Dengue in Peru
Released: October 05, 2017
What is dengue?
Dengue is a disease spread to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. Symptoms can take up to 2 weeks to develop after you are bitten. Symptoms of dengue start suddenly with a high fever in combination with two or more of the following symptoms:
- severe headache
- pain behind the eyes
- muscle and joint pain
- swollen glands or
Warning signs of progression to severe dengue include persistent vomiting, severe abdominal pain, bleeding from the nose or gums and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, dengue can be fatal.
There is no vaccine or medication available in Canada to prevent dengue.
Where is dengue a concern?
There is a risk of dengue in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Dengue occurs in urban and semi-urban areas and there is a higher rate of transmission during the rainy season.
The Pan American Health Organization is reporting more than 72, 000 cases of dengue in Peru so far in 2017. This is more than double the number of cases reported in 2016.
How can you protect yourself from dengue?
Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.
Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times to avoid getting dengue. Dengue virus is spread by a mosquito that can bite in daylight and evening hours.
- Use insect repellant on exposed skin
- Cover up: wear light-coloured, long-sleeved shirts and long pants
- Accommodations: Stay in rooms with air conditioning and places that have intact window and door screens
- Use bed nets: they can also cover playpens, cribs or strollers
Monitor your health
- If you develop symptoms similar to dengue when you are travelling or after you return, see a health care provider. Tell them where you have been travelling or living.
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