COVID-19 Travel: Checklists for requirements and exemptions

Who can come to Canada

Foreign nationals who don't qualify as fully vaccinated will only be allowed to enter in specific circumstances:

Find out if you can enter Canada

Travel requirements and exemptions

Travellers entering Canada, regardless of citizenship, must follow testing and quarantine requirements to keep everyone safe.

Under certain circumstances, you may be exempt from some requirements.

Filter by keywords for your work roles or personal situations, then open the options that appear.

All eligible fully vaccinated travellers

Check if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, and follow the steps for you and for accompanying children and dependents.
Entering Canada as a fully vaccinated traveller

If you recently recovered from COVID-19, you may also be exempt from the pre-entry and arrival test requirements.

Already recovered from COVID-19

If you are now symptom-free, you can provide proof of a positive COVID-19 molecular test when crossing the border, instead of a negative one.

  • After August 9, 2021: The test must have been conducted at least 14 and no more than 180 days before:
    • the initial scheduled departure time of your aircraft, or
    • your entry into Canada by marine or by land

You may also be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Exempt from negative pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test

Amateur sports

A person who enters Canada to take part in an international single sport event that has been authorized by the Deputy Minister of Canadian Heritage (a high-performance athlete or someone engaged in an essential role in relation to that event, affiliated with a national organization responsible for that sport), as long as the person complies with any conditions imposed on them to minimize the risk of introduction or spread of COVID-19

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Boaters - arriving by marine

Check if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, and follow the steps for you and for accompanying children and dependents.
Entering Canada as a vaccinated traveller

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test

For more information on reporting and border clearance, consult:

Reporting requirements for private boaters

Children and families

Children who are under 5 years of age

These exemptions apply only to the child, not to the parents, guardians or family travelling together.

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test

Children who are 5 on the day of their travel are not exempt from testing requirements

Children may also be exempt from quarantine if they are accompanied by fully vaccinated travellers.

Unvaccinated children under age 12

Unvaccinated children under the age of 12 must follow all testing and quarantine requirements, unless they are accompanied by someone who qualifies for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption:

Unvaccinated youth age 12 through 17

Unvaccinated youth aged 12 through 17 must follow all testing and quarantine requirements, whether or not they are accompanied by someone who qualifies for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Follow the requirements for unvaccinated travellers

Unvaccinated adult dependents

Unvaccinated dependents by reason of mental or physical limitation must follow all testing and quarantine requirements, even when they are accompanied by a parent or guardian who qualifies for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Follow the requirements for unvaccinated travellers

Cross-border custody arrangements - arriving by land

  • A dependent child who enters Canada under the terms of a written agreement or court order regarding custody, access or parenting
  • A driver of a vehicle who enters Canada to drop off or pick up a dependent child under the terms of a written agreement or court order regarding custody, access or parenting, as long as the driver only leaves the vehicle while in Canada, if at all, to escort the dependent child to or from the vehicle and they wear a mask while outside the vehicle
  • A driver of a vehicle who enters Canada after dropping off or picking up a dependent child under the terms of a written agreement or court order regarding custody, access or parenting, as long as the driver only left the vehicle while outside Canada, if at all, to escort the dependent child to or from the vehicle and they wore a mask while outside the vehicle

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Cross-border custody arrangements - arriving by air

A dependent child who enters Canada under the terms of a written agreement or court order regarding custody, access or parenting

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Families

Children under the age of 12 may also be exempt from quarantine if they are accompanied by someone that qualifies for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

There are no other special exemptions for people travelling as a family.

