COVID-19: travel health notice for all travellers
Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip travel advice
Latest updates: The Health section was updated - travel health information (Public Health Agency of Canada)
Last updated: ET
On this page
- Risk level
- Safety and security
- Entry and exit requirements
- Laws and culture
- Natural disasters and climate
- Need help?
Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip - Exercise a high degree of caution
Exercise a high degree of caution in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip as the security situation may change rapidly.
Gaza Strip - AVOID ALL TRAVEL
Avoid all travel to the Gaza Strip, due to :
- continuing conflict between Israel and Gaza Strip-based terrorists, such as Hamas
- the possible resumption of armed hostilities
If you travel to the Gaza Strip, you may be unable to leave.
West Bank - AVOID NON-ESSENTIAL TRAVEL
Avoid non-essential travel to the West Bank, excluding Ramallah, Jericho and Bethlehem, due to the unpredictable security situation.
Border with Gaza Strip - AVOID NON-ESSENTIAL TRAVEL
Avoid non-essential travel to the Israeli border with the Gaza Strip, due to the risk of rocket and mortar fire, gunfire and military activity.
Border with Syria - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to the parts of the Golan Heights that border Syria, that is, east of Highway 98, due to increased militant and Israel Defense Forces activity. This risk level excludes of the urban communities of Buq’ata, Majdal Shams and Mas’ada, where you should exercise a high degree of caution.
Border between Israel and Egypt - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to areas within 5 km of the border between Israel and Egypt, as the security situation could deteriorate rapidly. This includes Highway 10 and portions of Highway 12 near the border. This risk level excludes the town of Eilat, where you should exercise a high degree of caution.
Border with Lebanon - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to within 500 metres of the border with Lebanon, due to military activity.
Jerusalem - Exercise a high degree of caution
Exercise a high degree of caution in Jerusalem due to the potential for rapid deterioration of the security environment, instances of politically motivated attacks and violence in parts of the city, and the potential for protests and clashes between protestors and local authorities in East Jerusalem and parts of the Old City.
Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah - Exercise a high degree of caution
Exercise a high degree of caution in the West Bank cities of Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah, as the security situation can change rapidly.
Safety and security
Clashes resulting in casualties have been increasingly taking place in the Gaza Strip. Hostilities between the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and terrorist groups, including Hamas, in the Gaza Strip could resume and the security situation could deteriorate with little or no notice.
- Remain aware of your surroundings
- Avoid large gatherings
- Stay informed of the security situation
- Monitor the media for information on ongoing protests
- Follow instructions from the IDF’s Home Front Command
The Government of Canada’s ability to provide consular services to Canadians in the Gaza Strip is limited.
The security situation along the Mediterranean coast of the Gaza Strip remains dangerous. Since May 2010, Israeli security forces have intercepted attempts to breach Israel’s naval blockade. These incidents have resulted in deaths, injuries, arrests and deportations. You are strongly advised against participating in any attempt to break the naval blockade. Canadian officials may not be able to provide you with consular assistance if you choose to do so. Participants may be detained by Israeli officials prior to their deportation. In cases of deportation, local authorities are not obliged to notify the Canadian embassy in Tel Aviv nor the Representative Office of Canada in Ramallah.
Regional safety instructions - Israel’s Home Front Command
Border areas with Israel are particularly dangerous.
Rocket and mortar launches, gunfire and military activity occur in the areas of Israel surrounding the Gaza Strip with little or no warning. Cities and towns within 40 km of the Gaza Strip, such as Ashdod and Beersheva, are most likely to suffer material damages and casualties.
Border crossings to and from the Gaza Strip are controlled by Israeli and Egyptian authorities. They are subject to unexpected, sometimes long-term closures. You may not be able to exit the Gaza Strip even if you are in possession of valid entry and exit permits.
There is a high risk of kidnapping in the Gaza Strip and foreigners may be targeted. Maintain a high level of vigilance at all times.
Border with Syria
Do not travel east of Highway 98, except to the urban communities of Buq’ata, Mas’ada and Majdal Shams, and do not approach the Israeli barrier in the Golan Heights that borders Syria.
