Mali travel advice

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Risk level


Avoid all travel to Mali, including the capital, Bamako, due to the threat of terrorism, kidnapping and banditry. If the security situation in Mali deteriorates, the ability of the Embassy of Canada to Mali in Bamako to provide consular services may be limited.

    On December 31, 2023, the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) withdrew from Mali. You should leave the country by commercial flights if it is safe to do so.

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    Safety and security

    Political Situation

    On December 31, 2023, the MINUSMA, which supported the peace process and helped stabilize the security situation in the country, withdrew from Mali. The security situation in the country could further deteriorate.

    You should leave the country by commercial flights if it is safe to do so.

    On August 18, 2020, the Malian armed forces initiated a coup and a transitional government was established. In early January 2022, the government proposed to postpone the elections scheduled for February 2022 to 2026. This announcement resulted in demonstrations.

    If you are in Mali:

    • remain vigilant
    • monitor local and international media to stay informed on the evolving situation
    • follow the instructions of local authorities


    Northern and central Mali are safe havens for terrorist groups. They regularly carry out attacks targeting mainly the Malian security forces.

    These groups have also fuelled inter-community tensions in the area, resulting in regular clashes between ethnic groups.

    Bamako and the southern part of Mali are also exposed to terrorist threats. Since mid-July 2022, there has been an increase in terrorist attacks in central and southern Mali, including in the vicinity of Bamako. Although they have primarily targeted security forces installations, the attacks have resulted in numerous casualties, including civilians.

    Terrorist groups in southern Mali are intent on increasing their attacks and kidnappings targeting foreigners.

    Targets could include:

    • government buildings, including schools
    • places of worship
    • security installations
    • airports and other transportation hubs and networks
    • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

    Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places.

    State of emergency

    A state of emergency is currently in effect throughout Mali. Heightened security measures are in place, including random identity checks and roadblocks. Carry identification and follow the instructions of local authorities at all times.

    • Remain extremely vigilant
    • follow political and social developments carefully 


    Establishments in Bamako frequented by foreigners have been targeted by attacks, causing deaths and injuries. If you are in Bamako despite the advisory, avoid travelling in urban areas after dark, especially in places frequented by foreigners.

    Northern Mali

    Military clashes with armed rebels persist in Northern Mali. Rebel forces, terrorist groups and criminal networks operate throughout this region and legitimate Malian security forces cannot ensure the safety of foreigners.

    Insecurity in Northern Mali is exacerbated due to a lack of:

    • infrastructure
    • reliable transportation
    • safe hotels
    • emergency services

    The ability of the Canadian embassy in Bamako to provide consular services in Northern Mali is severely limited.

    Border areas with Côte d’Ivoire

    Terrorist and criminal incidents have occurred in border areas with Côte d’Ivoire. Clashes between Malian authorities and other armed groups have occurred in the Misséni and Fakola sectors.


    The risk of kidnapping is high throughout Mali, especially in the northern regions and in all border areas. Attacks, with the intent to kidnap, now occur in areas surrounding Bamako. Westerners are specifically targeted. Some hostages have been detained for months before being released, and some have been killed. There is a heightened risk of terrorist attacks and kidnappings targeting Westerners in Bamako.

    If you need to travel within Mali:

    • use varied and unpredictable routes and schedules
    • exercise particular caution when travelling on highways, in rural areas and residential areas, even during daylight hours
    • avoid border areas
    • exercise particular caution when travelling the access roads to the airport
    • avoid travelling after dark


    Demonstrations take place frequently, particularly at the Independence Monument, located in Commune III, and at the Bouguiba Monument, located in Commune IV in Bamako. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

    • Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
    • Follow the instructions of local authorities
    • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

    Mass gatherings (large-scale events)


    Crime is on the rise in Mali, particularly in Bamako, which has seen an increase in armed assaults and robberies. Westerners have been the targets of:

    • carjacking, especially in the north
    • car theft
    • various scams

    Roadblocks, which are often set up at night, can lead to travel disruptions and contribute to the heightened threat of crime. Avoid travelling after dark.

    Carjackings occur throughout Mali, especially in the north.

