Uzbekistan Register Travel insurance Destinations
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Uzbekistan - Exercise a high degree of caution
Exercise a high degree of caution in Uzbekistan due to crime and the threat of terrorism.
Safety and security
Safety and security
Areas bordering Afghanistan, the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan (see Advisory)
Violent incidents have occurred in the mountainous border area where the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan meet.
Some areas near the Tajikistan border are mined.
There is a threat of terrorism. This threat is amplified by Daesh fighters returning from the Middle East. Local security forces occasionally conduct operations to counter these threats, leading to sporadic violence.
Terrorist attacks could occur at any time.
Targets could include:
- government buildings, including schools
- places of worship
- outdoor recreation events
- airports and other transportation hubs and networks
- public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners
Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places.
Foreigners may be targets of violent crime and have been robbed by individuals posing as police officers. If approached, ask to see police credentials or offer to go to the police station.
Street crime is more frequent after dark in urban centres. Don’t travel alone after dark and don’t show signs of affluence. Ensure that your personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times.
Many roads outside Tashkent are in poor condition, particularly in the Tian Shan and Fan mountains. Driving standards are poor, and driving at night is dangerous. Rural roads and highways are not lit.
Police frequently stop drivers for minor infractions or to verify their identification. Foreigners may face harassment, including demands for money.
Only use officially marked taxis. Don’t share taxis with strangers.
Exercise caution when travelling by train, especially overnight. Store valuables in a safe place and don’t leave the compartment unattended. Ensure that the door is secured from the inside.
When travelling by rail or road in Uzbekistan, it is sometimes necessary to cross into neighbouring countries.
More information about Entry and exit requirements
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
General safety information
Tourist facilities are limited.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Uzbek authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for the length of your stay.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.
Canadians must have a visa to visit Uzbekistan.
Tourist visa: Required
Business visa: Required
Student visa: Required
Transit visa: Required
Each type of visa has different application requirements. Obtain your visa prior to departure.
Additional information on visas - Consular Section of the Embassy of Uzbekistan
When travelling by rail or road in Uzbekistan, it is sometimes necessary to cross into neighbouring countries. To avoid complications, ensure you have a multi-entry visa for Uzbekistan and any visa required for entry into these countries.
You must register with the Office of Visas and Registration if you intend to stay for more than 3 days. Hotel staff normally registers guests when they check-in.
Travel to certain parts of Surxondaryo Province requires special permission from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Internal Affairs or an Uzbek embassy or consulate abroad.
Health entry requirements
You must provide a medical certificate indicating a negative test for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) if you intend to travel or reside in Uzbekistan for longer than 3 months.
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
Children and travel
Learn about travel with children.
- Polio: vaccine advice - October 26, 2018
Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world.
Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
There is a risk of polio in this country.
- Be sure that your vaccination against polio is up to date. Polio is part of the routine vaccine schedule for children in Canada.
- One booster dose of the polio vaccine is recommended as an adult.
Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (i.e., close contact with animals, occupational risk, and children).
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Central Asia, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Central Asia. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.
Travellers visiting regions with a risk typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.
Insects and Illness
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever is a viral disease that typically causes fever, bleeding under the skin, and pain. Risk is generally low for most travellers. It is spread to humans though contact with infected animal blood or bodily fluids, or from a tick bite. Protect yourself from tick bites and avoid animals. There is no vaccine available for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever.
- There is a risk of malaria in certain areas and/or during a certain time of year in this country.
- Malaria is a serious and occasionally fatal disease that is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no vaccine against malaria.
- Protect yourself from mosquito bites. This includes covering up, using insect repellent and staying in enclosed, air-conditioned accommodations. You may also consider pre-treating clothing and travel gear with insecticides and sleeping under an insecticide-treated bednet.
- Antimalarial medication may be recommended depending on your itinerary and the time of year you are travelling. See a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic, preferably six weeks before you travel to discuss your options.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in Central Asia, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.
For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.
Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.
High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.
Medical services and facilities
Medical services and facilities are substandard. Shortages of basic medical supplies are common.
Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
Laws & culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
You must carry photo identification at all times, such as a passport. Keep a photocopy of your passport in a safe place, in case it is lost or confiscated.
The laws of Uzbekistan prohibit sexual acts between individuals of the same sex. LGBTQ2 travellers should carefully consider the risks of travelling to Uzbekistan.
Illegal or restricted activities
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and heavy fines.
Religious proselytizing is illegal. It is punishable by penalties and/or imprisonment for up to 15 days, and could lead to deportation.
Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Uzbekistan.
If local authorities consider you a citizen of Uzbekistan, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services. This will prevent us from providing you with those services.
An International Driving Permit is recommended.
Islamic practices and beliefs are closely adhered to, particularly in rural areas.
To avoid offending local sensitivities:
- dress conservatively
- behave discreetly
- respect religious and social traditions
During the lunar month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim calendar), use discretion when drinking, eating, and smoking in public between sunrise and sunset. In 2019, Ramadan is expected to begin on or around May 5.
The currency in Uzbekistan is the Uzbek sum (UZS), which is used for most transactions. You may also be able to use U.S. dollars. Carry bills that are in good shape, as worn U.S. bills may not be accepted. Most major hotels accept credit cards. You can only cash traveller’s cheques at the National Bank of Uzbekistan and at major 4- or 5-star hotels located in the centre of Tashkent.
In September 2017, the Central Bank of Uzbekistan fixed the official exchange. Currency conversions take place at this rate without additional fees. You can exchange money at any bank or major hotel. Purchasing money on the black market is illegal and may result in extortion or jail sentences.
There are some ATMs, located at banks and a few major hotels in Tashkent. They only accept credit cards. Some ATMs provide U.S. dollars.
Natural disasters and climate
Natural disasters & climate
Uzbekistan is located in an active seismic zone.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 102
- medical assistance: 103
- firefighters: 101
Moscow - Embassy of Canada
Tashkent - Consulate of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Russia in Moscow and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.
The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.
If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
Learn more about consular services.
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