Algeria Register Travel insurance Destinations
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Algeria - Exercise a high degree of caution
Exercise a high degree of caution in Algeria due to the risk of civil unrest and the threat of terrorism.
Areas bordering Libya, Tunisia, Mali, Niger, and Mauritania - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to the wilayas (provinces) of:
- El Oued
Kabylia region and Annaba, Béchar, Biskra, El Bayadh, El Taref, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Skikda and Souk Ahras wilayas - Avoid non-essential travel
Avoid non-essential travel to the mountainous Kabylia region, in the wilayas of:
- Tizi Ouzou
- El Bayadh
- El Taref
- Souk Ahras
Safety and security
Safety and security
Wilayas bordering Mali, Mauritania, Libya, Niger and Tunisia
The security situation in these areas is unpredictable.
Armed groups operate in the remote desert areas in the wilayas of:
- El Oued
These wilayas border the countries of:
There is a threat of terrorism, banditry and kidnapping. Terrorist attacks and counter-insurgency operations occur regularly in the country’s east and south, particularly in border areas.
Banditry and kidnappings have also taken place.
Kabylia region and Annaba, Béchar, Biskra, El Bayadh, El Taref, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Skikda and Souk Ahras waliyas
Terrorist attacks, including the use of improvised explosive devices, banditry and kidnappings occur in the mountainous region of Kabylia, which includes the wilayas of:
- Tizi Ouzou
There is a risk of injury, robbery, kidnapping or murder from random terrorist or bandit roadblocks in the wilayas of:
- El Bayadh
- El Taref
- Souk Ahras
Be extremely vigilant at roadblocks and stop only for police in official uniforms.
There is a threat of terrorism. Terrorist attacks, causing deaths and injuries, have occurred regularly, particularly in the mountains of the Kabylia region, southeast of Algiers.
Algerian security forces are usually the primary target, but civilians have been killed and injured in attacks. Terrorists have also targeted foreign interests, including foreign oil and natural gas operations in the Sahara.
Though authorities have thwarted a number of planned incidents, the security situation continues to be unstable. Urban centres may be more secure than heavily wooded and mountainous rural areas, but there is a risk of being in the wrong place at the wrong time.
Targets could include:
government buildings, including schoolsplaces of worshipairports and other transportation hubs and networkspublic areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners
Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places.
Stay at hotels that have robust security measures, including:
- metal detectors
- security cameras
Keep in mind, however, that even the most secure locations aren’t completely free of risk.
There is a threat of kidnapping in Algeria. Foreigners have been taken hostage, and in some cases executed. Terrorist groups have attacked oil and natural gas operations in Algeria. They have taken and killed hostages during these attacks.
Demonstrations occur regularly throughout the country.
Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.
- Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
- Follow the instructions of local authorities
- Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations
Street crime, such as robbery and theft, can occur in larger cities, particularly after dark.
If you are travelling by car, lock your belongings in the trunk and keep the doors locked at all times. Park your car in a guarded parking lot.
Women travelling alone may be subject to certain forms of harassment and verbal abuse.
Road conditions can be poor outside of Algiers, and signposts are rare.
Rent a car with a hired driver rather than drive yourself.
Traffic can be very congested, particularly in large urban centres, and speeding and poor driving habits are prevalent. Traffic-related accidents are comparatively far more common than in Canada.
Road fatalities increase during Ramadan due to fatigue.
There are checkpoints on the main roads heading into and out of larger cities, and on roads throughout Algiers.
Avoid buses, which have been targeted by terrorists and bandits.
Taxis follow a standard route and pick up many clients going in the same direction. They generally only serve city centres, and their availability is sporadic, particularly late at night and during peak hours.
During Ramadan, avoid using public transportation, including taxis, between airports and city centres, especially after dark. Accidents are common due to fatigue. Arrange for airport pick-up and drop-off, in advance, by your host or hotel shuttle.
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
General safety information
If staying at a hotel, ask for a briefing on hotel security measures on arrival. Retain your hotel key at all times.
Avoid travelling on foot, particularly at night.
Security forces are present on roads, at airports and in front of government buildings throughout the country. Comply with their directives at all times.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Algerian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave from Algeria.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.
Canadians must be in possession of a visa to visit Algeria.
Tourist visa: Required
Business visa: Required
Student visa: Students are issued a tourist visa.
