Official Global Travel Advisories


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Risk level(s)

Risk level(s)

COVID-19 – Global travel advisory

Avoid non-essential travel outside Canada until further notice.

If you must travel, check the risk levels specific to your destination and plan your travel accordingly.

Lebanon - Exercise a high degree of caution

Exercise a high degree of caution in Lebanon due to an unpredictable security situation and the risk of terrorist attack.

Southern suburbs of Beirut - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to the southern suburbs of Beirut, due to the presence of armed groups and the risk of violence from organized crime, kidnappings and threat of terrorist attacks. This includes the following areas:

  • from south of the Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium to the airport perimeter
  • west and east (up to Saida Road) of the main airport highway, specifically the neighbourhoods of:
    • Bourj el Barajneh
    • Chiyah (south of Hassan Kani road and west of the Old Saida Road)
    • Dahieh
    • Ghobeiry
    • Haret Hraik
    • Laylaki
    • Mraije
    • Rouais
The main highway to the airport and the airport itself are excluded from this advisory.

Safety and security situation

Tariq el Jdideh and Bir Hasan - Avoid non-essential travel

Avoid non-essential travel to the neighbourhoods of Tariq el Jdideh and Bir Hasan in the southern suburbs of Beirut, due to the unpredictable security situation.

Safety and security situation

North Lebanon - Avoid non-essential travel

Avoid non-essential travel to the following parts of North Lebanon, due to an unpredictable security situation:

  • North Governorate, including:
    • Akkar District
    • Miniyeh-Danniyeh District
  • from Tripoli to Miryata, the area north of the Tripoli-Danniyeh Road, up to the limits of the Miniyeh-Danniyeh District
  • the cities of Miryata, Majdalaiya, Zghorta, Rachiine and Achach

In Tripoli, the area west of Bechara El Khoury and Abdul Latif El Bissaf is excluded from this advisory only when accessed from the main highway coming from the south.

Safety and security situation

Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jabal Mohsen - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to the neighbourhoods of Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jabal Mohsen in Tripoli due to the presence of armed groups and the high risk of sporadic violence.

Safety and security situation

Border region with Syria - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to within 10 km of the border with Syria, due to landmines, unexploded ordnance and ongoing armed conflict.

Safety and security situation

North Eastern Bekaa Valley - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to the North Eastern Bekaa Valley, due to the presence of armed groups and the high risk of sporadic violence. This area encompasses:

  • the area west, east and north of Baalbek, bounded in the west by the Baalbek-Qaa highway and the border with Syria in the east and the north
  • the area east and north of Hermel, up to the border with Syria, bounded by the Hermel-Ras Baalbek Road and the Qasr-Hermel Road
  • the cities of Aarsal, Hermel, Labweh, Qaa and Ras Baalbek

Safety and security situation

Rayak, Brital and Baalbek - Avoid non-essential travel

Avoid non-essential travel to Rayak, Brital and Baalbek (with the exception of the historic site of the Baalbek temples) due to the unpredictable security situation.

Safety and security situation

Palestinian refugee camps - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to Palestinian refugee camps and surrounding areas, due to the high risk of sporadic violence.

Safety and security situation

South of the Litani river - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to south of the Litani River, near the border with Israel, due to military activity. Historical and tourist sites in the city of Tyre and the main coastal highway from the Litani River to Tyre are excluded from this advisory.

Safety and security situation

Safety and security

Safety and security

COVID-19 - Preventative measures and restrictions

In an attempt to limit the spread of COVID-19, most governments have implemented preventative measures and restrictions.

These could include:

  • curfews, movement restrictions, or lockdowns
  • the obligation to wear a face-covering or a surgical mask in some circumstances
  • the obligation to present proof of vaccination or a COVID-19 test result to access public services and spaces

Before travelling, verify if specific restrictions or requirements are in effect.

Security situation

The security situation in Lebanon is unpredictable. Pre-existing sectarian tensions, coupled with the spillover of the conflict in Syria, are playing a destabilizing role in the country.

Southern Suburbs of Beirut

Armed groups are present in large parts of Beirut’s southern suburbs. These neighbourhoods are targets for organized crime and terrorist attacks causing deaths and injuries. Tactics used by terrorists include car bombing, suicide bombing and rocket fire. There is also a risk of kidnapping and you could be caught in violent clashes between armed groups.

North Lebanon

While Lebanese security forces have conducted operations in northern Lebanon to improve the security situation, some parts of the region remain unstable. Some of these areas have experienced inter-communal violence that can spread to outlying areas. Heavy weapons fire (machine guns, grenades and rocket-propelled grenades), sniper activity and terrorist incidents have occurred.

