Typhoons and monsoons

Monsoons are heavy seasonal rains that occur in parts of East, South and Southeast Asia, Oceania, and western sub-Saharan Africa. They take place at different times of the year, depending on the region. To find out when monsoons occur in a specific country or region, consult our Travel Advice and Advisories.

Typhoons are tropical cyclones that produce strong winds and rain and can generate high waves and damaging storm surges. They form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and may occur year-round, although the peak months are from June to December. Their strength and path can change quickly, so it is important to monitor local weather reports.

Severe storms can lead to flooding and landslides that can result in significant loss of life and extensive damage to infrastructure, cutting off access to transportation, emergency assistance, health care, telecommunications, power and food, water and fuel supplies. Coastal regions are particularly vulnerable. Local authorities may require local residents and foreigners staying near the coast to move to safety centres inland. Travel to and from small islands may be disrupted for some days.

Necessary precautions

If you choose to travel to regions that experience typhoons or monsoons, taking the following steps can help reduce your personal risk: 

If a major weather event takes place while you are abroad, remember that the key to surviving hurricanes, typhoons, tropical storms and tornadoes is preparation. Review your personal safety practices and take sensible measures before, during and after a storm: 

For more detailed information on preparing for, and surviving a major storm, consult Public Safety Canada’s Your Emergency Preparedness Guide

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