Official Global Travel Advisories

Mandatory COVID-19 testing

To be allowed to board a flight to Canada, all air passengers 5 years of age or older, including Canadians, are required to show a negative COVID-19 molecular test result taken within 72 hours of their scheduled time of departure to Canada. If the traveller has a connecting flight to Canada, the pre-departure test must be conducted within 72 hours of the last direct flight to Canada. This means they may need to schedule a COVID-19 test at their transit city within 72 hours of their direct flight to Canada.

All travellers 5 years of age or older, including Canadians, arriving to Canada by land are required to show a negative COVID-19 molecular test result taken in the United States within 72 hours prior to crossing the border into Canada.

Alternatively, travellers can present a positive COVID-19 molecular test taken between 14 and 90 days prior to departure.

More information on measures in place to enter Canada – Government of Canada

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Latest updates: The Health tab was updated - travel health notices (Public Health Agency of Canada)


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Risk level(s)

Risk level(s)

COVID-19 – Global travel advisory

Effective date: March 13, 2020

Avoid non-essential travel outside Canada until further notice.

This advisory overrides other risk levels on this page, with the exception of any risk levels for countries or regions where we advise to avoid all travel.

More about the Global travel advisory

United Kingdom - Exercise a high degree of caution

Exercise a high degree of caution in the United Kingdom due to the threat of terrorism.

Safety and security

Safety and security

COVID-19 - Preventative measures and restrictions

Preventative measures and restrictions are in place. Interregional travel is restricted.

You must wear a face covering in certain public spaces, including on public transportation and shops.

Additional measures could be imposed by regions or municipalities.

If you violate the restrictions, you could be fined for endangering public health.

  • Follow the instructions of local authorities, including those related to physical distancing
  • Avoid crowded areas

Useful links:

Terrorism

There is a threat of terrorism in Europe. Terrorists have carried out attacks in several European cities.

In the United Kingdom, previous incidents have resulted in casualties. They include random violent incidents in public areas, such as knife and vehicle attacks as well as explosions.

These incidents have occurred mainly in the London area but have also happened elsewhere.

Further attacks in Europe are likely. Targets could include:

  • government buildings, including schools
  • places of worship
  • airports and other transportation hubs and networks
  • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places. Be particularly vigilant if attending sporting events and during religious holidays and other public celebrations, as terrorists have used such occasions to mount attacks.

The Government of the United Kingdom maintains a public alert system on terrorism and communicates threat level changes online and through local media (including social media).

Current terrorism threat levels in the UK - British Home Office

Crime

Violent crime, such as mugging, knife crime and sexual assault, occurs particularly in larger cities. There have been incidents of passengers being sexually assaulted and robbed when using unlicensed taxis. Consult Transport for London’s Report a crime or incident page for information on what to do if you have been the victim of a crime on the transportation system, including in a taxi.

Report a crime or incident on the transportation system - Transport for London

Petty crime such as pickpocketing and purse snatching occurs particularly in:

  • tourist areas
  • airports
  • restaurants
  • pubs and bars
  • underground pedestrian walkways
  • public transportation

Cellphone theft is rampant in certain tourist areas of London, such as Piccadilly Circus, Trafalgar Square and Leicester Square.

Vehicle theft and theft from parked vehicles also occurs, particularly in tourist areas and roadside stops.

  • Ensure that your personal belongings, including passports and other travel documents, are secure at all times
  • Avoid isolated areas
  • Avoid showing signs of affluence and carrying large sums of cash
  • Be vigilant, particularly in urban areas and when walking after dark

Spiked food and drinks

Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances. These items may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.

Fraud

Credit card and ATM fraud occurs. Fraud can range from simple to sophisticated, sometimes involving hidden electronic devices that obtain account information and personal identification numbers.

Be cautious when using debit or credit cards:

  • pay careful attention when your cards are being handled by others
  • use ATMs located in well-lit public areas or inside a bank or business
  • avoid using card readers with an irregular or unusual feature
  • cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN
  • check for any unauthorized transactions on your account statements

More about overseas fraud

Demonstrations

Demonstrations take place regularly. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

  • Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities
  • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

Northern Ireland

In Northern Ireland, Protestant parades through predominantly Catholic neighbourhoods may occur during the Orange Order summer marching season (April to August). Expect possible delays and disruptions in some areas during the weeks leading up to July 12, the day Protestants celebrate their victory at the 1690 Battle of the Boyne.

Exercise caution during the summer marching season and follow the advice of local authorities.

More about mass gatherings (large-scale events)

Road safety

Roads are excellent but are often narrow and congested, especially in urban areas. Use caution when entering a traffic circle (roundabout).