    Petty crime occurs often. Panhandlers are common. Be careful of scam artists at the Bamako Senou International Airport.

    • Travel in groups
    • Remain alert
    • Ensure that your personal belongings and travel documents are secure
    • Avoid poorly lit areas after dark

    Corruption is prevalent. Police may stop motorists and request payments for unknown reasons.

    When shopping, note that food products are sometimes sold past their expiry date and higher prices may be charged for merchandise bought in markets.


    Credit card and ATM fraud occurs. Be cautious when using debit or credit cards:

    • pay careful attention when your cards are being handled by others
    • use ATMs located in well-lit public areas or inside a bank or business
    • avoid using card readers with an irregular or unusual feature
    • cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN
    • check for any unauthorized transactions on your account statements

    Overseas fraud

    Road safety

    Exercise extreme caution when driving. Road conditions off major roads are poor. Driving standards, lack of traffic signals, excessive speed, pedestrians and livestock on roadways, traffic congestion, the absence of sidewalks and poorly lit streets all pose serious risks. Overloaded transport vehicles often break down and cause accidents. Many vehicles lack lights. Roadside assistance is not available. Avoid driving at night.

    During the rainy season, some dirt roads may be impassable without a four-wheel-drive vehicle. Vehicles should be equipped with spare tires and an emergency kit. Keep informed of regional weather forecasts and plan accordingly.

    Public transportation

    Public transportation is unreliable in the capital. Agree on taxi fares before departure.

    Air travel

    We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

    Information about foreign domestic airlines

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    Entry and exit requirements

    Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

    We have obtained the information on this page from the Malian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

    Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada.


    Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

    Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

    Regular Canadian passport

    Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Mali.

    Passport for official travel

    Different entry rules may apply.

    Official travel

    Passport with “X” gender identifier

    While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

    Other travel documents

    Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

    Useful links


    Tourist visa: required
    Business visa: required
    Student visa: required

    You must obtain your visa prior to arrival.

    Children and travel

    Learn more about travelling with children.

    Yellow fever

    Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

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    Relevant Travel Health Notices

    This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.

    Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.

    Routine vaccines

    Be sure that your routine vaccinations, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.

    Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

    Pre-travel vaccines and medications

    You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary. 

    Hepatitis A

    There is a risk of hepatitis A in this destination. It is a disease of the liver. People can get hepatitis A if they ingest contaminated food or water, eat foods prepared by an infectious person, or if they have close physical contact (such as oral-anal sex) with an infectious person, although casual contact among people does not spread the virus.


    Practise safe food and water precautions and wash your hands often. Vaccination is recommended for all travellers to areas where hepatitis A is present.

    Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements

    Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

    Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.


    • There is a risk of yellow fever in this country.

    Country Entry Requirement*

    • Proof of yellow fever vaccination for travellers from all countries.


    About Yellow Fever

    Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
    * It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.


    Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

    Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

    Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.

    Meningococcal disease

    This destination is in the African Meningitis Belt, an area which has the highest rates of meningococcal disease in the world. Meningococcal disease is a serious and sometimes fatal infection. 

    Travellers who are at higher risk should discuss vaccination with a health care provider. High-risk travellers include those living or working with the local population (e.g., health care workers) or those travelling to crowded areas or taking part in large gatherings.

    Hepatitis B

     Hepatitis B is a risk in every destination. It is a viral liver disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another through exposure to blood and body fluids containing the hepatitis B virus.  Travellers who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) are at higher risk of getting hepatitis B.

    Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all travellers. Prevent hepatitis B infection by practicing safe sex, only using new and sterile drug equipment, and only getting tattoos and piercings in settings that follow public health regulations and standards.


     The best way to protect yourself from seasonal influenza (flu) is to get vaccinated every year. Get the flu shot at least 2 weeks before travelling.  

     The flu occurs worldwide. 

    •  In the Northern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs from November to   April.
    •  In the Southern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs between April and   October.
    •  In the tropics, there is flu activity year round. 

    The flu vaccine available in one hemisphere may only offer partial protection against the flu in the other hemisphere.

    The flu virus spreads from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Clean your hands often and wear a mask if you have a fever or respiratory symptoms.


    Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease that is caused by parasites spread through the bites of mosquitoes.

