Typhoons and monsoons
Monsoons are heavy seasonal rains that occur in parts of East, South and Southeast Asia, Oceania, and western sub-Saharan Africa. They take place at different times of the year, depending on the region. To find out when monsoons occur in a specific country or region, consult our Travel Advice and Advisories.
Typhoons are tropical cyclones that produce strong winds and rain and can generate high waves and damaging storm surges. They form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and may occur year-round, although the peak months are from June to December. Their strength and path can change quickly, so it is important to monitor local weather reports.
Severe storms can lead to flooding and landslides that can result in significant loss of life and extensive damage to infrastructure, cutting off access to transportation, emergency assistance, health care, telecommunications, power and food, water and fuel supplies. Coastal regions are particularly vulnerable. Local authorities may require local residents and foreigners staying near the coast to move to safety centres inland. Travel to and from small islands may be disrupted for some days.
If you choose to travel to regions that experience typhoons or monsoons, taking the following steps can help reduce your personal risk:
- Check our Travel Advice and Advisories for up-to-date information on your destination.
- Confirm your travel arrangements before you leave home and make sure your travel insurance covers trip cancellation or interruption in the event of a typhoon.
- Leave copies of your travel documents and detailed information on your itinerary, tour operation, flights, hotels, cruise ships, telephone numbers and email addresses with family or friends at home.
- Monitor local media to stay informed of the latest warnings and advisories. Follow the advice of local authorities and emergency response personnel. Maintain close contact with your family to keep them informed of your situation. Know how to contact the Canadian government office nearest to your destination.
- Carry contact details for our Emergency Watch and Response Centre (EWRC), which operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and accepts collect calls (613-996-8885 where available) from Canadians requiring assistance abroad. You can email the EWRC at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Sign up for our Registration of Canadians Abroad service so that the Government of Canada can contact you if necessary. Stay informed of developing situations through our Travel Advice and Advisories, our Travel Smart mobile web app, our email updates and RSS feeds, and our Twitter and Facebook channels.
If a major weather event takes place while you are abroad, remember that the key to surviving hurricanes, typhoons, tropical storms and tornadoes is preparation. Review your personal safety practices and take sensible measures before, during and after a storm:
- Know the risks
- Make a plan
- Get an emergency kit
For more detailed information on preparing for, and surviving a major storm, consult Public Safety Canada’s Your Emergency Preparedness Guide.
- Japan Meteorological Agency
- Tropical Storm Risk
- Your Emergency Preparedness Guide (Getprepared.gc.ca)
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