Dengue in Burkina Faso
Released: November 23, 2017
What is the dengue situation in Burkina Faso
There is a risk of dengue in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Dengue occurs in urban and semi-urban areas and there is a higher rate of transmission during the rainy season.
The World Health Organization has reported over 9 000 (suspected, probable or confirmed) cases and 18 deaths of dengue in Burkina Faso in 2017. The majority of cases reported are in the central region especially in the capital city of Ouagadougou.
What is dengue?
Dengue is a disease spread to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. Symptoms can take up to 2 weeks to develop after you are bitten. Symptoms of dengue start suddenly with a high fever in combination with two or more of the following symptoms:
- severe headache
- pain behind the eyes
- muscle and joint pain
- swollen glands or
Warning signs of progression to severe dengue include persistent vomiting, severe abdominal pain, bleeding from the nose or gums and difficulty breathing.
In severe cases, dengue can be fatal.
There is no vaccine or medication available in Canada to prevent dengue.
There is no specific treatment for dengue fever but medical care can help with recovery and the control of symptoms.
How can you protect yourself from dengue?
Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.
Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times to avoid getting dengue. Dengue virus is spread by a mosquito that can bite in daylight and evening hours.
- Use insect repellant on exposed skin
- Cover up: wear light-coloured, long-sleeved shirts and long pants
- Accommodations: Stay in rooms with air conditioning and places that have intact window and door screens
- Use bed nets: they can also cover playpens, cribs or strollers
Monitor your health
- If you develop symptoms similar to dengue when you are travelling or after you return, see a health care provider. Tell them where you have been travelling or living.
Registration of Canadians Abroad
Sign up with the Registration of Canadians Abroad (ROCA) service to stay connected with the Government of Canada in case of an emergency abroad or an emergency at home .
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