Extremist groups have sought refuge in northern Lebanon, including throughout Akkar District.

Border region with Syria

The security situation in regions bordering Syria has deteriorated as a result of the ongoing conflict. Armed groups as well as the Lebanese and Syrian military have carried out operations resulting in casualties. Tensions between armed groups have also increased in border areas, resulting in violent clashes and kidnappings.

The border is not always clearly marked.

North Eastern Bekaa Valley

The security situation in the North Eastern Bekaa Valley is volatile and there is an ongoing risk of sporadic violence, organized crime, and kidnapping.

Palestinian refugee camps

The security situation in Palestinian refugee camps and surrounding areas remains tense and unpredictable. Violence is common in some camps—particularly Ain el Helweh, near Saida, and Beddawi, near Tripoli.

Refugee camps are often located close to urban centres and are not always visibly demarcated. Exercise caution and remain aware of your whereabouts at all times in order to avoid unknowingly entering a camp. Palestinian authorities control the security in most camps and may delay or refuse to grant Canadian officials access to Canadian in these areas.

Areas South of Litani River

The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) maintains additional peacekeepers south of the Litani River near the border with Israel due to the security situation. This region remains highly militarized and volatile. Rocket launches and border incidents resulting in casualties occasionally occur, provoking retaliatory attacks in this region and elsewhere in Lebanon.

Forces other than the Lebanese authorities exert significant control over parts of this region. Access restrictions may delay or prevent Canadian officials from providing assistance to citizens in these areas.

The international border between Lebanon and Israel is not entirely defined. UNIFIL enforces the Blue Line, which separates the two countries. Areas adjacent to the Blue Line are often heavily mined. The areas of Ghajar, Kfar Shouba Hills and Shebaa Farms are inaccessible from Lebanon. The border with Israel is closed.

If you are travelling to the city of Tyre, use only the main coastal highway. Travel permits from Lebanese authorities and/or UNIFIL may be required to enter areas south of the Litani River that border Israel.

Terrorism

There’s a threat of terrorism. Attacks can occur at any time and any place in Lebanon.

Targets could include:

  • government buildings, military installations and schools
  • places of worship
  • airports and other transportation hubs and networks
  • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

Local authorities are on a high state of alert and carry out anti-terrorism operations across the country to prevent attacks. The potential for attacks and a rapid deterioration of the security situation remains across the country, including in Beirut.

There is a significant presence of terrorist groups in several areas of southern Lebanon, including in the southern of Beirut and the northern Bekaa Valley. Forces other than Lebanese authorities exert a large amount of control in some areas, and they may delay or prevent Canadian officials from assisting Canadians in the region.

Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places. Be particularly vigilant during sporting events, religious holidays and other public celebrations. Terrorists may use such occasions to mount attacks.

Explosion in Beirut

On August 4, 2020, two strong explosions originated from the port of Beirut, creating extensive infrastructure damage. There remains a risk of falling debris in downtown Beirut, particularly in the areas of Gemmayzeh and Mar Mikhael.

Demonstrations

Planned and spontaneous demonstrations related to the domestic and regional situations regularly occur in Lebanon, particularly in Beirut.

Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

The road to Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport is subject to sporadic closures, due to various factors including clashes between various local groups. Access to the airport may be unavailable for extended periods when the security situation deteriorates.

  • Avoid all areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
  • Allow extra time to get to and from the airport
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities
  • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

More about mass gatherings (large-scale events)

Kidnapping

Kidnappings have occurred in the border areas with Syria, in the Bekaa Valley and could happen in other parts of Lebanon. In the southern suburbs of Beirut, foreigners and residents have been held against their will. Although most incidents of kidnapping typically involve Lebanese residents, foreigners have also been targeted. Maintain a high level of vigilance at all times.

Landmines

Landmines and unexploded ordnance continue to pose a threat in some parts of the country, including south of the Litani River and near the northeastern border region.

  • Look for posted landmine warnings
  • Stay on paved roads
  • Avoid walking or hiking in these areas.

Crime

Petty crime, such as purse snatching and pick pocketing, car thefts and residential break-ins, can occur.

  • Be vigilant in all crowded locations
  • Don’t carry large sums of money
  • Ensure that your personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times

Violent crime and sexual assault are rare but can occur. Exercise vigilance and appropriate safety precautions.

Road safety

Fuel rationing

The current fuel rationing has increased the daily traffic and congestion across the country. It’s causing long lineups at grocery stores, gas stations, and pharmacies. Roads blockades caused by lineups have led to several accidents.