Crew members and armed forces

Crew members

Crew members that cross the border while performing their duties or for the immediate purpose of performing their duties

  • A crew member as defined in subsection 101.01(1) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations or a person who enters Canada only to become such a crew member
  • A member of a crew as defined in subsection 3(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations or a person who enters Canada only to become such a crew member

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Crew members re-entering after training

Members of a crew for any conveyance who are re-entering Canada after having left to undertake mandatory training relating to the operation of a conveyance

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test

You may also be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Canadian Forces

A member of the Canadian Forces who enters Canada for the purpose of performing their duties

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Visiting forces

A member of a visiting force as defined in section 2 of the Visiting Forces Act, who enters Canada for the purpose of performing their duties as a member of those forces

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Visiting force air crew

Visiting force air crew entering Canada for the purpose of performing mission-essential duties as a member of that force

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Cross-border workers and trans-border communities

Includes remote cross-border and geographically conststrained communities.

Frequent cross-border workers

Persons who must cross the border regularly to go to or return from their normal place of employment, including critical infrastructure workers (Energy and Utilities, Information and Communication Technologies, Finance, Health, Food, Water, Transportation, Safety, Government and Manufacturing). Unless you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, you must not directly care for persons 65 years of age or older within the first 14 days after your entry to Canada.

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Integrated trans-border community

A person who enters Canada within the boundaries of an integrated transborder community that exists on both sides of the Canada-United States border and who is a habitual resident of that community, if entering Canada is necessary for carrying out an everyday function within that community; such as buying groceries or gas when the community access is in Canada, such as the Akwesasne community.

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Residents of specific border communities

A habitual resident of:

  • Alaska who enters Canada via Yukon to get to another place in Alaska, or to return to their place of residence as long as they remain in their vehicle while passing through Canada
  • Northwest Angle, Minnesota who enters Canada to transit through to mainland USA or return to their place of residence as long as they remain in their vehicle while passing through Canada
  • Point Roberts, Washington transiting through Canada to return to their habitual residence or to access the mainland United States

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test

You may also be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

A habitual resident of:

  • Campobello Island, New Brunswick who enters Canada after having entered the United States to carry out everyday functions within neighbouring communities that are in the United States
  • Hyder, Alaska who enters Canada to carry out everyday functions within neighbouring communities
  • Northwest Angle, Minnesota who enters Canada to carry out everyday functions within neighbouring communities
  • Point Roberts, Washington who enters Canada to carry out everyday functions within neighbouring communities
  • Stewart, British Columbia who enters Canada after having entered the United States only to access necessities of life from the closest American community where such necessities of life are available

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Returning to habitual place of residence in Canada

A person who enters Canada if the entry is necessary to return to their habitual place of residence in Canada after carrying out an everyday function (such as getting groceries, going to work, or seeing a doctor) that, due to geographical constraints, must involve entering the United States.

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Denied entry - turned back

Air traveller denied entry to another country

Canadian citizens, permanent residents of Canada and persons registered under the Indian Act, who were denied entry to a country or territory and who must subsequently board a flight destined to Canada (direct back)

Exempt from pre-entry test

You may also be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Land border crossing

A person who enters Canada in a vehicle at a land border crossing in the following circumstances, as long as the person or passengers remained in the vehicle while outside Canada:

  • the person was denied entry to the United States at the land border crossing
    or
  • the person entered the territory of the United States but did not seek legal entry to the United States at the land border crossing

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Diplomatic visas

Diplomatic or consular couriers

Diplomatic, official and courtesy visas - an accredited person and a person holding a D-1, O-1, or C-1 visa entering Canada to take up a post and become an accredited person, and immediate family members of those persons

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test

You may also be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Drivers - Essential services

Persons in the trade or transportation sector who are important for the movement of goods or people, including truck drivers, who cross the border while performing their duties or for the purpose of performing their duties

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Essential services - trade, technicians, emergency...

Essential service providers as determined by the Chief Public Health Officer:

Trade and transportation

Persons in the trade or transportation sector who are important for the movement of goods or people, including truck drivers and crew members on any aircraft, shipping vessel or train, and that cross the border while performing their duties or for the purpose of performing their duties

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Technicians or specialists

Technicians or specialists specified by a government, manufacturer, or company, who enter Canada as required for the purpose of maintaining, repairing, installing or inspecting equipment necessary to support critical infrastructure (Energy and Utilities, Information and Communication Technologies, Finance, Health, Food, Water, Transportation, Safety, Government and Manufacturing) and are required to provide their services within 14 days of their entry to Canada and have reasonable rationales for the immediacy of the work and the inability to plan for a 14 day quarantine. Supervising, training, or attending meetings would not meet the conditions of this exemption.

