Azerbaijan travel advice

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Risk level

Azerbaijan - Exercise a high degree of caution

Exercise a high degree of caution in Azerbaijan due to regular tensions in areas along the border between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Districts in the western part of Azerbaijan - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to the following districts, including those corresponding to the Nagorno-Karabakh region, due to the presence of unexploded ordnance and the unpredictable security situation:

  • Aghdam
  • Fuzuli
  • Jabrayil
  • Zangilan
  • Gubadli
  • Lachin
  • Khojali
  • Shusha
  • Khankendi
  • Khojavand
  • Kalbajar
  • Tartar

The Government of Canada’s ability to provide consular services in these regions is extremely limited.


Border with Armenia - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to within 5 km of the border with Armenia due to the volatile security environment and the risk of armed conflict.

    This advisory excludes the area within 1 km of the border between Armenia and the Azerbaijani Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan where you should avoid non-essential travel due to the risk of armed clashes.


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    Safety and security

    Districts in the western part of Azerbaijan

    Unexploded ordnance continue to pose a risk in areas of western Azerbaijan, including the Nagorno-Karabakh region, especially in the following districts:

    • Aghdam
    • Fuzuli
    • Jabrayil
    • Zangilan
    • Gubadli
    • Lachin
    • Khojali
    • Shusha
    • Khankendi
    • Khojavand
    • Kalbajar
    • Tartar

    You must have special travel permission from Azerbaijani authorities to enter these areas.  

    The Government of Canada’s ability to provide consular services in these regions is extremely limited.

    If you decide to travel to the Nagorno-Karabakh region and/or to districts in the Western part of Azerbaijan despite the advisory in effect:

    • be extremely vigilant in remote areas  
    • stay on paved and main roads 
    • don’t walk in fields  
    • avoid roadside ditches, shoulders and unmarked trails  
    • pay attention to signs indicating the possible presence of unexploded ordnance
    • report any suspicious items to local authorities  

    Border areas with Armenia

    The Government of Canada’s ability to provide consular services in areas along the Armenia-Azerbaijan international borders is extremely limited.

    The security environment remains highly volatile at the border between Azerbaijan and Armenia since the November 2020 ceasefire agreement ending the Second Karabakh War with Azerbaijan. The ceasefire observed by Russian peacekeepers remains in effect, but there have been numerous violations and tensions could resume at any time. 

    In 2023, Azerbaijan established a border checkpoint at a bridge at the entrance of the Lachin corridor at the border with Armenia. All other border crossings into Armenia are closed.

    Border areas with Armenia are subject to extremely dangerous military activities, such as:

    • mortar and artillery shelling
    • rocket fire
    • drone attacks
    • heavy gunfire

    If you choose to travel near the border with Armenia despite this advisory:

    • exercise caution at all times
    • avoid travelling at night
    • monitor local and international media to stay informed on clashes
    • follow instructions from local authorities and security forces


    Crime is relatively low. Most reported crimes involve burglary, assault or petty crime, such as pickpocketing.

    Thieves sometimes pose as police officers and demand that tourists pay on-the-spot fines. If faced with this situation, offer to follow the officer to the nearest police station to pay the fine.

    • Avoid walking alone after dark
    • Be careful in areas that attract large crowds and areas that are very isolated or dimly lit
    • Don’t carry large amounts of cash
    • Don’t display signs of affluence
    • Ensure that your belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times


    Credit card and ATM fraud occurs. Be cautious when using debit or credit cards:

    • pay careful attention when your cards are being handled by others
    • use ATMs located in well-lit public areas or inside a bank or business
    • avoid using card readers with an irregular or unusual feature
    • cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN
    • check for any unauthorized transactions on your account statements

    If you’re travelling to Azerbaijan to meet someone you’ve only met online, you may be the victim of a scam.

    More about overseas fraud

    Spiked food and drinks

    There have been incidents of drink spiking, resulting in victims being robbed.

    Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances. These items may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.


    Demonstrations take place from time to time.

    Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. Police may use force to suppress demonstrations.

    They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

    • Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
    • Follow the instructions of local authorities
    • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

    More about mass gatherings (large-scale events)


    There is a threat of terrorism. Terrorist attacks could occur at any time.

