Travel health notices
|Date||Travel health notices||Location||Level|
|2019-04-25||Measles in Europe||Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine, and United Kingdom||Level 1|
|2019-03-20||Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the Middle East||Bahrain, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen||Level 1|
|2019-02-11||Cholera in Haiti and Dominican Republic||Dominican Republic, Haiti||Level 1|
|2019-01-28||Avian influenza||China||Level 1|
|2019-01-17||Zika virus: Advice for travellers||Caribbean, Central America and Mexico, South America, Southeast Asia, Ocean Pacific Islands, limited areas in North America and Central Africa and West Africa||Level 2|
|2019-04-25||Lassa fever in West Africa||Benin, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo||Level 1|
|2019-04-24||Cholera in Africa and Western Asia (Yemen)||Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe||Level 1|
|2018-12-19||Yellow fever in Brazil||Brazil||Level 2|
|2019-03-07||Polio: vaccine advice||Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Kenya, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Somalia||Level 2|
|2019-01-22||Diphtheria: Global update||Bangladesh, Haiti, Venezuela and Yemen||Level 1|
|2019-04-25||Measles in South America||Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela||Level 1|
|2019-02-21||Ebola virus disease in Democratic Republic of Congo||Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville), Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia||Level 2|
|2019-05-17||Monkeypox in Africa||Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria||Level 1|
|2019-05-10||Rubella in Japan||Japan||Level 2|
|2019-05-14||Measles in Africa||Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Nigeria, South Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia||Level 1|
|2019-01-30||Extensively drug-resistant typhoid in Pakistan||Pakistan||Level 1|
|2019-05-14||Measles in the United States||United States||Level 1|
|2019-04-25||Measles in Asia||Israel, Japan, Philippines||Level 1|
|2019-04-10||Cyclone Idai in southern Africa||Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe||Level 2|
|2019-04-25||2019 FIFA Women's World Cup in France||France||Level 1|
Conditions in other countries may be different from those in Canada and may affect the health of Canadian travellers. For example:
- standards of hygiene and sanitation may be different
- safe food and clean water may be unavailable
- climate or environmental conditions may support certain diseases that do not (or rarely) occur in Canada
The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) actively seeks to identify and evaluate information about new, unusual or rapidly evolving health risks. When necessary, PHAC releases Travel Health Notices outlining the potential risks to Canadian travellers and to the Canadian public, and recommends measures that can be taken to help reduce these risks.
Travel health notices advise practising usual travel health precautions. For example, notices at this level may remind travellers about routine vaccinations, highlight the importance of hand washing, or recommend protective measures to avoid mosquito bites.
Travel health notices recommend that travellers practise special health precautions, such as receiving additional vaccinations. A notice at this level would be issued if there is an outbreak in a limited geographic location, a newly identified disease in the region or a change in the existing pattern of disease.
Travel health notices include a warning to avoid non-essential travel in order to protect the health of Canadian travellers and the Canadian public. The notice outlines specific precautions to take when visiting the region and what to do if you become ill during or after travel. A notice at this level would be issued during a large-scale outbreak in a large geographic area, or if there is increased risk to the traveller and an increased risk of spreading disease to other groups including the Canadian public.
Advises travellers to avoid all travel in order to protect the health of the Canadian public. A notice at this level would be issued if there is a high risk of spread of disease to the general public regardless of measures taken while travelling. Avoiding travel will limit the spread of the disease in Canada and internationally.
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