Pedestrians should use caution when crossing streets and be mindful that traffic is coming from the opposite direction than what they may be used to.

Public transportation

Public transportation is excellent and extensive.

Taxis

Taxis are generally safe. Only use officially licensed marked taxis.

Air travel

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

General information about foreign domestic airlines

Mountain or trekking activities

If you intend on engaging in mountain or trekking activities:

  • never do so alone
  • hire an experienced guide if you are inexperienced in mountain trekking
  • buy travel insurance that includes helicopter rescue and medical evacuation
  • ensure that your physical condition is good enough to meet the challenges of your activity
  • ensure that you’re properly equipped and well informed about weather and other conditions that may pose a hazard
  • inform a family member or friend of your itinerary, including when you expect to reach your destination
  • obtain detailed information on trekking routes before setting out and do not venture off marked trails

Useful links:

Entry/exit requirements

Entry/exit requirements

COVID-19 - Entry, exit and transit requirements

The United Kingdom has implemented special entry and exit requirements for its territory. We have obtained the information below from British authorities. This information may change at any time. It is your responsibility to verify this information with the appropriate foreign diplomatic office and to ask if you will be allowed entry, based on your individual circumstances and your itinerary.

The information provided is based on travel from Canada. Keep in mind that your transit points could affect your ability to enter the country. The United Kingdom is refusing entry to individuals who have been travelling in certain countries. Consult the list of countries from which entry to the UK is banned before you travel.

Travellers arriving from Canada may be allowed entry if they meet the additional requirements below.

Passenger locator form

You must fill out an online passenger locator form before your arrival to the United Kingdom.

Passenger locator form - Government of the United Kingdom

PCR tests

You must present a negative PCR COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours prior to your departure. Two additional COVID-19 tests must be completed during your period of isolation. These tests must be booked before you travel to the UK.

Quarantine

You must self-isolate for 10 days upon arrival.

If you arrive to England from a country on the banned list, and you are a resident of the UK, your period of isolation must be completed at a government-designated hotel, at your own expense.

If you arrive directly to Scotland from abroad, your period of isolation must be completed at a government-designated hotel, at your own expense.

In England, you may be able to end self-isolation early through the Test to Release scheme if you pay for a private COVID-19 test and receive a negative result. This can be done at the earliest 5 days after arrival to England. Travellers coming from countries on the banned list are not eligible.

Exit requirements

It is unlawful to leave the UK without a legally permitted reason. Non-UK residents and passengers in transit are reputed to have a valid reason to leave. If you need to leave England for a legally permitted reason, you must fill out a declaration form.

If you try to travel without a valid reason or do not present a declaration form, you may be denied boarding and fined.

COVID-19 declaration form for international travel - Government of the United Kingdom

Local authorities may impose additional requirements without notice and your travel plans could be severely disrupted. You should not depend on the Government of Canada for assistance related to changes to your travel plans.

  • Follow the advice of local authorities
  • Monitor the media for the latest information

Useful links:

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from the British authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada.

Passport

Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

Regular Canadian passport

Your passport must be valid for at least the expected duration of your stay in the United Kingdom. This requirement may also apply when travelling to Northern Ireland from other parts of the United Kingdom, and vice versa.

Passport for official travel

Different entry rules may apply.

Official travel

Other travel documents

Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.

Useful links

Visas

Tourist visa: Not required for stays of up to 6 months

Business visa or work permit: Required

Student visa: Required

You need a work permit or visa even if you plan to do unpaid, volunteer, part-time or temporary work. A marriage visitor visa is required if you plan to get married or register a civil partnership in the United Kingdom.

Before your departure, you should consult UK Visas and Immigration or the British High Commission in Canada to ensure that you apply for the proper visa and have the appropriate documents for the purpose of your visit (for example, marriage, employment, study), as well as to find out if you will be required to pay a health-care surcharge.

The United Kingdom left the European Union on January 31, 2020, and the withdrawal transition period ended on December 31, 2020. If you reside in the United Kingdom, make sure you have the proper residency status and permit to continue living in the UK after the transition period ends.

Useful links:

Other entry requirements

UK Border officials may ask you to show them a return or onward ticket and proof that you have sufficient funds to support yourself for the duration of your stay. If you are unable to do so, or if you seek entry as a visitor but are found with items indicating that you intend to seek any type of employment (such as curriculum vitae or educational certificates), you may be denied entry and expelled from the country. Similarly, if a person seeking entry as a visitor is suspected of planning to reside in the UK for any reason, including having a UK-based partner, entry may be denied.

If you have previously been refused entry, contact the British High Commission in Ottawa to enquire about entry clearance before making plans to visit the UK, even if a visa is normally not required.