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
Children and travel
Learn about travel with children.
Children born to Algerian fathers automatically acquire Algerian citizenship at birth, regardless of where they were born.
Even if the child is listed on the mother’s foreign passport, Algerian authorities consider the child an Algerian citizen if the father is Algerian.
Immigration authorities consider a person an adult in Algeria at the age of 19 years old plus 1 day. Under this age, a child travelling alone or with a third person other than one of his or her parents or legal guardians must produce paternal authorization to leave the country.
Confirm the requirements with the Embassy of Algeria to Canada in Ottawa before departing Canada.
- Polio: vaccine advice - December 14, 2018
Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world.
Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (e.g., are children, have an occupational risk, or in close contact with animals, including free roaming dogs in communities).
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is required if you are coming from or have transited through an airport of a country where yellow fever occurs.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
- Discuss travel plans, activities, and destinations with a health care professional.
- There is currently a shortage of the yellow fever vaccine in Canada. It is important for travellers to contact a designated Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre well in advance of their trip to ensure that the vaccine is available.
About Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in North Africa, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in North Africa. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
Cholera is a risk in parts of this country. Most travellers are at very low risk.
For protection of cholera
All travellers should practise safe food and water precautions.
Travellers at higher risk should discuss with a health care professional the benefits of getting vaccinated.
Travellers at higher risk include those:
- visiting, working or living in areas with limited access to safe food, water and proper sanitation
- visiting areas where outbreaks are occurring.
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.
Travellers visiting regions with a risk typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.
Insects and Illness
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is currently a risk of chikungunya in this country. Chikungunya is a virus spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. Chikungunya can cause a viral disease that typically causes fever and pain in the joints. In some cases, the joint pain can be severe and last for months or years.
Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times. There is no vaccine available for chikungunya.
Leishmaniasis, cutaneous and mucosal
Cutaneous and mucosal leishmaniasis causes skin sores and ulcers. It is caused by a parasite spread through the bite of a female sandfly. Risk is generally low for most travellers. Protect yourself from sandfly bites, which typically occur after sunset in rural and forested areas and in some urban centres. There is no vaccine or medication to protect against leishmaniasis.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in North Africa, like avian influenza and rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.
For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.
Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.
High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.
Medical services and facilities
Medical services are adequate in large urban centres, though private clinics tend to be better equipped. Outside of major centres, medical facilities are poor to non-existent.
Doctors and hospitals usually expect immediate cash payment for their services.
Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
Laws & culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
The general work week is from Sunday to Thursday.
You should carry an International Driving Permit.
Illegal or restricted activities
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are strict. Convicted offenders can expect detention or other penalties.
Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Algeria.
If local authorities consider you a citizen of Algeria, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services. This will prevent us from providing you with those services.
Under Algerian law, men over the age of 19 must complete military service.
Canadian-Algerian dual citizens have been refused permission to leave the country because they did not possess a deferment card exempting them from military service, a certificate of census registration nor evidence that they have completed their military service.
While the Embassy of Canada to Algeria will attempt to help individuals in this situation, these individuals are considered to be Algerian citizens by Algerian authorities.
Dress and behaviour
Islamic practices and beliefs are closely adhered to in the country’s customs, laws and regulations.
To avoid offending local sensitivities:
- dress conservatively
- behave discreetly
- respect religious and social traditions
During the lunar month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim calendar), refrain from drinking, eating, and smoking in public between sunrise and sunset. In 2019, Ramadan is expected to begin on or around May 5.
The currency is the Algerian dinar (DZD).
The DZD is non-convertible outside Algeria. Convert any excess currency prior to departure from Algeria.
Cash is the preferred method of payment in Algeria. Credit cards are not accepted outside of major hotels and some businesses, such as airline companies.
ATMs are available in a few major hotels and banks, although they are often unreliable.
Declare all foreign currency on the currency declaration form that is issued on arrival, and that you will have to present on departure. You must also record all transactions made during your stay.
It is forbidden to leave the country with more than 10,000 CAD or its equivalent in Algerian dinars.
You should make foreign exchange transactions through official channels.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters & climate
Algeria is located in an active seismic zone.
Seasonal rains can cause flooding.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 17
- tourist police: 1548
- medical assistance: 213 (0) 21-235-050
- firefighters: 14
Algiers - Embassy of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Algeria in Algiers and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.
The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.
If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
Learn more about consular services.
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