Cholera in Haiti and Dominican Republic

Updated: February 11, 2019


Current situation

Since 2010, Haiti and the Dominican Republic have been experiencing a cholera epidemic. In 2018, Haiti reported over 3700 suspected cases of cholera and over 40 deaths. Between January and October 2018, the Dominican Republic reported over 110 cases and 1 related death.

About cholera

Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection that is caused by ingesting food or water that has been contaminated with the bacterium 'Vibrio cholerae'. Cholera causes watery diarrhea and can quickly lead to severe dehydration. In severe cases it can lead to death if left untreated.

Cholera is endemic in many countries around the world. Every year there are between 1.3 to 4 million cases of cholera, with between 20 000 to 140 000 deaths. Travellers to tourist areas that practise safe food and water precautions and good hand hygiene are at low risk.

Protect yourself from cholera

Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic at least 6 weeks before you travel.

Find out if there is a risk of cholera before travelling

Eat and drink safely

Practice good hand hygiene

Consider vaccination

If you develop symptoms

If you experience severe diarrhea and/or vomiting while travelling or after you return to Canada:

Registration of Canadians Abroad

Sign up with the Registration of Canadians Abroad service to stay connected with the Government of Canada in case of an emergency abroad or an emergency at home.

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