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Emergency services

  • Firefighters, peace officers, and paramedics, who return from providing such services in another country and are required to provide their services within 14 days of their return to Canada
  • Persons permitted to work in Canada under paragraph 186(t) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations who enter for the purpose of providing those services

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Law enforcement, border enforcement, immigration enforcement, or correctional officers

  • Employees of the Government of Canada or a foreign government, including border services officers, immigration enforcement officers, law enforcement and correctional officers, who are escorting individuals travelling to Canada or from Canada pursuant to a legal process such as deportation, extradition or international transfer of offenders
  • Officials of the Government of Canada, a provincial or a foreign government, including law enforcement, border enforcement, and immigration enforcement officers, who enter Canada for the purposes of law, border or immigration enforcement, or national security activities that support active investigations, ensure continuity of enforcement operations or activities, or transfer information or evidence pursuant to, or in support, of a legal process, and who are required to provide their services within 14 days of entry and have reasonable rationales for the immediacy of the work and the inability to plan for a 14 day quarantine

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Canadian Forces

A member of the Canadian Forces who enters Canada for the purpose of performing their duties

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Commercial or research fishing vessels

A person, including a captain, deckhand, observer, inspector, scientist and any other person supporting commercial or research fishing-related activities, who enters Canada aboard a Canadian fishing vessel or a foreign fishing vessel, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Coastal Fisheries Protection Act, for the purpose of carrying out fishing or fishing-related activities

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Open water aquaculture-related activities

Persons, including a captain, deckhand, observer, inspector, scientist, veterinarian and any other person supporting commercial or research open water aquaculture-related activities, who enter Canada for the purpose of carrying out aquaculture-related activities, including fishing, transporting fish to and from the aquaculture facility, treating fish for pests or pathogens, repairs, provisioning of aquaculture-related vessels or aquaculture facilities or exchange of crew and who proceed directly to an open water facility or vessel upon entry to Canada

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Repatriating human remains

Commercial conveyance operators repatriating human remains into Canada

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Vessels engaged in research

A person who seeks to enter Canada on board a vessel, as defined in section 2 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, that is engaged in research and that is operated by or under the authority of the Government of Canada or at its request or operated by a provincial government, a local authority or a government, council or other entity authorized to act on behalf of an Indigenous group, as long as the person remains onboard the vessel

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Funerals, compassionate travel and caring for others

Entering Canada for compassionate reasons

You can apply for limited release from quarantine if you are entering Canada for funerals or to provide compassionate care or support to others. Service standard for a response is 7 days.

You may be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

If you do not qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, you will need to apply for compassionate entry and/or limited (temporary) release from quarantine.

Medical and health care

Health care practitioners

A licensed health care practitioner with proof of employment in Canada who enters for the purpose of performing their duties as a licensed health practitioner.

Unless you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, you must not directly care for persons 65 years of age or older within the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the licensed practitioner enters Canada.

Note: Unless they qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, a health care practitioner who leaves Canada to visit family in another country, for example, is not exempt from quarantine when they re-enter Canada.

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Leave for medical treatment and return to Canada

Persons who must leave and return to Canada to receive essential medical treatment or services in another country.

For individuals who require medical treatment or services (for example, life-saving treatment) outside of Canada, they must have:

  • upon leaving Canada, written evidence from a licensed health care practitioner in Canada indicating treatment or services outside Canada are essential; and
  • upon return to Canada, written evidence from a licensed health care practitioner in the foreign country indicating treatment or services were provided in that country

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

If you’re the person requiring medical treatment, you may have 1 person accompany you if:

  • you’re a minor or dependent child or
  • you require assistance in accessing the essential medical services or treatment

The accompanying person must meet entry requirements for their return to Canada. They would also be exempt from pre-entry test requirements and quarantine, but will still be required to:

  • follow local public health guidance
  • wear a mask when in public, and
  • keep a list of close contacts for the 14-day period after arrival

Enter Canada to receive medical treatment

A person who enters Canada for the purpose of receiving essential medical treatment or services within 36 hours of entry, other than for treatment or services related to COVID-19.

