Cholera in Dominican Republic and Haiti

Updated: June 30, 2016

Travel Health Notice

Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. People usually become infected from drinking or eating contaminated water or food. Cholera is associated with watery diarrhea and rapid dehydration, which can be life-threatening.


Since October 2010, Haiti and the Dominican Republic have been experiencing a cholera epidemic. Haiti has had over 750,000 cases of cholera and over 9,000 related deaths. The Dominican Republic has had over 32,000 suspected cases and close to 500 related deaths. To date in 2016, Haiti has had over 13,000 suspected cases reported and the Dominican Republic has had over 700 suspected cases, an increase when compared to the same time period in 2015 for both countries.


The Public Health Agency of Canada recommends practising safe food and water precautions while in Dominican Republic or Haiti.

Recommendations

Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.

1. Practise safe food and water precautions.
2. Wash your hands frequently

3. Consider getting vaccinated

4. If you develop severe diarrhea and/or vomiting while travelling or after you return to Canada


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