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Armenia - Exercise a high degree of caution
Exercise a high degree of caution in Armenia due to occasional demonstrations and protests.
Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas - Avoid non-essential travel
Avoid non-essential travel to Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding areas due to the tense political situation and occasional cross-border shooting incidents.
The Government of Canada does not recognize the sovereignty of Nagorno-Karabakh, and its ability to provide consular services there is extremely limited.
Learn more about the safety and security situation.
Safety and security
Safety and security
Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding areas (see Advisory)
The border with Azerbaijan, including the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan, is closed. A ceasefire has been in effect since May 1994, although armed clashes and gunfire along the 5-km buffer zone between the border and the ceasefire line occur sporadically. There are many landmines surrounding the conflict zones with Nagorno-Karabakh.
Be particularly vigilant near all land borders. As the land border with Turkey is closed, you should only travel between Yerevan and Istanbul by air.
Pickpocketing, mugging and theft from cars and homes occur. Do not show signs of affluence.
Demonstrations occur and have the potential to suddenly turn violent. They can lead to significant disruptions to traffic and public transportation. Avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings, follow the advice of local authorities and monitor local media.
Some roads outside Yerevan are poorly maintained. Do not travel after dark. Poor driving standards, inadequate road signs and poor road conditions make road travel hazardous. Winter travel can be extremely hazardous at higher elevations. Police may set up roadblocks to search vehicles.
Public transportation networks are overcrowded and poorly maintained.
Pedestrians may not have the right of way.
Minibuses are often involved in accidents.
Be cautious when travelling by train. Store personal belongings and documents in a safe place, do not leave the compartment unattended and lock the door from the inside.
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
Learn more about foreign domestic airlines.
General safety information
Armenian authorities conduct frequent identity checks. Carry a photocopy of your passport and leave another one with a relative or a friend at home. Keep passports and valuables in a safe.
Arrange to be met at the airport.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Armenian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least six months beyond the date you expect to leave from Armenia.
Official Canadian Passport
Different entry rules may apply.
Learn more about official travel.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.
Learn more about Canadian passports.
Canadians must be in possession of a visa to visit Armenia.
Transit visa: Required for stays up to three days
Visitor visa: Required for stays up to 120 days
Canadians travelling to Armenia for tourism or business can obtain a visitor visa from the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Canada; they can also apply for an e-visa from Armenia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs before departure, or obtain a visa at the airport upon arrival.
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
Children and travel
Learn about travel with children.
Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world.
Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (i.e., close contact with animals, occupational risk, and children).
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Western Asia, food and water can also carry diseases like cholera, hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Western Asia. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher for children, travellers going to rural areas, visiting friends and relatives or travelling for a long period of time. Travellers visiting regions with typhoid risk, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care provider about vaccination.
Insects and Illness
In some areas in Western Asia, certain insects carry and spread diseases like chikungunya, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, malaria, Rift Valley fever, and West Nile virus.
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in Western Asia, like avian influenza and rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.
For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.
Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care provider.
High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.
Medical services and facilities
Medical facilities are limited outside Yerevan and do not meet Canadian standards. Serious medical cases may require evacuation to a country equipped with adequate facilities.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
Laws & culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
An International Driving Permit is recommended.
Homosexual activity is legal but is not widely accepted in Armenian society.
Possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs may result in jail sentences and heavy fines.
There is zero tolerance for drinking and driving.
You may be fined for photographing military installations or government buildings. Seek permission from local authorities before taking photographs.
The export of cultural items is regulated.
Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Armenia.
If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Armenia, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.
Learn more about travelling as a dual citizen.
Canadian-Armenian citizens may also be subject to national obligations, such as taxes and military service. Check your status with the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Canada. Dual nationals who try to avoid the compulsory military service may be detained for draft evasion and face hefty fines or imprisonment.
See Travelling as a dual citizen for more information.
The currency is the Armenian dram (AMD). The economy is primarily cash-based. U.S. dollars and credit cards are generally accepted when paying for hotel accommodation. There are no limitations on exchange of foreign currency. However, amounts exceeding US$10,000 must be declared at border crossings. Some banks may not accept a foreign bank card at automated banking machines, but you can make withdrawals at the counter with your passport as identification.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters & climate
Armenia is located in an active seismic zone.
Landslides can occur.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 102
- medical assistance: 103
- firefighters: 101
Yerevan - Consulate of Canada
Moscow - Embassy of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada in Moscow and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
It is not possible to make collect calls from Armenia. However, pay phones can be used for international calls. Phone cards are available at newsstands and retail outlets. Most post offices have international telephone facilities. Cabins are equipped with a meter, and payment is made after the call. Internet telephones are now available at Internet cafés.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.
The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.
If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
Learn more about consular services.
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