COVID-19: travel health notice for all travellers
Czechia travel advice
Latest updates: The Health section was updated - travel health information (Public Health Agency of Canada)
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- Risk level
- Safety and security
- Entry and exit requirements
- Laws and culture
- Natural disasters and climate
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Czechia - Take normal security precautions
Take normal security precautions in Czechia.
Safety and security
Violent crime is low. Petty crime, such as pickpocketing and purse snatching, is common.
Organized groups of pickpockets often use distraction techniques and are particularly active in:
- main cities, including Prague
- public transportation hubs, including Prague main railway station (Praha hlavní nádraží)
- hotel lobbies
- restaurants, patios and outdoor cafés
- tourist attractions
Car thefts and break-ins are common, particularly in major cities.
Gangs of thieves may use jostling and swarming techniques to rob your belongings. They often target subway stations, particularly:
They also target tram routes, such as:
- tram 22, which runs to and from Prague Castle
- the tourist trams 41, 42 and 43
Robberies also occur on overnight trains.
While in Czechia:
- ensure that your belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times
- avoid showing signs of affluence and carrying large sums of cash
- carry a photocopy or digital copy of your passport identification page, driver’s license, train or airline tickets and credit cards
- don’t leave luggage unattended at airport check-in or ticket counters, car rental desks or hotel lobbies
- don’t leave luggage or valuables in a vehicle, and always park your vehicle in secure facilities
- be cautious when travelling on public transportation and overnight trains
Reporting a crime
If you are a victim of a crime, you should go to the nearest police station to report it. In Prague, a 24-hour police station dedicated to assistance to foreign victims of crime is located at Jungmannovo náměstí 9, near the Můstek metro station.
Keep a copy of your report, as you may need to make a claim to your insurance provider.
Spiked food and drinks
Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances, as the items may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.
Individuals posing as plainclothes police officers may ask to see your foreign currency and passports. Politely decline to cooperate, but offer to go to the nearest police station.
Some bars, restaurants and nightclubs may try to charge exorbitant prices or overcharge you.
- Be cautious of unsolicited requests from strangers
- Always confirm prices before consuming
- Check your bill to make sure it’s exact
- Avoid running a tab or leaving your credit card with bar or restaurant staff
Credit card and ATM fraud
Credit card and ATM fraud occurs.
When using debit or credit cards:
- pay careful attention if other people are handling your cards
- use ATMs located in public areas or inside a bank or business
- avoid using card readers with an irregular or unusual feature
- cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN
- check for any unauthorized transaction on your account statements
There is a threat of terrorism in Europe. Terrorists have carried out attacks in several European cities.
Terrorist attacks could occur at any time.
Targets could include:
- government buildings, including schools
- places of worship
- airports and other transportation hubs and networks
- public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners
Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places. Be particularly vigilant if attending sporting events and during religious holidays and other public celebrations, as terrorists have used such occasions to mount attacks.
Demonstrations take place regularly. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.
- Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
- Follow the instructions of local authorities
- Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations
Mass gatherings (large-scale events)
Road conditions and road safety can vary greatly throughout the country. Roads in rural or mountainous areas may be uneven, narrow, under construction or poorly marked.
Drivers often drive at excessive speeds.
Trams have priority over all types of transport and pedestrians.
Always be alert when walking, driving or cycling near tram rails.
Czechia has an extensive passenger train system. Rail accidents occur.
In Prague, you can get a taxi at the stands. They are regulated by the city government.
To avoid being overcharged:
- avoid hailing taxis on the street
- negotiate fares in advance, or insist that the driver use the meter
- use only officially marked taxis, reputable taxi companies or a trusted ride-sharing app
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
Entry and exit requirements
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Czech authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada.
Czechia is a Schengen area country Canadian citizens do not need a visa for travel to countries within the Schengen area. However, visa-free travel only applies to stays of up to 90 days in any 180-day period. Stays are cumulative and include visits to any Schengen area country.
If you plan to stay in the Schengen area for a longer period of time, you will need a visa. You must contact the high commission or embassy of the country or countries you are travelling to and obtain the appropriate visa(s) prior to travel.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months beyond the date you expect to leave the Schengen area.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Passport with “X” gender identifier
While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.
Tourist visa: not required for stays up to 90 days in any 180-day period
Business visa: required
Student visa: not required for stays up to 90 days in any 180-day period
Work visa: required
Other entry requirements
Customs officials may ask you to show them a return or onward ticket and proof of sufficient funds to cover your stay.
If you plan to stay in private accommodations for more than 3 days, you must register at the nearest Department of Foreign Police office within 3 working days of your arrival. Commercial accommodations will generally complete the registration on your behalf.
Make sure they do so.
- Registration and application forms - Ministry of the Interior of Czechia
- List of foreign police department offices - Czechia Police (in Czech)
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
Children and travel
Learn more about travelling with children.
Relevant Travel Health Notices
- Global Measles Notice - 5 April, 2023
- COVID-19 and International Travel - 17 March, 2023
This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.
Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.
Be sure that your routine vaccinations, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.
Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Pre-travel vaccines and medications
You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary.
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Tick-borne encephalitis is present in some areas of this country.
