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COVID-19 – Global travel advisory
Effective date: March 13, 2020
Avoid non-essential travel outside Canada until further notice.
This advisory overrides other risk levels on this page, with the exception of any risk levels for countries or regions where we advise to avoid all travel.
Lebanon - Exercise a high degree of caution
Exercise a high degree of caution in Lebanon due to an unpredictable security situation and the risk of terrorist attack.
Southern suburbs of Beirut - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to the southern suburbs of Beirut, due to the presence of armed groups and the risk of violence from organized crime, kidnappings and threat of terrorist attacks. This includes the following areas:
- from south of the Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium to the airport perimeter
- west and east (until Old Saida Road) of the main airport highway, specifically the neighbourhoods of:
- Bourj el Barajneh
- Chiyah (south of Hassan Kani road and west of the Old Saida Road)
- Haret Hraik
The main highway to the airport and the airport itself are excluded from this advisory.
Tariq el Jdideh and Bir Hasan - Avoid non-essential travel
Avoid non-essential travel to the neighbourhoods of Tariq el Jdideh and Bir Hasan in the southern suburbs of Beirut, due to an unpredictable security situation.
North Lebanon - Avoid non-essential travel
Avoid non-essential travel to the following parts of North Lebanon, due to an unpredictable security situation:
- North Governorate, including:
- Akkar District
- Miniyeh-Danniyeh District
- from Tripoli to Miryata, the area north of the Tripoli-Danniyeh Road, up to the limits of the Miniyeh-Danniyeh District
- the cities of Miryata, Majdalaiya, Zghorta, Rachiine and Achach
In Tripoli, the area west of Bechara El Khoury and Abdul Latif El Bissaf is excluded from this advisory only when accessed from the main highway coming from the south.
Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jabal Mohsen - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to the neighbourhoods of Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jabal Mohsen in Tripoli due to the presence of armed groups and the high risk of sporadic violence.
Border region with Syria - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to within 10 km of the border with Syria, due to landmines, unexploded ordnance and ongoing armed conflict.
North Eastern Bekaa Valley - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to the North Eastern Bekaa Valley, due to the presence of armed groups and the high risk of sporadic violence. This area encompasses:
- the area west, east and north of Baalbeck, bounded in the west by the Baalbeck-Qaa highway and the border with Syria in the east and the north
- the area east and north of Hermel, up to the border with Syria, bounded by the Hermel-Ras Baalbeck Road and the Qasr-Hermel Road
- the cities of Aarsal, Hermel, Labweh, Qaa and Ras Baalbek
Rayak, Brital and Baalbek - Avoid non-essential travel
Avoid non-essential travel to Rayak, Brital and Baalbek (with the exception of the historic site of the Baalbek temples) due to an unpredictable security situation.
Palestinian refugee camps - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to Palestinian refugee camps and surrounding areas, due to the high risk of sporadic violence.
South of the Litani river - Avoid all travel
Avoid all travel to south of the Litani River, near the border with Israel, due to military activity. Historical and tourist sites in the city of Tyre and the main coastal highway from the Litani River to Tyre are excluded from this advisory.
Safety and security
COVID-19 - Preventative measures and restrictions
Preventative measures and restrictions are in place. Starting on January 14, 2021, a 24-hour curfew will be in effect. You must wear a face covering in public.
If you violate the restrictions, you could be fined or detained for endangering public health.
- Follow the instructions of local authorities, including those related to physical distancing
- Avoid crowded areas
Disaster Risk Management Unit at the Presidency of the Council of Minister – Government of Lebanon (in Arabic only)
Southern suburbs of Beirut
Armed groups, including Hezbollah, are present in large parts of Beirut’s southern suburbs. These neighbourhoods are targets for organized crime and terrorist attacks causing deaths and injuries. Tactics used by terrorists include car bombing, suicide bombing and rocket fire. There is also a risk of kidnapping and being caught in violent clashes between armed groups.
