Cholera in Dominican Republic and Haiti

Updated: July 17, 2017


What is Cholera?

Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection that is caused by ingesting food or water that has been contaminated with the bacterium 'Vibrio cholerae'. Cholera causes watery diarrhea and can quickly lead to severe dehydration. In severe cases it can lead to death if left untreated.

Why should you be concerned?

Since 2010, Haiti and the Dominican Republic have experienced a cholera epidemic. Haiti reported over 800,500 cases of cholera and over 9,400 deaths. The Dominican Republic has had over 33,200 cases and 500 related deaths.

In Haiti, the regions of Grand Anse and du Sud were the most affected by Hurricane Matthew in October 2016. Cholera cases increased as water and food supplies, as well as sanitary conditions, were affected. Visit Haiti's country page for more information on the regions most affected by natural disasters.

How can you prevent Cholera?

Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.

Follow strict food and water precautions while travelling in the Dominican Republic or Haiti.

Wash your hands frequently

Consider getting vaccinated

If you develop severe diarrhea and/or vomiting while travelling or after you return to Canada

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