They must, remain under medical supervision for the 14-day period that begins on the day on which they enter Canada.

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Medical evacuation

Persons who board a medical evacuation flight for medical purposes if the urgency of the medical situation does not permit a COVID-19 molecular test to be administered to the person before boarding the aircraft for the flight to Canada.

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test

Student in a health field

A person permitted to work in Canada as a student in a health field under paragraph 186(p) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations who enters Canada for the purpose of performing their duties as a student in the health field. Unless you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, you must not directly care for persons 65 years of age or older within the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person enters Canada.

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Medical services, transport or deliveries

A person who enters Canada for the purpose of providing medical care, transporting or collecting essential medical equipment, supplies or means of treatment (for example, to personally donate organs/tissues/cells or persons carrying stem cell deliveries), or delivering, maintaining or repairing medically-necessary equipment or devices.

Unless they qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller, they must not directly care for persons 65 years of age or older within the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person enters Canada.

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Students, cross-border students and people driving them

International students

A student who:

  • attends school regularly in another country and travels home to Canada occasionally, or at the end of a semester
  • enters Canada to study and live in Canada while they study

You may be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Student studying in Canada - not staying overnight

For students who live in the United States but study in Canada and don't stay overnight when they cross the border.

The student must:

  • be enrolled at an approved designated learning institution in Canada
  • travel to that institution regularly (one or more days a week)
  • only be entering Canada to go to that institution

Designated learning institution

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

The student's driver who:

  • is picking up the student who is exempt from quarantine
  • enters Canada only to drop off or pick up the student who is attending an approved designated learning institution in Canada
  • only leaves the vehicle to escort the student to or from the institution while in Canada
  • wears a well constructed, well fitted mask while outside the vehicle in Canada
  • is not staying overnight in Canada

Designated learning institution

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Examples:

  • You live in Sault Ste Marie, Michigan, U.S and cross daily to attend school in Sault Ste Marie,Ontario, Canada. Your parent drives you to school and picks you up every day. You are both exempt from pre-arrival testing, quarantine and arrival testing.
  • You attend school in British Columbia and stay in residence during the school week. You went home to the U.S. for the weekend and your parent drives you back to school. You and your parent are not exempt from testing or quarantine because you are not crossing the border regularly to attend school.

Student studying in the United States - not staying overnight

For students who live in Canada but study in the United states and don't stay overnight when they cross the border.

The student must:

  • be enrolled at an educational institution in the United States
  • travel to that educational institution regularly (one or more days a week)
  • be entering Canada to return to their place of residence after attending that educational institution
  • not directly care for persons 65 years of age or older within the 14-day period beginning on the day they enter Canada, unless they qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

The student's driver who:

  • is picking up the student who is exempt from quarantine
  • enters Canada after dropping off or picking up the student at the educational institution in the United States where the student is enrolled
  • enters Canada to return to their place of residence
  • only leaves the vehicle while outside Canada to escort the student to or from the institution
  • wears a well constructed, well fitted mask while outside the vehicle
  • is not staying overnight in the United States

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Example:

  • You live in Sault Ste Marie, Ontario, Canada and cross daily to attend school in Sault Ste Marie, Michigan, U.S. Your parent drives you to school and picks you up every day. You are both exempt from pre-arrival testing, quarantine and arrival testing.

Student in a health field

A person permitted to work in Canada as a student in a health field under paragraph 186(p) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations who enters Canada for the purpose of performing their duties as a student in the health field. Unless you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, they must not directly care for persons 65 years of age or older within the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person enters Canada

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Foreign Workers

You may be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Transit through Canada or to/from Alaska

Transiting passengers who are only flying through Canada to reach another country

For requirements, see Transit to another country by air.

