COVID-19 Boarding flights and trains in Canada

This page is about the requirements to board a flight or train in Canada. For the requirements to board a cruise ship in Canada, visit the Cruise ship travel page.

On this page

Mandatory vaccination to board

If you’re 12 years of age plus 4 months, or older, you’ll need to be fully vaccinated in order to board:

Contact your airline or railway company about their boarding requirements and refund policies.

Airports with vaccination requirement

Travellers should consider their entire journey and which Canadian airports they are flying from, as well as their return journey home.

This list of airports may evolve over the coming weeks and months. If you don't see a small airport listed, you can find details about what is needed on travel from remote communities.

A Gateway Airport is an airport that has been identified as a hub for travel to and from remote communities and where vaccination requirements apply. COVID-19 molecular self-test kits are provided to remote travellers at those airports.

Airports ICAO Gateway
Abbotsford CYXX -
Alma CYTF -
Bagotville CYBG -
Baie-Comeau CYBC -
Bathurst CZBF -
Brandon CYBR
Calgary International CYYC
Campbell River CYBL
Castlegar CYCG -
Charlo CYCL -
Charlottetown CYYG -
Chibougamau/Chapais CYMT
Churchill Falls CZUM -
Comox CYQQ
Cranbrook CYXC -
Dawson Creek CYDQ
Deer Lake CYDF
Edmonton International CYEG
Fort McMurray CYMM
Fort St. John CYXJ
Fredericton International CYFC -
Gander International CYQX
Gaspé CYGP -
Goose Bay CYYR
Grande Prairie CYQU
Greater Moncton International CYQM -
Halifax (Robert L. Stanfield International) CYHZ
Hamilton CYHM
Îles-de-la-Madeleine CYGR -
Iqaluit CYFB
Kamloops CYKA -
Kelowna CYLW
Kingston CYGK
Kitchener/Waterloo Regional CYKF -
La Grande Rivière CYGL -
Lethbridge CYQL
Lloydminster CYLL -
London CYXU
Lourdes-de-Blanc-Sablon CYBX -
Medicine Hat CYXH
Mont-Joli CYYY
Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport CYUL
Nanaimo CYCD
North Bay CYYB
Ottawa (Macdonald-Cartier International) CYOW
Penticton CYYF -
Prince Albert CYPA
Prince George CYXS
Prince Rupert CYPR
Québec (Jean Lesage International) CYQB
Quesnel CYQZ
Red Deer Regional CYQF
Regina CYQR
Rivière-Rouge (Mont-Tremblant International) CYFJ -
Rouyn-Noranda CYUY
Saint John CYSJ -
Sarnia (Chris Hadfield) CYZR -
Saskatoon (John G. Diefenbaker International) CYXE
Sault Ste. Marie CYAM
Sept-Îles CYZV
Smithers CYYD
St. Anthony CYAY
St. John’s International CYYT
Stephenville CYJT -
Sudbury CYSB
Sydney CYQY -
Terrace CYXT
Thompson CYTH
Thunder Bay CYQT
Timmins CYTS
Toronto (Billy Bishop Toronto City) CYTZ
Toronto (Lester B. Pearson International) CYYZ
Toronto/Buttonville Municipal CYKZ -
Val-d’Or CYVO
Vancouver International CYVR
Victoria International CYYJ
Wabush CYWK
Whitehorse International CYXY
Williams Lake CYWL
Windsor CYQG -
Winnipeg (James Armstrong Richardson International) CYWG
Yellowknife CYZF

Find out if you're ready to board

To board your flight or train, if you’re 12 years of age plus 4 months, or older, you must:

Accepted vaccines

Vaccines accepted by the Government of Canada for the purpose of travel to and within Canada:

To qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller, you must have received 1 of the following, at least 14 calendar days prior to the day you travel:

Connecting flights or trains after entering Canada

If you’re fully vaccinated and a Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or person registered under the Indian Act, you may take connecting flights or board a train after entering Canada.

Canadians, permanent residents, and persons registered under the Indian Act who don't qualify as fully vaccinated can’t take a connecting flight or train.

New permanent residents and resettling refugees who don’t qualify as fully vaccinated will be allowed to travel onward in Canada in order to get established.

If you’re a foreign national allowed entry into Canada without qualifying as fully vaccinated, you may take a connecting flight that is scheduled to depart within 24 hours of the departure time for your flight to Canada. Foreign nationals authorized entry into Canada can continue to their final destination using their valid pre-entry test result as long as the scheduled departure time of their domestic flight is within 24 hours of the departure time for their flight to Canada.

You can also provide proof of a positive molecular test taken at least 10 calendar days and no more than 180 calendar days before entering Canada.

