When travelling, you may be at risk for a number of vaccine preventable illnesses. Over time, the protection provided through vaccination against many illnesses may decrease. Your risk of getting certain diseases may also increase.
You should consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel. This provides an opportunity to:
- review your immunization history
- make sure you are up-to-date according to your provincial/territorial immunization program
- discuss any health concerns you may have related to your trip
- assess your needs based on where you plan to travel and what you plan to do
Additional vaccines may be recommended depending on your age, planned travel activities and local conditions. Remember that preventing disease through vaccination is a lifelong process.
What vaccines may be recommended?
Your health care provider may recommend that you get vaccinated against one or more of these diseases prior to travel:
- chicken pox (varicella)
- flu (influenza)
- German measles (rubella)
- Haemophilus influenzae type b disease (Hib)
- hepatitis A
- hepatitis B
- human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Japanese encephalitis
- meningococcal disease
- pneumococcal disease
- tick-borne encephalitis
- typhoid fever
- whooping cough (pertussis)
- yellow fever
What vaccines may be required?
- It’s always best to consult with an embassy or consulate of your destination country in Canada for up-to-date information on entry and exit requirements before travelling abroad.
- Some countries require proof that you have received a yellow fever vaccination, documented on an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis before allowing you to enter the country. Without such proof, you may be refused entry, quarantined or vaccinated.
- Some countries may require additional vaccinations before you arrive.
- Keep your family’s immunization records in a safe and accessible place and carry copies when you travel.
- If your destination country requires proof of yellow fever vaccination, you must carry the original International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis. Keep a copy of this certificate at home.
- Sickness or injury
- Country travel advice and advisories
- If you get sick after travelling
- Receiving medical care in other countries
- Travel insurance
- Well on your way - a Canadian’s guide to healthy travel abroad
- Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)
- Recommended Immunization Schedules, PHAC
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