Increased militant activity close to the Israeli barrier in the Golan Heights, including the use of improvised explosive devices, and attempts to penetrate the barrier from the Syrian side, make the area extremely dangerous.
Cross-border gunfire could occur without warning. As well, the IDF conduct military operations in the area.
Border between Israel and Egypt
The security situation could deteriorate rapidly, specifically on Highway 10 between the Sayarim Valley and the Kerem Shalom border crossing, and on Highway 12 between Eilat and the Netafim border crossing.
The highways are subject to closure by Israeli authorities without warning. Attacks occur and the area is dangerous. Some areas are not properly fenced.
Be particularly aware of your surroundings and do not venture close to the border. Monitor local media to determine where military activity is occurring and avoid these areas.
Border with Lebanon
Israel and Lebanon have not agreed on an international border. The United Nations enforces the “Blue Line,” which separates the two countries but has not been fully demarcated. Areas adjacent to the Blue Line are often heavily mined. The areas of Ghajar, Kfar Shouba Hills and Shebaa Farms are inaccessible and the border with Lebanon is closed.
Protests and demonstrations have become common in East Jerusalem and parts of the Old City, many of which lead to clashes between protestors and local authorities, particularly at the Haram al-Sharif / Temple Mount on Fridays. Jerusalem has also seen an increased number of attacks targeting civilians.
There is increased police presence in some areas of Jerusalem, and security forces are on heightened alert.
- Exercise a high degree of caution at all times.
- Avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings, as they may turn violent without notice.
- Monitor news reports and follow the instructions of local authorities.
During periods of imposed movement restrictions and on religious holidays, exacerbated tensions can lead to security incidents.
- Avoid travel to the Old City on Fridays and during periods of exacerbated tensions
- Travel in groups and dress conservatively at all times
Demonstrations can occur in religious neighbourhoods and sometimes result in clashes between residents and the local police. Traffic may also be disrupted.
West Bank (excluding Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah)
Several West Bank cities have experienced violent demonstrations and civil unrest, which have led to clashes between Israeli and Palestinian Authority security services. The situation remains unpredictable.
Maintain a high level of vigilance and personal security awareness, monitor local developments and follow the advice of local authorities.
Tensions in some areas of the West Bank are high. Violent clashes, demonstrations and military operations occur. There are periodic Israeli security operations targeting individuals in cities and villages throughout the West Bank, particularly in:
- refugee camps
It is not possible to travel without passing through multiple Israeli military checkpoints, where there may be a greater threat of violent confrontations. Areas in the vicinity of the barrier separating Israel and the West Bank are particularly high-risk. Travel only during the daytime and do not stay in the West Bank overnight.
Clashes may occur between Israeli settlers and Palestinians.
If you are travelling to the West Bank despite this advice, ensure that you have appropriate security measures in place to protect yourself. You should also have alternate travel arrangements in case of a rapid deterioration in the security situation.
- Carry your passport at all times
- Register and maintain contact with the Representative Office of Canada in Ramallah
- Keep a low profile
- Monitor local news reports and follow the advice of local authorities
Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah (West Bank)
Although violence is not as common in Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah, there have been violent incidents, including clashes involving Palestinians, the IDF and Palestinian Authority security forces.
The potential for political demonstrations and military incursions is high, and heightened security measures have been put in place.
- Exercise a high degree of caution
- Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
- Follow the instructions of local authorities
- Monitor local media
While hostilities between Israel and Hezbollah forces were suspended following the 2006 conflict, stability in the northern region of Israel could deteriorate rapidly and without notice.
Rockets fired from Lebanon into northern Israel have reached Hadera, Haifa, Kiryat Shmona, Nazareth, Shlomi and other northern cities. There is strong potential for future incidents.
There is a threat of terrorism. Since late March 2022, there has been an increase in deadly attacks targeting civilians throughout Israel. Tensions are likely to continue for some time.
Terrorist incidents causing numerous deaths and injuries have occurred in a variety of locations, including :
- Tel Aviv
Further attacks are likely.
