Hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones and monsoons

COVID-19 and hurricane season

Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, we advise Canadians to avoid non-essential travel outside Canada.

If you are already outside Canada or must travel despite our advisory, be prepared and read COVID-19: Your safety and security outside Canada

The pandemic may affect your planning for hurricane season this year. Give yourself extra time to prepare your emergency supply kit. Follow the physical distancing recommendations and other COVID-19 measures in place at your destination. Find out whether local public shelters are open and whether they have moved because of the pandemic.

On this page

What they are and when they occur

Tropical cyclones are called hurricanes, typhoons or cyclones depending on where they occur.

Monsoons are heavy seasonal rains that occur in parts of East, South and Southeast Asia, Oceania, and western sub-Saharan Africa. They take place at different times of the year, depending on the region. Check our Travel Advice and Advisories to find out when monsoons occur in your destination country.

How they affect travel

Hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones and monsoons produce strong winds and rain and can be very dangerous when you are travelling or living abroad.

They can cause high waves, storm surges, flash floods and landslides that result in significant loss of life and damage to infrastructure. They can also severely disrupt essential services such as medical care, transportation, power distribution, telecommunications networks, and supplies of water, food and fuel.

These storms can cause severe damage along the coast and even inland. Some areas, including small islands, may be cut off for extended periods of time. 

You may have to wait for a long time for flights to resume and roads to reopen. The Government of Canada may be unable to help you.

Prepare for a storm

Be prepared during hurricane season - Transcript

If you are currently in a hurricane-prone area make sure to take the necessary precautions:

  • Check our Travel Advice and Advisories for up-to-date information on your destination
  • Register with us to receive important updates
  • Stay up-to-date through our social media
  • Monitor local media for the latest weather forecasts, including warnings and advisories

If there is a hurricane, typhoon or cyclone alert in your area, get ready:

  • Make a plan in case you have to evacuate and learn how to stay safe
  • Gather emergency supplies and prepare an emergency supply kit
  • Make sure your travel insurance covers trip cancellation or interruption in case of a hurricane
  • Stay in touch with your family and friends so they are aware of your situation
  • Make sure you have emergency phone numbers on hand

For more information, visit:

If you live in or are travelling to a region where these major storms are common:

Be informed 

Before you leave

While you're there

How to get ready for a storm

During a storm

If there is a hurricane, typhoon or cyclone alert in your area, take steps to get ready and know how to stay safe. Listen for alerts on TV and radio, or check for them online.

In most parts of the world, there are two kinds of alerts:

Follow the advice of local authorities about whether you should stay in your hotel or accommodation, or evacuate. If driving conditions are dangerous, staying in place might be safer than leaving.

If you have to stay in your hotel or accommodation:

If you have to evacuate:

After a storm

Even after you get an official message that the storm is over, there can still be danger and safety hazards in your area. Stay safe:

Let your family and friends in Canada know you are safe.

Related links 

Other resources 

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