The long waiting time and rationing may lead to arguments and altercations between drivers.

You may have issues securing fuel. Public transportation could also be severely affected.

If you are in Lebanon:

  • allow extra time for travel
  • exercise a high degree of caution, particularly around petrol stations
  • follow the instructions of local authorities
  • monitor local media to be informed of the latest developments

Congestion and aggressive driving are serious problems throughout the country. Drivers often don’t respect the rules of the road, and traffic laws are not consistently enforced. Be cautious when crossing streets, as drivers don’t always give pedestrians and cyclists the right of way.

Road accidents and serious road rage incidents causing injury or death are common in Lebanon.

Road lighting is sporadic and unreliable in urban areas and virtually non-existent in rural areas. At night, many drivers use their high beams exclusively, often creating a serious hazard due to blinding glare. Increased power cuts have led to interruptions of traffic lights in the city centre, including at major intersections.

Public transportation

Avoid public transportation, which is crowded, unsafe and unreliable.

Taxi

Foreigners using shared transportation have been victims of armed robbery, either by the driver or other passengers. Most major hotel chains will have an agreement with a reputable taxi company and can arrange the taxi for you.

  • Don’t use shared or “service” taxis.
  • Always pre-arrange transportation with a safe and reliable taxi company.
  • Don’t hail taxis off the street and avoid using unmarked taxi services.

Air travel

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

General information about foreign domestic airlines

General safety information

There is a highly visible security presence throughout the country. Carry personal documentation with you and follow the instructions of Lebanese security authorities.

Entry/exit requirements

Entry/exit requirements

COVID-19 - Entry, exit and transit restrictions and requirements

Most governments have implemented special entry and exit restrictions and requirements for their territory due to COVID-19.

Before travelling, verify if the local authorities of both your current location and destinations have implemented any restrictions or requirements related to this situation. Consider even your transit points, as transit rules are in place in many destinations. This could disrupt your travel.

You should not depend on the Government of Canada for assistance to change your travel plans.

Useful links

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from the Lebanese authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada.

Passport

Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

Regular Canadian passport

Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Lebanon.

Passport for official travel

Different entry rules may apply.

Official travel

Other travel documents

Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.

Useful links

Visas

Tourist visa: required

Student visa: required

Work visa: required

Business visa: required

As a Canadian citizen, you must obtain a visa to visit Lebanon. Ensure you apply for the proper type of visa for the specific purpose of your trip. Visas are available at Lebanese diplomatic missions abroad or at any port of entry into Lebanon.

Make sure your visa is valid for the duration of your stay. An expired entry visa must be extended by Lebanese authorities or you will not be allowed to leave the country.

Entry stamp

Your passport must show a Lebanese entry stamp in order to exit the country. If you acquire a new passport while in Lebanon, you must present your old passport containing proof of entry to authorities upon departure.

Travel bans

When local courts issue travel bans, the authorities at points of exit are instantly informed and won’t allow you to exit Lebanon, regardless of your nationality.

Find out more about travel bans.

Regional travel

Travel to or from Israel is illegal in Lebanon. You may be refused entry into Lebanon if your passport bears an Israeli visa, an Israeli border stamp, or an Egyptian or Jordanian border stamp issued by an office bordering Israel, as such a stamp could indicate you visited Israel prior to visiting Lebanon.

South of the Litani River

Travel permits from Lebanese authorities and/or UNIFIL may be required to enter areas south of the Litani River bordering Israel.

Children and travel

Children travelling with only one parent may be required to provide an authorization letter from the other parent to exit Lebanon.

More about travelling with children

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

Health

Health

Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.
Vaccines

Routine Vaccines

Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.

Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Vaccines to Consider

You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.

Influenza

Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.

Rabies

Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (e.g., are children, have an occupational risk, or in close contact with animals, including free roaming dogs in communities).

Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

Risk

  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

  • Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.

Recommendation

  • Vaccination is not recommended.

About Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

Food/Water

Food and Water-borne Diseases

Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.

In some areas in Western Asia, food and water can also carry diseases like cholera, hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Western Asia. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!

Travellers' diarrhea
  • Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
  • Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
  • The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid

Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.

Travellers visiting regions with a risk typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.


Insects

Insects and Illness

In some areas in Western Asia, certain insects carry and spread diseases like chikungunya, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, leishmaniasismalaria, Rift Valley fever, and West Nile virus.

Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.


Malaria

Malaria

There is no risk of malaria in this country.


Animals

Animals and Illness

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in Western Asia, like avian influenza and rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)

Cases of locally-acquired Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) have been reported in this country.