Targets could include:
- government buildings, including schools
- places of worship
- airports and other transportation hubs and networks
- public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners
Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places. Be particularly vigilant during sporting events, public celebrations and religious holidays, such as:
- Rosh Hashanah
- Yom Kippur
- Pesach (Passover)
Terrorists may use such occasions to mount attacks.
Politically motivated violence
Politically motivated violence has occurred throughout Israel, Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Previous incidents resulting in injury and death include:
- random stabbings
- vehicle ramming
- stone throwing at vehicles
Expect tighter security measures and an increased security presence in Jerusalem’s Old City, in East Jerusalem and throughout Israel.
Maintain a high level of vigilance and personal security awareness at all times.
Police and security forces are on heightened alert.
Exercise a high degree of caution when using public transportation and after incidents of violence, at public funerals and during religious holidays.
Following incidents of politically motivated violence, the Government of Israel may establish checkpoints without warning. Avoid crossing checkpoints on foot, or in a Palestinian public bus.
Exercise caution in public places, such as open markets and bus stations, stay informed of the security situation, monitor local news reports and follow the advice of local authorities.
Cities across Israel may be targeted by rocket fire from the Gaza Strip.
Rockets fired from the Gaza Strip have reached Hadera, Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, and have also struck close to Haifa, located approximately 150 km north of the Gaza Strip border.
Rocket fire from Egypt, Lebanon and Syria has targeted, respectively, Eilat, northern Israel and the Golan Heights. Follow safety advice and instructions from the IDF’s Home Front Command.
Regional safety instructions - Israel's Home Front Command
The crime rate is moderate in Israel but low in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Vehicle theft is a serious problem. Always lock car doors and keep windows closed.
Thefts occur on public beaches.
Ensure that your wallet, money and valuables are out of sight, particularly in large crowds and public markets.
Violent crime is rare.
Planned and unplanned demonstrations regularly occur in Israel, Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Exercise particular caution if demonstrations take place around areas such as settlements, checkpoints or military zones.
- Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
- Follow the instructions of local authorities
- Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations
Mass gatherings (large-scale events)
Live landmines are present in certain areas, including parts of the West Bank and along Israel’s borders. Some minefields have not been clearly marked or fenced.
Walk only on established roads or trails.
Exercise a high degree of caution when using public transportation, as terrorist and politically motivated violence has occurred.
There is a risk of traffic fatalities due to erratic driving habits and frequent accidents.
During periods of religious holidays, monitor local news reports for changes to checkpoint and border-crossing hours of operation.
West Bank and Gaza Strip
The use of Israeli public buses in the West Bank (also known as “settlement buses”) and in Israel, other than the East Jerusalem Palestinian bus system and the Jerusalem Light Rail Train isn’t recommended.
Many of the roads in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank are of poor quality. During the winter months, precipitation can cause driving conditions to deteriorate and may result in road closures
Access to the West Bank is controlled by the IDF through a series of military checkpoints. Even if you have a valid visa and authorization to enter the West Bank, there is no guarantee that the vehicle will be allowed to pass through security checkpoints. You may also be stopped for security checks by Palestinian Authority police within their jurisdiction. If you are planning to enter the West Bank with a rented vehicle, verify your insurance coverage and permissions with your car rental agency.
General safety information
Carry your passport at all times and register with the Embassy of Canada to Israel in Tel Aviv.
There are frequent disruptions in telephone, power and water services in the Gaza Strip.
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
Information about foreign domestic airlines
Travellers using Israeli airlines should expect enhanced security screening procedures, which may result in delays.
Entry and exit requirements
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the authorities of Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Israel, the West Bank or the Gaza Strip.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Passport with “X” gender identifier
While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.
Tourist visa: not required for stays up to 90 days
Business visa: not required
Student visa: not required
Work visa: required (must be arranged by Israeli employer)
The Government of Israel issues an entry card on arrival.
The Government of Israel tightly controls checkpoint crossings within the West Bank and to the Gaza Strip.
Security-related closures can severely restrict entry to and exit from these areas, even for persons possessing valid entry and exit permits. Limited hours of operation, unannounced travel restrictions and extended closures often result in large crowds gathering, which may elevate risks to personal safety.
The Canadian embassy’s ability to intervene may be limited in these situations.