    Targets could include:

    • government buildings, including schools
    • places of worship
    • airports and other transportation hubs and networks
    • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

    Always be aware of your surroundings in public places.

    Stay at hotels that have robust security measures. Keep in mind, however, that even the most secure locations can’t be considered completely free of risk.

    Road Safety

    Highways and major city roads are well-maintained, but driving can still be dangerous due to poor driving standards and poorly maintained cars. Many drivers do not pay attention to speed limit, traffic rules and traffic signs. Insufficient street lighting and signage make travel dangerous outside of Baku. The risk increases on certain roads that are shared with pedestrians and livestock.

    Authorities don’t enforce traffic rules consistently.

    Pedestrians should exercise caution.

    Public transportation

    Buses are poorly maintained, often overcrowded and unsafe, particularly outside of Baku. Baku Metro is reasonably maintained and has basic safety equipment. Expect to see security cameras throughout the platforms and a police presence at each metro station, particularly at night.

    Only use officially marked taxis, which are metered, have seatbelts and are cheaper than unmarked taxis. Avoid shared taxis and unofficial taxis because passengers have been assaulted.

    If you must travel by train, store personal belongings in a safe place and don’t leave your compartment unattended. Ensure the door is secured from the inside.

    Air travel

    We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

    Information about foreign domestic airlines

    General safety information

    Tourist facilities are limited outside of the Absheron Peninsula, Baku, Lankoran and Quba.

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    Entry and exit requirements

    Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

    We have obtained the information on this page from the Azerbaijani authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

    Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada.


    Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

    Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

    Regular Canadian passport

    Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months beyond the date you expect to leave from Azerbaijan.

    Passport for official travel

    Different entry rules may apply.

    Official travel

    Passport with “X” gender identifier

    While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

    Other travel documents

    Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

    Useful links


    Canadians must be in possession of a visa to visit Azerbaijan.

    Tourist visa: Required

    Business visa: Required

    Student visa: Required

    Transit visa: Required

    If you plan to visit Azerbaijan, you must have a visa before arriving in the country. As a tourist, you can apply for an e-visa through Azerbaijan’s online visa portal. You should do so at least 3 days before your planned arrival date.

    E-visas are single entry and are valid for 30 days. If you require any other type of visa, you must apply for it from the Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan prior to departure.

    To obtain any type of visa, you must present a letter of invitation from a contact in Azerbaijan, such as an employer or educational institution. If you don’t have a contact in Azerbaijan, the invitation letter should be submitted by the travel agency in Azerbaijan.

    Azerbaijan’s online visa portal


    You must register with the State Migration Service within 15 calendar days of arrival if you intend to stay more than 15 days. Ensure that your passport is stamped with a residency stamp.

    Failure to register could result in a fine. You may be stopped from leaving Azerbaijan until the fine is paid.

    If you intend to stay in Azerbaijan for more than 30 days, you must obtain a temporary residence card or apply to extend your visa.

    State Migration Service


    You may need to obtain prior authorization from the Azerbaijan authorities to enter and/or exit the Nagorno-Karabakh region. You should contact the nearest embassy or consulate of Azerbaijan before you travel.

    Yellow fever

    Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

    Children and travel

    Learn more about travelling with children.

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    Relevant Travel Health Notices

    This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.

    Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.

    Routine vaccines

    Be sure that your routine vaccinations, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.

    Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

    Pre-travel vaccines and medications

    You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary. 

    Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements

    Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

    Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.


    • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

    Country Entry Requirement*

    • Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.


    • Vaccination is not recommended.

    * It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

    About Yellow Fever

    Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada

    Hepatitis A

    There is a risk of hepatitis A in this destination. It is a disease of the liver. People can get hepatitis A if they ingest contaminated food or water, eat foods prepared by an infectious person, or if they have close physical contact (such as oral-anal sex) with an infectious person, although casual contact among people does not spread the virus.


    Practise safe food and water precautions and wash your hands often. Vaccination is recommended for all travellers to areas where hepatitis A is present.