Roadblocks and demonstrations are also common; the latter may turn violent with little notice. When incidents occur, monitor local news reports, avoid affected areas and follow the instructions of local authorities.
While Lebanese security forces have conducted operations in northern Lebanon to improve the security situation, some parts of the region remains unstable. Avoid all travel in the neighbourhoods of Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jabal Mohsen, in Tripoli, which have experienced inter-communal violence that can spread to outlying areas. Heavy weapons fire (machine guns, grenades and rocket-propelled grenades), sniper activity and terrorist incidents have occurred.
Extremists have sought refuge in northern Lebanon, including throughout Akkar District.
Border region with Syria
The security situation in regions bordering Syria has deteriorated as a result of the ongoing conflict. Armed groups such as Hezbollah, Al-Nusra Front and Daesh, as well as the Lebanese and Syrian military have carried out operations resulting in deaths and injuries. Tensions between armed groups have also increased in border areas, resulting in kidnappings (see Kidnapping, below) and violent clashes.
The border is not always clearly marked.
North Eastern Bekaa Valley
The security situation in the North Eastern Bekaa Valley is volatile and there is an ongoing risk of sporadic violence, organized crime, and kidnapping.
Palestinian refugee camps
The security situation in Palestinian refugee camps and surrounding areas remains tense and unpredictable. Violence is common in some camps—particularly Ain el Helweh, near Saida, and Beddawi, near Tripoli.
Refugee camps are often located close to urban centres and are not always visibly demarcated. Exercise caution and remain aware of your whereabouts at all times in order to avoid unknowingly entering a camp. Palestinians control security in most camps and may delay or prevent Canadian officials from assisting Canadians in these areas.
Areas south of Litani River
The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) maintains additional peacekeepers south of the Litani River near the border with Israel as a result of the unresolved border situation. This region remains highly militarized and volatile. Rocket launches and border incidents occasionally occur, provoking retaliatory attacks in this region and elsewhere in Lebanon, and causing injury and death.
Forces other than the Lebanese authorities exert significant control over parts of this region. Access restrictions may delay or prevent Canadian officials from providing assistance to citizens in these areas.
Lebanon and Israel have not agreed on an international border. UNIFIL enforces the Blue Line, which separates the two countries but has not been fully demarcated. Areas adjacent to the Blue Line are often heavily mined. The areas of Ghajar, Kfar Shouba Hills and Shebaa Farms are inaccessible from Lebanon. The border with Israel is closed.
If you are travelling to the city of Tyre, use only the main coastal highway. Please note that travel permits from Lebanese authorities and/or UNIFIL may be required in order to enter areas south of the Litani River that border Israel.
The security situation in Lebanon is unpredictable. Pre-existing sectarian tensions, coupled with the spillover of the conflict in Syria, are playing a destabilizing role in Lebanon.
There is a threat of terrorist attacks, which could occur at any time and any place in Lebanon, including in areas frequented by foreigners, such as hotels, cafes, restaurants and bars, markets, tourist and religious sites, large outdoor events, shopping centres and supermarkets.
Security officials are on a high state of alert and carry out anti-terrorism operations across the country to prevent attacks.
Terrorist attacks on specific individuals or groups as well as targeting densely populated areas increase potential collateral risk to civilian areas. Bombings, grenade attacks, political assassinations, gun battles and vehicle explosions in commercial and residential districts in Lebanon have caused numerous deaths and injuries, particularly during the violence spike of 2013-14 in Beirut. The potential for such attacks and a rapid deterioration of the security situation remain across the country, including in Beirut. On November 12, 2015, two suicide bombers detonated explosive devices targeting the Hezbollah stronghold in Beirut’s southern suburbs, killing 43 people and injuring hundreds.
Forces other than Lebanese authorities exert a large amount of control in some areas and they may delay or prevent Canadian officials from providing assistance to Canadians. Most notably, Hezbollah is headquartered in the southern suburbs of Beirut and maintains a strong presence in southern Lebanon, the northern Bekaa Valley and several other areas.
