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Montenegro - Exercise normal security precautions
There is no nationwide advisory in effect for Montenegro. Exercise normal security precautions.
The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The purpose of this Travel Advice is to provide up-to-date information to enable you to make well-informed decisions.
Area bordering Kosovo and southern border
You should exercise caution in the border area with Kosovo and avoid all areas of security force activities along the southern border. The only official entry/exit point into Kosovo is the Kula pass (Rozaje-Pec road).
The incidence of street crime is similar to that elsewhere in Europe, particularly in large urban centres. Pickpocketing may occur on public transportation and in other public places.
Four-wheel-drive and luxury vehicles are targeted by car thieves more than other models. Use common sense in determining the need to drive with car windows closed and doors locked.
Demonstrations occur from time to time, especially in the vicinity of official buildings. Avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings, follow the advice of local authorities and monitor local and international media.
Most roads are poorly maintained and secondary roads are narrow. The Moraca Canyon road is dangerous due to poor road conditions and traffic congestion. Expect delays due to road construction.
Public transportation is congested. Railway equipment is old. Trains are slow and often subject to delays. A number of companies offer domestic and international bus services. The larger firms have modern, well-maintained fleets.
Use only officially marked taxis and negotiate fares in advance.
Do not expect safety standards to be the same as in Canada.
General safety information
Ensure that your personal belongings, passports and other travel documents are secure at all times, particularly on public transportation and in large crowds or public markets. Do not show signs of affluence or carry large sums of money.
Dial 122 for police, 123 for fire fighters and 124 for ambulance.
Roadside assistance is available by calling 19807.
It is the sole prerogative of each country or region to determine who is allowed to enter. Canadian consular officials cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet entry requirements. The following information on entry and exit requirements has been obtained from the Montenegrin authorities. However, these requirements are subject to change at any time. It is your responsibility to check with the Embassy of the Republic of Montenegro based in Washington, D.C. (U.S.A.) for up-to-date information.
Official (special and diplomatic) passport holders must consult the Official Travel page, as they may be subject to different entry requirements.
Canadians must present a passport to visit Montenegro, which must be valid for at least six months beyond the date of expected departure from that country. Prior to travelling, ask your transportation company about its requirements related to passport validity, which may be more stringent than the country's entry rules.
You should obtain an entry and exit stamp in your passport when entering and leaving Montenegro. Enter Montenegro only through recognized border crossings.
If you intend to stay in private accommodations, you must register with local police immediately upon arrival. Failure to do so may result in a fine, incarceration or expulsion from the country.
Canadians travelling to Montenegro do not require visas for stays of up to 90 days.
Children and travel
Children need special documentation to visit certain countries. See Children for more information.
See Health to obtain information on this country’s vaccination requirements.
- Measles: Global Update - July 16, 2015 09:48 EDT
Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world. Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Yellow Fever Vaccination
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
|* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.|
|Country Entry Requirement*|
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Southern Europe, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Southern Europe. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Insects and Illness
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Some infections found in Southern Europe, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Medical services and facilities
Medical care is not up to Western standards. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws & culture
Laws & culture
You are subject to local laws. See Arrest and detention for more information.
Carry adequate identification at all times such as your passport. Keep a photocopy of your passport in case of loss or seizure.
Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Montenegro. If local authorities consider you a Montenegrin citizen, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services, thereby preventing Canadian consular officials from providing you with those services. You should travel using your Canadian passport and present yourself as Canadian to foreign authorities at all times to minimize this risk. Citizenship is determined solely by national laws, and the decision to recognize dual citizenship rests completely with the country in which you are located when seeking consular assistance. See Travelling as a dual citizen for more information.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are strict. Convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.
Photography of military or police installations, vehicles and personnel is prohibited, unless authorized by Ministry of Defence.
An International Driving Permit is recommended. Always carry identification and vehicle registration papers.
Drivers of vehicles bearing foreign licence plates must pay insurance. Road tolls must be paid in local currency. Montenegrin Government introduced an eco-tax for using road vehicles. Foreign nationals must pay the tax when entering Montenegro by car. The fee is determined according to the make and size of the vehicle. The eco-sticker obtained upon payment of the tax is valid for one year and must be displayed on the inside of the front windscreen in the upper right hand corner.
Posted speed limits are strictly enforced. There have been incidents where police target vehicles with foreign plates, often demanding immediate cash payment for alleged traffic violations. If you are stopped, request a full explanation and, if an explanation is not forthcoming, ask permission to speak to the Embassy of Canada in Belgrade.
The use of headlights and seatbelts is mandatory at all times, and the use of a cellular telephone while driving is prohibited.
Penalties for drinking and driving are strict. The legal blood alcohol limit is 0.05 percent.
While Montenegrin law forbids discrimination based on sexual orientation, homosexuality is not widely accepted by Montenegrin society. Visitors are advised to exercise discretion.
The currency of Montenegro is the euro (EUR).
The economy is largely cash-based. Banking facilities are limited, but automated banking machines (ABMs) are spreading rapidly throughout the country and provide the easiest access to local currency. More and more hotels, restaurants and shops accept credit cards.
When crossing one of the external border control points of the European Union (EU), you must make a declaration to customs upon entry or exit if you have at least €10,000 or the equivalent in other currencies. For Montenegro, this amount is restricted to €2,000. The sum can be in cash, cheques, money orders, traveller’s cheques or any other convertible assets. This does not apply if you are travelling within the EU or in transit to a non-EU country. For more information on the EU legislation and links to EU countries’ sites, visit the web page of the European Commission on cash controls.
Natural disasters & climate
Natural disasters & climate
Montenegro is located in an active seismic zone.
There is no resident Canadian government office in Montenegro. You can obtain consular assistance and further consular information from the Embassy of Canada in Belgrade, Serbia.
Belgrade - Embassy of Canada
For emergency assistance after hours, call the Embassy of Canada in Belgrade, Serbia and follow the instructions.
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