Cholera in Dominican Republic and Haiti

Updated: October 17, 2016

Travel Health Notice

Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. People usually become infected from drinking or eating contaminated water or food. Cholera is associated with watery diarrhea and rapid dehydration, which can be life-threatening.

Haiti is recovering from the effects of Hurricane Matthew. Cholera cases may increase as water and food supplies as well as sanitary conditions have been affected. Visit Haiti's country page to get additional information on the current situation of regions most affected.

Since October 2010, Haiti and the Dominican Republic have been experiencing a cholera epidemic. Haiti reported over 790,000 cases of cholera and over 9,300 deaths. The Dominican Republic has had over 33,000 suspected cases and close to 500 related deaths. 

The Public Health Agency of Canada would like to remind travellers to follow strict food and water precautions while in Dominican Republic or Haiti.


Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.

  1. Practise safe food and water precautions.
  1. Wash your hands frequently
  1. Consider getting vaccinated
  1. If you develop severe diarrhea and/or vomiting while travelling or after you return to Canada

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