Explosion in Beirut
On August 4, 2020, two strong explosions originated from the port of Beirut, creating extensive infrastructure damage. There remains a risk of falling debris in downtown Beirut, particularly in the areas of Gemmayzeh and Mar Mikhael.
Demonstrations have been taking place in Beirut and across the country since October 2019.
Demonstrations against the government may continue to take place in Martyr’s Square in Beirut and in the vicinity of several government buildings, in response to the August explosions in the port of Beirut.
Further sporadic demonstrations are expected to continue. People have been injured during violent incidents. Major roads and highways can become blocked with little to no notice both in Greater Beirut and throughout the country.
There is a shortage of US Dollars in Lebanon. Foreign debit/credit cards have been blocked from withdrawing US Dollars from ATMs. Most ATMs have been stocked with Lebanese Pounds. Credit cards continue to be accepted in many shops and restaurants, but they are increasingly asking for cash payments. If you plan to bring US Dollars with you to Lebanon, respect CBSA regulations on declaring foreign currency.
- Be extremely vigilant
- Limit your movements if you’re in an area where demonstrations are taking place
- Allow extra time to get to and from the airport
- Follow the instructions of local authorities
- Monitor local media for the latest information
More on travelling outside of Canada with foreign currency – Canada Border Services Agency
Avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings and monitor local media.
Planned and spontaneous demonstrations related to the domestic and regional situations regularly occur in Lebanon, particularly in Beirut. Some demonstrations have led to roadblocks, burning tires and firing weapons. Security forces have erected checkpoints and barricades to manage protests and used water cannons, tear gas and live ammunition to disperse crowds. Further demonstrations could occur.
The road to Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport is subject to sporadic closure, due to various factors including local sectarian clashes, civil unrest in Syria and protests against government policies. Access to the airport can be unavailable for extended periods when the security situation deteriorates.
Monitor current developments closely when travelling within Lebanon, as local conditions may change rapidly and without warning, compromising your mobility and safety. You should also observe all warnings issued by Lebanese authorities and take appropriate precautions.
Kidnappings have occurred in the border areas with Syria and in the Bekaa Valley. In the southern suburbs of Beirut, foreigners and residents have been held against their will. Maintain a high level of vigilance at all times. Although most incidents of kidnapping typically involve Lebanese residents, foreigners have also been kidnapped.
Landmines and unexploded ordnance continue to pose a threat in some parts of the country, including south of the Litani River and near the northeastern border region, despite progress in demining activities. Watch for posted landmine warnings, stay on paved roads and avoid walking or hiking in these areas.
Street crime, such as purse snatching and pick pocketing, car thefts and residential break-ins, can occur. Violent crime and sexual assault are rare but can occur. Exercise vigilance and appropriate safety precautions.
Congestion and aggressive driving are serious problems throughout the country, where drivers have little regard for traffic laws.
Road accidents and serious road rage incidents causing injury or death are common in Lebanon.
Road lighting is sporadic and unreliable in urban areas and virtually non-existent in rural areas. At night, many drivers use their high beams exclusively, often creating a serious hazard due to blinding glare.
Mountain roads may be affected by fog, heavy snow, ice and other hazardous conditions during winter months.
Lebanese drivers are unaccustomed to sharing the road with bicycles, and it is rare to see cyclists around the country. Exercise a high degree of caution if cycling.
Pedestrians should be extremely careful at all times.
Avoid public transportation, which is crowded, unsafe and unreliable. Do not use shared or “service” taxis. Uber is illegal in Lebanon, and Lebanese authorities advise that it is not safe to use the service. Foreigners using shared transportation have been victims of armed robbery, either by the driver or other passengers.
