.

Temporary passport holders may be subject to different entry requirements. Check with diplomatic representatives for up-to-date information.

Official (special and diplomatic) passport holders must consult the Official Travel page, as they may be subject to different entry requirements.

Visas

Tourist visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days

Business visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days

Children and travel

Learn about travel with children.

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

Health

Health

Related Travel Health Notices
  • - December 31, 1969 19:00 EST
Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.
Vaccines

Routine Vaccines

Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.

Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Vaccines to Consider

You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.

Influenza

Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world.

Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.

Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

Risk

  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

  • Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.

Recommendation

  • Vaccination is not recommended.

* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

About Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada

Food/Water

Food and Water-borne Diseases

Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.

Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Greenland. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!


Insects

Insects and Illness

In some areas in Greenland, certain insects carry and spread diseases.

Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.


Malaria

Malaria

There is no risk of malaria in this country.


Animals

Animals and Illness

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with domestic and wild animals as certain infections found in Greenland, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.


Person-to-Person

Person-to-Person Infections

Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds and the flu.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.

For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.

Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care provider.

High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.


Medical services and facilities

Limited medical facilities are available, but evacuation is required for serious illness or injury. Make sure you have accessible funds‎ and travel insurance ‎that covers medical expenses, including hospitalization abroad and medical evacuation, in case of illness or injury.

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

Laws and culture

Laws & culture

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Denmark.

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Denmark, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited in Denmark. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.

Learn more about travelling as a dual citizen.

Illegal and restricted activities

Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are strict. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences or heavy fines.

The removal of natural resources, including any precious and semi-precious metals, stones, and gemstones is strictly regulated. To avoid complications, check with the Ministry of Mineral Resources before attempting to leave Greenland with any of these items.

Contact information for Government Ministries in Greenland

Driving

You must be at least 18 years of age to drive a car in Greenland.

An International Driving Permit is recommended.

Penalties for drinking and driving, as well as for speeding, are severe.

The use of mobile telephones while driving is illegal, unless the phone is fitted with a hands-free device.

Money

The currency of Greenland is the Danish krone (DKK).

Natural disasters and climate

Natural disasters & climate

The climate is extreme, especially during winter, with severe cold weather.

Assistance

Assistance

Local services

Emergency services

Dial 112 for emergency assistance.

Consular assistance

Nuuk - Consulate of Canada
Street AddressTuapannguit 48, 3900 Nuuk, GreenlandPostal AddressP.O. Box 1012, 3900 NuukTelephone(299) 31-1647 / (299) 55-3289Emaillpdaniel@greennet.gl
Copenhagen - Embassy of Canada
Street AddressKristen Bernikowsgade 1, 1105 Copenhagen K., DenmarkTelephone45 33 48 32 00Fax45 33-48-32-20Emailcopen@international.gc.caInternetwww.denmark.gc.caServicesPassport Services AvailableTwitter@CanadaDenmark

For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada in Copenhagen and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.


The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

Learn more about consular services.

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