Cholera in Africa and Western Asia (Yemen)

Updated: July 31, 2017


What is Cholera?

Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection that is caused by ingesting food or water that has been contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.  Cholera causes watery diarrhea and can quickly lead to severe dehydration.  In severe cases it can lead to death if left untreated.

Cholera is endemic in many countries around the world.  Every year there are between 1.3 to 4 million cases of cholera, with between 20 000 to 140 000 deaths.  Travellers to tourist areas that practise safe food and water precautions and good hand hygiene are at low risk.

Why should you be concerned?

The World Health Organization has confirmed outbreaks of cholera in the following countries:

How can you protect yourself from Cholera?

Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.

Find out if there is a risk of cholera in the country you are visiting.

Follow strict food and water precautions while travelling in outbreak areas.

Wash your hands frequently

Consider getting vaccinated

If you develop severe diarrhea and/or vomiting while travelling or after you return to Canada

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