Always pre-arrange transportation with a safe and reliable taxi company, do not hail taxis off the street and avoid using any unmarked taxi services. Most major hotel chains will have an agreement with a reputable taxi company and can arrange the taxi for you.
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
General information about foreign domestic airlines
General safety information
Ensure that your personal belongings and passports and other travel documents are secure. Keep photocopies of all your documents in safekeeping facilities.
There is a highly visible security presence throughout the country. Carry personal documentation with you and obey the instructions of Lebanese security authorities.
COVID-19 - Entry, exit and transit restrictions and requirements
In an attempt to limit the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), most governments have implemented special entry and exit restrictions and requirements for their territory. While some countries have started to ease some of these measures, most remain in place.
Before travelling, verify if the local authorities of both your current location and destinations have implemented any specific restrictions or requirements related to this situation. Consider even your transit points, as many destinations have implemented strict transit rules which could disrupt your travel.
These could include:
- entry bans, particularly for non-residents
- exit bans
- quarantines of 14 days or more upon arrival, some in designated facilities, at your own cost
- health screenings and certificates as well as proof of adequate travel health insurance
- travel authorization documents to be obtained before you travel
- border closures
- airport closures
- flight suspensions to/from certain destinations, and in some cases, all destinations
- suspensions or reductions of other international transportation options
Additional restrictions can be imposed suddenly. Airlines can also suspend or reduce flights without notice. Your travel plans may be severely disrupted, making it difficult for you to return home. You should not depend on the Government of Canada for assistance related to changes to your travel plans.
- Monitor the media for the latest information
- Contact your airline or tour operator to determine if the situation will disrupt your travel plans
- Contact the nearest foreign diplomatic office for information on destination-specific restrictions
Foreign diplomatic offices in Canada – Global Affairs Canada
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Lebanese authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Lebanon.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.
Canadians must be in possession of a visa to visit Lebanon. Visas are available at Lebanese diplomatic missions abroad or at any port of entry into Lebanon.
Make sure your visa is valid for the duration of your stay. An expired entry visa must be extended by Lebanese authorities or you will not be allowed to leave the country.
In order to exit the country, your passport must show a Lebanese entry stamp. Persons who acquire a new passport while in Lebanon must present their old passport containing proof of entry to authorities upon departure.
When local courts issue travel bans, the authorities at points of exit are instantly informed and will not allow a person to exit Lebanon, regardless of their nationality.
Find out more about travel bans.
Travel to or from Israel is illegal in Lebanon. Canadians may be arrested, detained, questioned and refused entry into Lebanon if their passport bears an Israeli visa, an Israeli border stamp or an Egyptian or Jordanian border stamp issued by an office bordering Israel, as such a stamp could indicate the traveler has been to Israel).
South of the Litani River
Travel permits from Lebanese authorities and/or UNIFIL may be required to enter areas south of the Litani River bordering Israel.
Children and travel
Children travelling with only one parent may be required to provide an authorization letter from the other parent to exit Lebanon.
More about travelling with children
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
- Pandemic COVID-19 all countries: avoid non-essential travel outside Canada - January 16, 2021
- Global Measles Notice - July 23, 2019
Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.
Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.
Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.
Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (e.g., are children, have an occupational risk, or in close contact with animals, including free roaming dogs in communities).
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
About Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Western Asia, food and water can also carry diseases like cholera, hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Western Asia. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.
Travellers visiting regions with a risk typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.
Insects and Illness
In some areas in Western Asia, certain insects carry and spread diseases like chikungunya, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, malaria, Rift Valley fever, and West Nile virus.
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in Western Asia, like avian influenza and rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)
Cases of locally-acquired Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) have been reported in this country.
MERS is a viral respiratory disease caused by the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).Some people infected with MERS-CoV experience no symptoms, while others may experience mild flu-like or more severe pneumonia-like symptoms. Some cases can result in death.
Eat and drink safely, and avoid close contact with animals, especially camels. If you must visit a farm or market, make sure you practise good hygiene and wash your hands before and after contact with animals. There is currently no vaccine to protect against MERS.
Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds, the flu and other illnesses.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.
Medical services and facilities
Modern medical care facilities and supplies are widely available in Beirut and its surrounding areas. Such facilities are not always available in outlying areas. Medical services can be very expensive, and payment in advance is almost always required.
Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.
Travel health and safety
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
Child custody and travel bans
Canadian custody documents, including Canadian court orders pertaining to custody, are not recognized in Lebanon. Family law matters in Lebanon, including child custody and divorce-related decisions, are settled according to local religious laws. If you are involved in custody or other family disputes, consult a lawyer for advice on how religious law in Lebanon may affect your family situation.
Authorities may prevent family members from leaving Lebanon, even if they are Canadian citizens or dual nationals. Relatives (mainly spouses and grandparents) frequently place travel bans on Canadians, including married women, children and mothers with children, to prevent them from leaving Lebanon. The legal process of removing a travel ban is complicated, requires rigorous legal representation and can take months or years. Lebanese courts rarely rule to remove or overturn a travel ban, even if the subject has been a victim of abuse or if their life is in danger. The Government of Canada cannot prevent or overturn the issue of a travel ban (or stop order) on a Canadian citizen.
Illegal or restricted activities
It is prohibited to photograph or videotape government buildings or military personnel, equipment and installations. Canadians have been detained for questioning after taking photographs in areas with a Hezbollah presence. In such situations, Canadian officials may face delays and obstacles in providing assistance.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are strict. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and heavy fines. Individuals charged with drug offences can expect to remain in jail and to be denied bail while judicial authorities prepare their case for prosecution. This process often takes years.
An International Driving Permit is required.
Ensure your travel insurance is valid for driving in Lebanon.
Lebanon’s law prohibits sexual acts between individuals of the same sex. Some areas and neighborhoods may appear more tolerant; however, any behavior or perceived behavior between persons of the same sex may result in arrest or detention. LGBTQ2 travellers should carefully consider the risks of travelling to Lebanon.
General safety information and advice for LGBTQ2 travellers abroad
Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Lebanon.
If local authorities consider you a citizen of Lebanon, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services. This will prevent us from providing you with those services.
General information for travellers with dual citizenship
Canadians of Lebanese descent carrying Lebanese identification documents will be treated as Lebanese nationals by security officials. Dual Canadian-Iraqis, -Palestinians and -Syrians may face additional questioning.
Dress and behaviour
The dress code in Lebanon is more relaxed than in most Middle Eastern countries. Nonetheless, you should dress conservatively, behave discreetly and respect religious and social traditions to avoid offending local sensitivities.
During the lunar month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim calendar), use discretion when drinking, eating, and smoking in public between sunrise and sunset. In 2021, Ramadan is expected to begin on or around April 12.
The currency is the Lebanese pound (LBP). Most establishments will accept payment in U.S. dollars but may return change in LBP. Credit cards are widely accepted in hotels, restaurants and shops. Traveller’s cheques are not accepted and will not be changed by local financial institutions.
ATMs are widely available in Lebanon. Use ATMs located inside, or adjacent to, bank branches for greater security and to be able to retrieve a lost card faster.
Natural disasters and climate
Lebanon is located in a seismic zone. There have been several minor earthquakes in recent years.
In the winter months, mountain roads, including the main Beirut–Damascus highway, may be temporarily blocked or become impassable due to heavy snowfall. Flash floods can occur, rendering roads temporarily dangerous or impracticable.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 112
- medical assistance: 140
- firefighters: 175
To limit the spread of COVID-19, the Embassy of Canada in Beirut is temporarily closed for in-person visits. If you need consular assistance, contact the Embassy by email or telephone.
Beirut - Embassy of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada in Beirut and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad. In the event of a large-scale emergency, every effort will be made to provide assistance. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
See Large-scale emergencies abroad for more information.
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