MERS is a viral respiratory disease caused by the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).Some people infected with MERS-CoV experience no symptoms, while others may experience mild flu-like or more severe pneumonia-like symptoms. Some cases can result in death.

Eat and drink safely, and avoid close contact with animals, especially camels. If you must visit a farm or market, make sure you practise good hygiene and wash your hands before and after contact with animals. There is currently no vaccine to protect against MERS.


Person-to-Person

Person-to-Person Infections

Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds, the flu and other illnesses.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.


Medical services and facilities

COVID-19 - Testing

Contact local health authorities, or the nearest Government of Canada office abroad to find out where you can get a COVID-19 test.

Modern medical care facilities and supplies are widely available in Beirut and its surrounding areas. Such facilities are not always available in outlying areas. Medical services can be very expensive, and payment in advance is almost always required.

Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

Travel health and safety

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

Laws and culture

Laws & culture

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.

Illegal or restricted activities

Photography

It is prohibited to photograph or videotape government buildings or military personnel, equipment and installations.

Avoid photographing individuals without their permission.

Drugs

Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and heavy fines.

Individuals charged with drug offences can expect to remain in jail and to be denied bail throughout the judicial process. This process often takes years.

Dress and behaviour

The dress code in Lebanon is more relaxed than most Middle Eastern countries.

To avoid offending local sensitivities:

  • dress conservatively
  • behave discreetly
  • respect religious and social traditions

Driving

An International Driving Permit is required.

Ensure your travel insurance is valid for driving in Lebanon.

Ramadan

In 2022, the lunar month of Ramadan is expected to begin on or around April 2.

In public, between sunrise and sunset, be discreet when :

  • drinking
  • eating
  • smoking

LGBTQ2 travellers

Lebanon’s law prohibits sexual acts between individuals of the same sex. Those convicted can face arrest or detention.

LGBTQ2 travellers should carefully consider the risks of travelling to Lebanon.

General safety information and advice for LGBTQ2 travellers abroad

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Lebanon.

If local authorities consider you a citizen of Lebanon, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services. This will prevent us from providing you with those services.

General information for travellers with dual citizenship

Canadians of Lebanese descent carrying Lebanese identification documents will be treated as Lebanese nationals by local authorities. Dual Canadian-Iraqis, Palestinians and Syrians may face additional questioning.

Child custody and travel bans

Canadian custody documents, including Canadian court orders pertaining to custody, may not be automatically recognized or enforceable in Lebanon. Family law matters in Lebanon, including child custody and divorce-related decisions, are settled according to local religious laws.

Relatives frequently place travel bans on Canadians. If you are involved in custody or other family disputes, consult a lawyer for advice on how religious law in Lebanon may affect your family situation.

International Child Abduction – Government of Canada

Money

There is a shortage of US Dollars in Lebanon. Foreign debit/credit cards have been blocked from withdrawing US Dollars from ATMs. Most ATMs have been stocked with Lebanese Pounds. Credit cards continue to be accepted in many shops and restaurants, but they are increasingly asking for cash payments.

The currency is the Lebanese pound (LBP).

Traveller’s cheques are not accepted and will not be changed by local financial institutions.

ATMs providing LBP are available in most parts of Lebanon. Use ATMs located inside, or adjacent to, bank branches for greater security and to be able to retrieve a lost card faster.

Natural disasters and climate

Natural disasters & climate

Lebanon is located in a seismic zone. There have been several minor earthquakes in recent years.

In the winter months, mountain roads, including the main Beirut–Damascus highway, may be temporarily blocked or become impassable due to heavy snowfall. Flash floods can occur, rendering roads temporarily dangerous or impracticable.

Assistance

Assistance

Local services

Emergency services

In case of emergency, dial:

  • police: 112
  • medical assistance: 140
  • firefighters: 175

Consular assistance

The Embassy of Canada to Lebanon, in Beirut, provides consular services by appointment only. You must book an appointment online. If you need emergency consular assistance, contact the Embassy of Canada in Beirut by email or telephone.

Beirut - Embassy of Canada
Street AddressFirst Floor, Coolrite Building, 43 Jal El Dib Highway (seaside), Beirut, LebanonPostal AddressP.O. Box 60163, Jal El Dib, Beirut, LebanonTelephone961 (4) 726-700Fax961 (4) 726-702Emailberut-cs@international.gc.caInternetwww.lebanon.gc.caServicesPassport Services AvailableFacebookEmbassy of Canada to LebanonTwitter@CanadaLebanonOffice HoursMonday to Thursday from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.; Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.Consular Section public hoursMonday to Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.

For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada in Beirut and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.


The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

Learn more about consular services.

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