    Hepatitis B

     Hepatitis B is a risk in every destination. It is a viral liver disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another through exposure to blood and body fluids containing the hepatitis B virus.  Travellers who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) are at higher risk of getting hepatitis B.

    Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all travellers. Prevent hepatitis B infection by practicing safe sex, only using new and sterile drug equipment, and only getting tattoos and piercings in settings that follow public health regulations and standards.


    Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

    Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

    Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.


    Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

    It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.

    Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.


     The best way to protect yourself from seasonal influenza (flu) is to get vaccinated every year. Get the flu shot at least 2 weeks before travelling.  

     The flu occurs worldwide. 

    •  In the Northern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs from November to   April.
    •  In the Southern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs between April and   October.
    •  In the tropics, there is flu activity year round. 

    The flu vaccine available in one hemisphere may only offer partial protection against the flu in the other hemisphere.

    The flu virus spreads from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Clean your hands often and wear a mask if you have a fever or respiratory symptoms.


    In this destination, rabies is commonly carried by dogs and some wildlife, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal. While travelling, take precautions, including keeping your distance from animals (including free-roaming dogs), and closely supervising children.

    If you are bitten or scratched by a dog or other animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional. In this destination, rabies treatment may be limited or may not be available, therefore you may need to return to Canada for treatment. 

    Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who are at high risk of exposure (e.g., occupational risk such as veterinarians and wildlife workers, children, adventure travellers and spelunkers, and others in close contact with animals). 

    Safe food and water precautions

    Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.

    • Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
    • Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
    • Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs. 

    Travellers' diarrhea

    Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

    Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.

    The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.


    Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.

    Travellers visiting regions with a risk of typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation, should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.  

    Insect bite prevention

    Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:

    • Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
    • Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
    • Minimize exposure to insects
    • Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed

    To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.

    Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.

    Animal precautions

    Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.

    Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.

    Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.

    Avian Influenza

    Human cases of avian influenza have been reported in this destination. Avian influenza is a viral infection that can spread quickly and easily among birds and in rare cases it can infect mammals, including people. The risk is low for most travellers.

    Avoid contact with birds, including wild, farm, and backyard birds (alive or dead) and surfaces that may have bird droppings on them. Ensure all poultry dishes, including eggs and wild game, are properly cooked.

    Travellers with a higher risk of exposure include those: 

    • visiting live bird/animal markets or poultry farms
    • working with poultry (such as chickens, turkeys, domestic ducks)
    • hunting, de-feathering, field dressing and butchering wild birds and wild mammals
    • working with wild birds for activities such as research, conservation, or rehabilitation
    • working with wild mammals, especially those that eat wild birds (e.g., foxes)

    All eligible people are encouraged to get the seasonal influenza shot, which will protect them against human influenza viruses. While the seasonal influenza shot does not prevent infection with avian influenza, it can reduce the chance of getting sick with human and avian influenza viruses at the same time.

    Person-to-person infections

    Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette, which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:

    •  washing your hands often
    • avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
    • avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness 

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV, and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.  


    Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.

    For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.

    Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.

    High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.

    Medical services and facilities

    Good health care is only available in major cities. Medical facilities outside Baku are very limited.

    If you are travelling with prescription medication, check with the Azerbaijani embassy to ensure that your medication is legal in Azerbaijan. Carry a copy of your doctor’s prescription and the medication in its original packaging.

    Avoid older medical clinics, which often lack basic drugs and equipment and have poor hygiene standards. Some medical clinics require upfront payment in cash for treatment. Medical evacuation, which can be very expensive, may be necessary in the event of serious illness or injury.

    Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

    Travel health and safety

    Keep in Mind...

    The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

    Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

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    Laws and culture

    You must abide by local laws.

    Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.

    Illegal or restricted activities

    It is strictly forbidden to take pictures of military installations and equipment. Trespassing on military sites can lead to arrest. Visitors have been detained and questioned when attempting to photograph military bases, equipment and installations, all of which are considered sensitive.

    Promoting religion and trying to convert others are not permitted.


    Carry your passport at all times. Keep a photocopy of your passport in a safe place in case it’s lost or confiscated. If you are a resident, you must provide proof of residency status. Police checks in public areas are common. You could be fined if you fail to provide proper identification on request from an official.


    Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences of 3 to 7 years and/or heavy fines.

    Drugs, alcohol and travel

    2SLGBTQI+ travellers

    Azerbaijani law does not prohibit sexual acts between individuals of the same sex. However, homosexuality is not widely accepted in Azerbaijani society.

    Travel and your sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics

    Dual citizenship

    Azerbaijan doesn’t legally recognize dual citizenship for adults (those 18 or older).

    If local authorities consider you a citizen of Azerbaijan, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services. This will prevent us from providing you with those services.

    A citizen of Azerbaijan who has adopted citizenship of a foreign country needs to provide written information to the relevant Azerbaijani executive authority within a month. If you are in Azerbaijan, refer to the State Migration Service. If you are outside of the country, then refer to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. Persons who do not report will be punished with fines ranging from 3000 to 5000 manats and/or community works from 360 to 480 hours, in accordance with the Criminal Code of Azerbaijan.

    Canadians with Azerbaijani citizenship may be subject to national obligations, such as taxes and military service, and should check their status with the Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan to Canada prior to travelling.

    Military service is mandatory for male Azerbaijani citizens between the ages of 18 and 35. Those who have not completed their military service could face fines or arrest.

    General information for travellers with dual citizenship

    International Child Abduction

    The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. It does not apply between Canada and Azerbaijan.

    If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Azerbaijan by an abducting parent:

    • act as quickly as you can
    • consult a lawyer in Canada and in Azerbaijan to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
    • report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children's Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre

    If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.

    Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country's judicial affairs.

    Useful links


    You must carry an international driving permit.

    International Driving Permit

    There is zero tolerance for drinking and driving.

    Traffic stops are common. Always carry your licence, IDP, proof of insurance and vehicle registration.

    You must have the following documents in the car:

    • vehicle registration document
    • passport and driver’s licence
    • proof of insurance
    • first aid kit
    • proof that the car is roadworthy (check-up card)

    If you own a car, you must get an annual roadworthiness test done between January 1 and October 31. You will be given a check-up card each year after the inspection.

    Imports and exports

    Customs authorities strictly enforce regulations concerning the import or export of firearms, religious materials, pieces of art and antiquities.

    You must declare foreign currency upon entry. You can’t leave the country with more than you brought in.

    Dress and behaviour

    Azerbaijan is a secular state, but some people closely adhere to Islamic practices and beliefs.

    • Behave discreetly
    • Respect religious and social traditions to avoid offending local sensitivities

    In 2025, the lunar month of Ramadan is expected to begin on or around February 28.

    In public, between sunrise and sunset, be discreet when:

    • drinking
    • eating
    • smoking


    The currency of Azerbaijan is the Azerbaijani manat (AZN).

    The economy is mostly cash-based. Credit cards are accepted at banks in Baku and in major hotels and restaurants. Few establishments accept credit cards outside of Baku. Several ATMs in major cities dispense both U.S. dollars and Azerbaijani manat.

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    Natural disasters and climate

    Azerbaijan is in an active seismic zone.

    Heavy rains may trigger floods and landslides, but there are also periods of drought.

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    Need help?

    Local services

    Emergency services

    In case of emergency, dial:

    • police: 102
    • medical assistance: 103
    • firefighters: 101

    The Police Office of Crimes By and Against Foreigners offers service in English. You can reach the office at +944 12 590 9966.

    Consular assistance

    There is no resident Canadian government office in Azerbaijan.You can obtain consular assistance and further consular information from the Embassy of Canada in Ankara, Türkiye.

    Ankara - Embassy of Canada
    Street AddressCinnah Caddesi No. 58, Çankaya 06690, Ankara, TürkiyeTelephone90 (312) 409-2700Fax90 (312) 409-2712Emailankra-consular@international.gc.caInternet in TürkiyeTwitterKanada TürkiyeOther social mediaKanada Türkiye
    Consular district

    Azerbaijan, Georgia. Offering consular services to Canadians in Iran.

    Appointment Book your appointment online

    For emergency consular assistance, call the embassy of Canada in Ankara and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.


    The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

    The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

    If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

    Learn more about consular services.

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