Transiting through a United Kingdom airport

If you plan to transit through a United Kingdom airport, make sure you comply with the entry requirements of your final destination. If you don’t meet the entry requirements of your final destination, you may be denied boarding. Unplanned layovers could lead to substantial travel costs and delays. You should not depend on the Government of Canada for assistance related to changes to your travel plans.

Children and travel

Learn about travel with children.

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

Health

Health

Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.
Vaccines

Routine Vaccines

Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.

Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Vaccines to Consider

You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.

Influenza

Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.

Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

Risk

  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

  • Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.

Recommendation

  • Vaccination is not recommended.

About Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

Food/Water

Food and Water-borne Diseases

Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.

Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Western Europe. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!


Insects

Insects and Illness

In some areas in Western Europe, certain insects carry and spread diseases like Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis, and West Nile virus.

Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.


Malaria

Malaria

There is no risk of malaria in this country.


Animals

Animals and Illness

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in Western Europe, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.


Person-to-Person

Person-to-Person Infections

Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds, the flu and other illnesses.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.


Medical services and facilities

COVID-19 - Testing facilities

Consult the following links to find out where you can get a COVID-19 test:

COVID-19 tests offered at the National Health Service (NHS) should not be used for international travel. They don’t respond to the requirements established by Transport Canada.

If you plan to travel to Canada from the UK, you must obtain an eligible test from a private provider.

Health care is excellent. Service is available throughout the country. You will be required to pay for medical services provided by the National Health Service (NHS) unless you are an ordinarily resident of the United Kingdom or are seeking access to certain emergency services exempted from fees. You may be required to pay the medical fees in advance.

Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

Laws and culture

Laws & culture

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.

Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons

Canada and the United Kingdom are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in the United Kingdom to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and British authorities. This process can take a long time and there is no guarantee that the transfer will be approved by either or both sides.

Drugs

Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and heavy fines.

Laws on knives

It is illegal to carry, purchase, sell or enter the country with certain types of knives. Convicted offenders can expect heavy fines and jail sentences.

Selling, buying and carrying knives - UK Government

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is legally recognized in the United Kingdom.

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of the United Kingdom, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.

General information for travellers with dual citizenship

Driving

Traffic drives on the left.

International driving permit

You can drive with a valid Canadian licence for up to 12 months from your date of entry. You should carry an international driving permit. Certain car rental companies may require an international driving permit.

Use of cellular telephones

The use of a cellular telephone while driving is prohibited, unless it is fitted with a hands-free device.

Drinking and driving

Penalties for drinking and driving are severe. Convicted offenders receive heavy fines or jail sentences.

Congestion Charge

If you drive into central London between 7 a.m. and 10 p.m., you will be required to pay a daily congestion charge. The Congestion Charge zone is indicated by a large “C” painted on the roads and by signs. You can pay the fee by phone, online or at selected shops and gas stations. Parking in London is limited and charges are high.

Money

The currency of the United Kingdom is the pound sterling (GBP).

When crossing one of the border control points of the United Kingdom you must make a declaration to customs upon entry or exit if you have at least €10,000 or the equivalent in other currencies. The sum can be in cash, cheques, money orders, traveller’s cheques or any other convertible assets.

Natural disasters and climate

Natural disasters & climate

England, Scotland and Wales are subject to wind storms that can cause death and injury and severely damage commercial, residential and natural areas.

Heavy rains occur and may result in flooding and mudslides. Certain coastal and riverside areas might be particularly subject to flooding.

Fog, and snow can also have widespread impacts, including transportation disruptions.

In mountainous regions, avalanches present a risk that may result in injuries or fatalities

  • Keep informed of regional weather forecasts
  • Stay away from disaster areas
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities, including evacuation orders

Useful links:

Assistance

Assistance

Local services

Emergency services

Dial 999 for emergency assistance.

Consular assistance

To limit the spread of COVID-19, the High Commission of Canada in the United Kingdom is limiting in-person services. If you need consular assistance, contact the High Commission by email. For emergency consular assistance please email ldn.consular@international.gc.ca, for an emergency related to a passport, please email ldn.passport@international.gc.ca.

London - High Commission of Canada
Street AddressCanada House, Trafalgar Square, London, SW1Y 5BJ, England, United KingdomTelephone+44 (0) 207 004 6000Fax+44 (0) 207 004 6053Emailldn.consular@international.gc.caInternetwww.unitedkingdom.gc.caServicesPassport Services AvailableFacebookHigh Commission of Canada to the United KingdomTwitter@CanadianUK
Belfast - Consulate of Canada
Cardiff - Consulate of Canada
Edinburgh - Consulate of Canada

For emergency consular assistance, call the High Commission of Canada in London and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.


The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

Learn more about consular services.

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