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Driving to or from Alaska through Canada

For requirements, see Driving to or from Alaska.

Habitual residents of Alaska who drive through Yukon

Habitual residents of Alaska who drive through Yukon to get to another part of Alaska or return to their place of residence are exempt from pre-entry and arrival testing. You must remain in your vehicle while passing through Canada.

Exempt from pre-entry test
Exempt from arrival test
Other special circumstances

By invitation

A person who enters Canada at the invitation of the Minister of Health for the purpose of assisting in the COVID-19 response

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

National interest

A person or any person in a class of persons whose presence in Canada is determined by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration or the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness to be in the national interest, must comply with any conditions imposed on them by the relevant Minister to minimize the risk of introduction or spread of COVID-19.

A person or member of a group whose presence in Canada, as determined by the Minister of Health, is in the national interest, must comply with all conditions imposed on them by the Minister of Health to minimize the risk of introduction or spread of COVID-19.

Provincial and territorial projects

A person who, under an arrangement entered into between the Minister of Health and the minister responsible for health care in the province where the person enters Canada, is participating in a project to gather information to inform the development of quarantine requirements other than those set out in this Order, as long as the person complies with any conditions imposed on them by the Minister of Health to minimize the risk of introduction or spread of COVID-19

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Refugee Protection

Persons who enters Canada from the United States for the purpose of making a claim for refugee protection

You may also be exempt from quarantine if you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

Exempt from pre-entry test

Extraordinary and unforeseen circumstances

  • Exigent hardship consular cases for Canadian citizens, permanent residents, or persons with status under the Indian Act, as determined by the Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Disaster response support as determined by the Minister of Transport or Minister of Public Safety

Exempt from arrival test
Exempt from Day-8 test
Exempt from quarantine

Unvaccinated and all others

Entering Canada by air or at a land border crossing

Meet these requirements if you are eligible to enter Canada, and do not qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, or other special exemptions for your situation.

Medical conditions that prevent you from being vaccinated

Unvaccinated travellers over the age of 12 are not required to quarantine upon entering Canada if they meet the following conditions:

  • have a medical contraindication for getting a COVID-19 vaccine, and
  • comply with the public health measures outlined in the handout provided to them at the border

Exempt from quarantine

For more information, go to the List of Acts and Regulations and look for information on the Quarantine Act, the Emergency Orders, and the Chief Public Health Officer (CPHO) Group Exemptions that may apply.

List of Acts and Regulations

For help interpreting the exemptions or if you have additional questions about the Emergency Order:

Contact the Public Health Agency COVID-19 information line

Requirements for exempt travellers

There are strict requirements you must follow even if you are exempt from quarantine.

You must:

Signs and symptoms of COVID-19

Although your reason for entering Canada may fall under an exemption, you may still have to follow certain provincial and territorial restrictions (which may include quarantine), depending on your destination.

Provincial and territorial travel restrictions

Crossing the border for work: documents you may need

It is the traveller’s responsibility to demonstrate that they are eligible to enter Canada, including if they qualify for an exemption from mandatory testing or quarantine measures.

Government representatives at the border use the information available at the time of entry to determine what instructions will be provided to a traveller regarding their public health obligations.

Travellers must meet the relevant criteria to be considered an essential service provider under the Emergency Orders. They may be exempt from the mandatory requirements if they meet the relevant criteria and they are entering for the purpose of that function. Travellers who are exempt from quarantine as essential service providers, are workers whose job is included in the Chief Public Health Officer Group Exemption list.

When you enter Canada, a government representative will ask questions and consider multiple factors, including supporting documents and your previous travel history. They may ask for:

Final determination for exemptions is made at the port of entry based on the information presented at the time of entry.

This information is based on the Orders in Council (OIC) in effect and is subject to change according to effective dates. For more information consult:
COVID-19 Emergency OIC's in effect

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