Canadians who were born outside Israel to a mother or father who is an Israeli citizen may be considered citizens of Israel. Israeli law requires Israeli citizens to enter and exit the country on an Israeli passport, and to show proof of military status upon arrival. If you are unsure of your Israeli citizenship and/or your military status, verify it through the Embassy of Israel to Canada or an Israeli consulate before leaving Canada.
If you are a Canadian of Palestinian descent, be aware of border control policies affecting entry to and exit from Israel, Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip prior to travel, as you may be subject to Government of Israel travel regulations for Palestinians. Anyone registered in the Government of Israel’s West Bank or Gaza Strip population registry as a resident of the West Bank or the Gaza Strip is not permitted to enter Israel via Ben Gurion International Airport and must do so only via Jordan at the Allenby (King Hussein) Bridge, near Jericho. Canadians of Palestinian descent born in the West Bank or Gaza after 1967 will be registered in the Government of Israel’s West Bank or Gaza Strip population registry.
This policy may also be applied to Canadians born in Arab states or those holding dual Canadian-Arab state citizenship. In these cases, travellers will be asked to enter and exit Israel on their Arab passport.
Travel to and from West Bank
The West Bank is divided into three administrative divisions, which fall under varying degrees of administrative and security control between Palestinian and Israeli authorities.
Israel controls entry to and exit from the West Bank. In some circumstances, you may be denied entry into the West Bank by Israel. Contact Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the closest Israeli embassy for more information.
Ensure that you have the proper and up-to-date identification, travel documentation and authorization if you are travelling to or residing in the West Bank.
Travel to and from Gaza Strip
Entry to and exit from the Gaza Strip is severely restricted.
Palestinian-Canadians should note that they are permitted to enter and exit the Gaza Strip only through the Rafah border crossing into Egypt, when it is open. Non-Palestinians are generally not permitted to use this crossing.
Travel to and from Jordan
Entry visas are available at the Arava (Wadi al ’Arabah in Arabic) crossing near Eilat in the south and at the Jordan River (Sheikh Hussein Bridge) crossing near Beit She’an in the north.
Canadian passport holders may also cross at the Allenby (King Hussein) Bridge crossing near Jericho. Visas must be obtained before the date of crossing as they cannot be obtained at the crossing point.
Canadians have been denied entry into Lebanon, Syria and other countries because their passports bore an Israeli visa, an Israeli border stamp or an Egyptian or Jordanian border stamp issued by an office bordering Israel (such a stamp would indicate that the traveller entered from Israel).
Health entry requirements
Israeli officials may screen passengers arriving on international flights for the H1N1 flu virus.
Other entry requirement
Proof of a return ticket is required.
Children and travel
Learn more about travelling with children.
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
Relevant Travel Health Notices
- Global Measles Notice - 5 April, 2023
- COVID-19 and International Travel - 17 March, 2023
- Polio: Advice for travellers - 19 May, 2023
This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.
Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.
Be sure that your routine vaccinations, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.
Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Pre-travel vaccines and medications
You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary.
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.
Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.
Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.
It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.
Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
In this destination, rabies may be present in some wildlife species, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal.
If you are bitten or scratched by an animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional.
Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who will be working directly with wildlife.
Polio (poliomyelitis) is an infectious disease that can be prevented by vaccination. It is caused by poliovirus type 1, 2 or 3. Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus 2 (cVDPV2) is present in this country.
Polio is spread from person to person and through contaminated food and water. Infection with the polio virus can cause paralysis and death in individuals of any age who are not immune.
- Be sure that your polio vaccinations are up to date before travelling. Polio is part of the routine vaccine schedule for children in Canada.
- One booster dose of the polio vaccine is recommended as an adult.
Safe food and water precautions
Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.
- Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
- Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs.
Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.
Travellers visiting regions with a risk of typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation, should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that typically causes fever, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, skin rash and eye infection. The disease is spread through direct contact with urine from infected animals or with urine-contaminated water, soil, or food.
Leptospirosis is a risk in this country, especially when participating in freshwater activities (e.g., swimming, rafting), being in areas with poor sanitation, or having close contact with animals, especially rodents. Most travellers are at low risk. There is no vaccine available for leptospirosis. Travellers at high risk may wish to consult a health care professional about pre-exposure antibiotics.