    Malaria is a risk to travellers to this destination.
    Antimalarial medication is recommended for most travellers to this destination and should be taken as recommended. Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic before travelling to discuss your options. It is recommended to do this 6 weeks before travel, however, it is still a good idea any time before leaving. 
    Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times: 

    • Cover your skin and use an approved insect repellent on uncovered skin.
    • Exclude mosquitoes from your living area with screening and/or closed, well-sealed doors and windows.
    • Use insecticide-treated bed nets if mosquitoes cannot be excluded from your living area.
    • Wear permethrin-treated clothing. 

     If you develop symptoms similar to malaria when you are travelling or up to a year after you return home, see a health care professional immediately. Tell them where you have been travelling or living. 


    In this destination, rabies is commonly carried by dogs and some wildlife, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal. While travelling, take precautions, including keeping your distance from animals (including free-roaming dogs), and closely supervising children.

    If you are bitten or scratched by a dog or other animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional. In this destination, rabies treatment may be limited or may not be available, therefore you may need to return to Canada for treatment. 

    Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who are at high risk of exposure (e.g., occupational risk such as veterinarians and wildlife workers, children, adventure travellers and spelunkers, and others in close contact with animals). 


    Polio (poliomyelitis) is an infectious disease that can be prevented by vaccination. It is caused by poliovirus type 1, 2 or 3. Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus 2 (cVDPV2) is present in this country.
    Polio is spread from person to person and through contaminated food and water. Infection with the polio virus can cause paralysis and death in individuals of any age who are not immune.


    • Be sure that your polio vaccinations are up to date before travelling. Polio is part of the routine vaccine schedule for children in Canada.
    • One booster dose of the polio vaccine is recommended as an adult.

    Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

    It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.

    Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.

    Safe food and water precautions

    Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.

    • Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
    • Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
    • Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs. 



    Cholera is a risk in parts of this country. Most travellers are at very low risk.

    To protect against cholera, all travellers should practise safe food and water precautions.

    Travellers at higher risk of getting cholera include those:

    • visiting, working or living in areas with limited access to safe food, water and proper sanitation
    • visiting areas where outbreaks are occurring

    Vaccination may be recommended for high-risk travellers, and should be discussed with a health care professional.

    Travellers' diarrhea

    Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

    Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.

    The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.


    Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.

    Travellers visiting regions with a risk of typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation, should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.  


    There is a risk of schistosomiasis in this destination. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by tiny worms (blood flukes) which can be found in freshwater (lakes, rivers, ponds, and wetlands). The worms can break the skin, and their eggs can cause stomach pain, diarrhea, flu-like symptoms, or urinary problems. Schistosomiasis mostly affects underdeveloped and rural communities, particularly agricultural and fishing communities.

    Most travellers are at low risk. Travellers should avoid contact with untreated freshwater such as lakes, rivers, and ponds (e.g., swimming, bathing, wading, ingesting). There is no vaccine or medication available to prevent infection.

    Insect bite prevention

    Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:

    • Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
    • Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
    • Minimize exposure to insects
    • Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed

    To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.

    Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.


    There is a risk of chikungunya in this country.  The risk may vary between regions of a country.  Chikungunya is a virus spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. Chikungunya can cause a viral disease that typically causes fever and pain in the joints. In some cases, the joint pain can be severe and last for months or years.

    Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times. There is no vaccine available for chikungunya.

    • In this country, risk of dengue is sporadic. It is a viral disease spread to humans by mosquito bites.
    • Dengue can cause flu-like symptoms. In some cases, it can lead to severe dengue, which can be fatal.
    • The level of risk of dengue changes seasonally, and varies from year to year. The level of risk also varies between regions in a country and can depend on the elevation in the region.
    • Mosquitoes carrying dengue typically bite during the daytime, particularly around sunrise and sunset.
    • Protect yourself from mosquito bites. There is no vaccine or medication that protects against dengue fever.
    Zika virus

    Zika virus is a risk in this country. 

    Zika virus is primarily spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. It can also be sexually transmitted. Zika virus can cause serious birth defects.

    During your trip:

    • Prevent mosquito bites at all times.
    • Use condoms correctly or avoid sexual contact, particularly if you are pregnant.