It is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
It is spread to humans by the bite of infected ticks or when you consume unpasteurized milk products.
Vaccination should be considered for those who may be exposed to ticks during outdoor activities.
A vaccine against TBE does exist but is only available in countries where the disease is present.
Learn more on what you can do to prevent tick-borne encephalitis (TBE)
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.
Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.
Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.
It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.
Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
In this destination, rabies may be present in some wildlife species, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal.
If you are bitten or scratched by an animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional.
Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who will be working directly with wildlife.
Safe food and water precautions
Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.
- Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
- Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs.
Insect bite prevention
Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:
- Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
- Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
- Minimize exposure to insects
- Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed
To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.
Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.
Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.
Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.
Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette, which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:
- washing your hands often
- avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
- avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV, and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.
Medical services and facilities
Good medical care is widely available. Care providers may require upfront payment.
Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
Transfer to a Canadian prison
Canada and Czechia are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in Czechia to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and Czechia authorities.
This process can take a long time, and there is no guarantee that the transfer will be approved by either or both sides.
Local police may ask for your identification at any time.
- Carry your passport at all times
- Keep a photocopy or a digital copy in a safe place, in case it is lost or stolen
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences or heavy fines.
Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Czechia.
If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Czechia, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.
Travellers with dual citizenship
International Child Abduction
The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. The convention applies between Canada and Czechia.
If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Czechia, and if the applicable conditions are met, you may apply for the return of your child to the Czech court.
If you are in this situation:
- act as quickly as you can
- contact the Central Authority for your province or territory of residence for information on starting an application under The Hague Convention
- consult a lawyer in Canada and in Czechia to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
- report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children’s Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre
If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.
Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country’s judicial affairs.
- List of Canadian Central Authorities for the Hague Convention
- International Child Abduction: A Guidebook for Left-Behind Parents
- Travelling with children
- The Hague Convention - Hague Conference on Private International Law
- Canadian embassies and consulates by destination
- Emergency Watch and Response Centre
You must be at least 18 years old to drive in Czechia. You must carry an international driving permit.
Headlights must be on at all times. Winter tires are mandatory from November 1 to March 31.
All vehicles must have:
- a first-aid kit
- a warning triangle
- high-visibility vests, to be carried in the passenger compartment rather than in the trunk, for the driver and any passenger who leaves the vehicle in case of breakdown
An electronic vignette is required to travel on all major highways. You can buy this permit for a 10-day, 1-month or 1-year period:
- at highway gas stations
- at border crossings
Failure to display this permit may result in fines. All rental vehicles are provided with valid motorway permits.
Regulations can change from one municipality to another. Always check signage and be on the lookout for zone-specific regulations.
There is zero tolerance for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Penalties are severe. Convicted offenders can expect heavy fines or jail sentences.
- International Driving Permit
- Driving in Czechia - European Commission
- Electronic vignette - State Fund for Transport Infrastructure
Pedestrian traffic laws
Local authorities may fine pedestrians for violations such as jaywalking, crossing the street on a red light, or crossing the roadway at a non-designated location, particularly in Prague’s city centre.
Trams have the right of way over pedestrians, including at pedestrian crossings.
Before using public transportation, you must validate your ticket by using machines located on board or in the station.
You will receive a fine requiring immediate payment if an inspector carries out an inspection and:
- you don’t have a ticket
- your ticket has not been validated
- your ticket has expired
The currency of Czechia is the Czech koruna (CZK).
Non-official currency exchange is illegal. Plus, you are at risk of receiving counterfeit bills.
- Never exchange money with vendors on the street
- Use official exchange offices or banks only
If you are carrying €10,000 or more, or the equivalent in other currencies, you must make a declaration to customs when you enter or leave the European Union. It includes sums in:
- banknotes and coins
- bearer negotiable instruments such as cheques, travellers’ cheques, promissory notes and money orders
- bonds, shares
- gold coins with a gold content of at least 90 %
- gold bars, nuggets or clumps with a gold content of at least 99.5 %
- any other convertible asset
This does not apply if you are travelling within the European Union or in transit to a non-EU country.
EU cash controls - European Commission
Natural disasters and climate
Flooding and landslides
Heavy rains, particularly during spring and summer, can cause flooding and landslides. Roads may become impassable and infrastructure damaged.
- Exercise caution, particularly in areas around major rivers
- Stay informed of the latest regional weather forecasts
- Follow the advice of local authorities, including evacuation orders
Flood forecasting service - Czech Hydrometeorological Institute
Although rare, tornadoes may occur during summer. In June 2021, a powerful tornado caused widespread damage in South Moravia.
Forest fires may occur. The air quality in areas near active fires may deteriorate due to heavy smoke.
In case of a significant fire:
- stay away from affected areas, particularly if you suffer from respiratory ailments
- monitor local media for up-to-date information on the situation
- follow the advice of local authorities
Dial 112 for emergency assistance.
In Prague, a 24-hour police station dedicated to assistance to foreign victims of crime is located at Jungmannovo náměstí 9, near the Můstek metro station.
Prague - Embassy of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Czechia, in Prague, and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.
The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.
If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
Learn more about consular services.
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