Insect bite prevention
Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:
- Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
- Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
- Minimize exposure to insects
- Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed
To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.
Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.
Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.
Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.
Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette, which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:
- washing your hands often
- avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
- avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV, and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.
Medical services and facilities
Modern medical care is available in Israel and Jerusalem. Standards are generally comparable to those in Canada, but they are lower in several hospitals in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Medical treatment can be very expensive, and payment in advance is often required.
There is a decompression chamber at Yoseftal Medical Center in Eilat.
Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs, as well as drinking and driving, are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and fines.
Ask permission before photographing people in Muslim or Orthodox Jewish areas. Do not take photographs of military or police personnel or installations.
You must declare and register video cameras and laptop computers, among other items, with Israeli authorities on entry to ensure that they can be exported with you on departure. If you are carrying these items, you must go through the red zone at customs.
Security officials at Ben Gurion International Airport may prohibit you from carrying a laptop computer in the passenger cabin on international flights from Israel. Laptops are frequently sent separately to their destinations. Be aware that the equipment may be lost or damaged; consider whether you need to travel with a laptop computer when departing from Ben Gurion International Airport.
Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Israel.
If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Israel, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.
Travellers with dual citizenship
International Child Abduction
The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. The convention applies between Canada and Israel.
If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Israel, and if the applicable conditions are met, you may apply for the return of your child to the Israeli court.
If you are in this situation:
- act as quickly as you can
- contact the Central Authority for your province or territory of residence for information on starting an application under The Hague Convention
- consult a lawyer in Canada and in Israel to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
- report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children’s Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre
If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.
Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country’s judicial affairs.
- List of Canadian Central Authorities for the Hague Convention
- International Child Abduction: A Guidebook for Left-Behind Parents
- Travelling with children
- The Hague Convention - Hague Conference on Private International Law
- Canadian embassies and consulates by destination
- Emergency Watch and Response Centre
The Palestinian Authority recognizes dual citizenship. However, Canadian officials may be limited in their ability to provide you with consular services if local authorities consider you a Palestinian citizen.
You should travel using your Canadian passport and present yourself as Canadian to foreign authorities at all times to minimize this risk, unless there are legal requirements to use Palestinian travel documents, for example to enter and exit the country
In 2024, the lunar month of Ramadan is expected to begin on or around March 10.
In the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, between sunrise and sunset, refrain from:
Business transactions are considerably slower during Ramadan. Traffic congestion may also increase significantly during the pre-sunset hours.
Dress and behaviour
Assaults on visitors travelling in cars on Shabbat, from Friday sundown to Saturday sundown, or who are immodestly dressed have occurred in Jerusalem’s Old City and ultra-Orthodox Jewish neighbourhoods.
To avoid offending local sensitivities:
- dress conservatively
- behave discreetly
- respect religious and social traditions
The work week is from Sunday to Friday in Israel and Jerusalem, and from Sunday to Thursday in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Common-law relationships are not recognized.
The Gaza Strip’s law prohibits sexual acts between individuals of the same sex. Other related offences include being in a same-sex marriage.
2SLGBTQI+ travellers should carefully consider the risks of travelling to the Gaza Strip.
Travel and your sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics
Vehicles with Palestinian licence plates are not permitted to enter Israel.
You should carry an international driving permit.
The currency is the new Israeli Shekel (ILS).
Credit cards are not widely accepted in the Gaza Strip.
The Jordanian dinar (JOD) is widely accepted throughout the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
ATMs are available, but may not accept Canadian cards.
Natural disasters and climate
Israel, Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip are located in an active seismic zone. There have been no major earth tremors in recent years.
Sandstorms occur in spring and summer.
Flooding is common during the winter and may result in road closures.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 100
- medical assistance: 101
- firefighters: 102
Tel Aviv - Embassy of Canada
Ramallah - Representative Office of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the the Representative Office of Canada in Ramallah or the Embassy of Canada to Israel, in Tel Aviv, and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.
The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.
If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
Learn more about consular services.
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