    If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, you should discuss the potential risks of travelling to this destination with your health care provider. You may choose to avoid or postpone travel. 

    For more information, see Zika virus: Pregnant or planning a pregnancy.

    Animal precautions

    Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.

    Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.

    Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.

    Lassa fever

    Lassa fever is a risk in this country.

    Lassa fever is caused by a virus carried by rodents. Humans get sick when they inhale or come into close contact with feces, saliva, or urine of infected rodents or the blood or bodily fluids of infected humans.

    Lassa virus can be very serious. Avoid rodents and rodent-infested areas.

    Person-to-person infections

    Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette, which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:

    •  washing your hands often
    • avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
    • avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness 

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV, and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.  


    Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.

    For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.

    Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.

    High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.


    HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks and impairs the immune system, resulting in a chronic, progressive illness known as AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). 

    High risk activities include anything which puts you in contact with blood or body fluids, such as unprotected sex and exposure to unsterilized needles for medications or other substances (for example, steroids and drugs), tattooing, body-piercing or acupuncture.

    Medical services and facilities

    Medical facilities are limited, especially outside of Bamako. Medical services usually require immediate cash payment.

    Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

    Travel health and safety

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    Laws and culture

    You must abide by local laws.

    Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.


    Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and heavy fines.

    Drugs, alcohol and travel


    Photography of military personnel and installations is prohibited. Cultural and religious factors influence the interpretation of what subjects may be photographed. Ask permission before taking photographs.

    Dual citizenship

    Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Mali.

    If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Mali, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.

    Travellers with dual citizenship

    International Child Abduction

    The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. It does not apply between Canada and Mali.

    If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Mali by an abducting parent:

    • act as quickly as you can
    • consult a lawyer in Canada and in Mali to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
    • report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children’s Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre.

    If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.

    Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country’s judicial affairs.

    Useful links

    2SLGBTQI+ travellers

    The law of Mali doesn’t prohibit sexual acts between individuals of the same sex. However, homosexuality is not widely socially accepted. 2SLGBTQI+ travellers could face other sanctions.

    2SLGBTQI+ travellers should carefully consider the risks of travelling to Mali.

    Travel and your sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics


    Mali restricts the export of certain Malian archaeological objects, particularly those from the Niger River Valley. Under Malian law, visitors seeking to export such items require an export authorization from the National Museum of Mali in Bamako.

    Dress and behaviour

    Mali’s customs, laws and regulations closely adhere to Islamic practices. Dress conservatively, behave discreetly and respect Malian religious and social traditions to avoid offending local sensitivities.


    In 2024, the lunar month of Ramadan is expected to begin on or around March 10.

    In public, between sunrise and sunset, be discreet when:

    • drinking
    • eating
    • smoking


    You should carry an international driving permit.

    International Driving Permit


    The currency is the African Financial Community franc, or CFA franc (XOF). Credit cards are rarely accepted outside a few major hotels. The Central Bank of West African States has a foreign exchange bureau on Koulikoro Road in Bamako, close to the Grand Hôtel. Exchange facilities are often slow and offer rates that are out of date.

    Access to ATMs is limited outside of Bamako.

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    Natural disasters and climate

    There are 3 main seasons in Mali:

    • the dry and cool season, from November to February
    • the dry and hot season, from March to June, where temperatures can reach 45°C
    • the rainy season, from June to October

    During the rainy season, seasonal flooding can hamper overland travel and reduce the provision of essential services. Roads may become impassable and bridges damaged.

    Dust and sand storms are frequent.

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    Need help?

    Local services

    Emergency services

    In case of emergency, dial:

    • police: 17
    • medical assistance: 15
    • firefighters: 18

    Consular assistance

    Bamako - Embassy of Canada
    Street AddressImmeuble Séméga, Route de Koulikoro, Commune II, Bamako, MaliPostal AddressP.O. Box 198, Bamako, MaliTelephone+223 44 98 04 50Fax+223 44 98 04 55Emailbmakoconsular@international.gc.caInternet of Canada to MaliTwitter@CanEmbMaliConsular district


    For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Mali, in Bamako, and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.


    The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

    The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

    If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

    Learn more about consular services.

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