Entering Canada: Find testing and entry requirements

Foreign nationals departing Canada

Air and rail

Foreign nationals who don’t qualify as fully vaccinated and who don’t permanently reside in Canada will be allowed to depart Canada up until August 31, 2022. They must show proof of a valid COVID-19 test result at the time of boarding. After August 31, 2022, foreign nationals will need to be fully vaccinated in order to board a flight or train to depart Canada.

COVID-19 tests: if you qualify as fully vaccinated, a COVID-19 test result is not needed to board a flight or train in Canada unless you’re flying to a country that requires it.

If you’re unvaccinated, you must provide a valid COVID-19 test result if you were given an exemption:

If you don’t provide proof of vaccination (or valid COVID-19 test result if you have an exemption), you won’t be able to travel. You could face penalties or fines if you provide false, misleading information, or evidence about:

Vaccination is required for travel within and to depart Canada. A valid COVID-19 molecular test result will no longer be accepted as an alternative to vaccination unless you’re eligible for one of the limited exemptions.

Providing proof of vaccination

The Canadian COVID-19 proof of vaccination is a reliable way for Canadians to show your COVID-19 vaccination history when you travel, and has all the necessary information for domestic and international trips.

If you plan to show your proof of vaccination on your phone, we recommend you carry a back-up paper copy during your travels in case of difficulties (e.g., power failure of your device).

If you don't have Canadian proof

Your proof of vaccination must include the following information:

If your proof of vaccination is not in English or French

If your proof of vaccination is not in English or French, you need a certified translation in English or French.

Your certified translation must include the stamp or membership number of a professional translation association.

Translation of documents

Keep both the original proof of vaccination and the certified translation with you while you travel.

Protecting your privacy

Protecting the privacy of Canadians is integral to implementing these requirements. Please note that airlines and railway companies are subject to applicable Canadian privacy legislation with respect to the handling of your personal information. For information on how they process your personal information, please visit their website for their privacy policy or contact them directly.

In the event that any personal information is provided to Transport Canada, it will only be used and disclosed by Transport Canada in accordance with the Privacy Act and its regulations. The personal information collected, as well as its use, disclosure and retention, will be described in the applicable personal information banks, which are currently being developed and/or modified, and will be published on Transport Canada’s Info Source page.

Transport Canada’s Privacy Notice Statement

Travel with unvaccinated children

Unvaccinated children under 12 years and 4 months of age don’t require a COVID-19 test result to travel within or depart Canada. International destinations may have different requirements.

Children turning 12

If your child has just turned 12, there is a 4-month exemption period following their 12th birthday in which they won’t be required to be vaccinated or tested. This gives children the time to receive both shots of the COVID-19 vaccine.

For example, if your child's 12th birthday is in January, they can travel in January through April without providing proof of vaccination or a test result. In May, they would need proof of vaccination. They can also travel with an exemption from their carrier and a valid COVID-19 test result.

Exemptions to the vaccine requirement

Vaccination is required for travel within and out of Canada. A valid COVID-19 test result will only be accepted for one of the following limited exceptions:

Travel from remote communities

Passengers from small or remote communities will still be able to obtain essential services for their medical, health or social well-being, and return safely to their homes.

Travel for essential medical services and treatment

Essential medical care refers to booked appointments to receive medical services that are important to saving lives and improving health outcomes.

Travellers who think they may be eligible for this type of temporary exemption should:

If you’re traveling with multiple companies, you’ll need to contact each company.

If you receive approval for a temporary exemption, you’ will also need to present a valid COVID-19 test before boarding.

If Canada is not your final destination

If you’re only transiting through Canada to reach another country, these vaccination requirements don’t apply. Travellers should check with their air carrier(s) to ensure that they can meet the requirements for:

Emergency and urgent travel (including for urgent medical reasons)

If an unvaccinated passenger must travel due to an emergency situation such as an evacuation due to fire or flood, or an urgent medical reason, airlines and railway companies will have the authority to exempt them from the mandatory vaccination requirement and/or the requirement for a valid COVID-19 test result. Operators will only be authorized to apply this authority, however, when there is an immediate threat to the safety of the traveller.

The following are examples of travel that would not be considered emergency and urgent travel:

Other exceptional travel in the national interest

As part of the domestic National Interest Exemption Program (NIEP), Transport Canada will administer case-by-case applications for exemptions from the vaccine mandate for travel in Canada’s national interest and/or to support critical infrastructure needs (for example, participation in a COVID-19 vaccine clinical trial). A valid COVID-19 test result will be required.

Personal emergency and urgent travel will not be considered.

Travellers are able to submit applications under the domestic National Interest Exemption Program at least 3 weeks before your travel dates.

Medical inability to be vaccinated

Travellers that are unable to be vaccinated for medical reasons, such as a specific confirmed allergy, may be eligible for an exemption to the vaccine requirement.

Travellers who think they may be eligible for this type of temporary exemption should:

If you have a provincial or a territorial medical exemption, your airline or railway may accept it in lieu of the medical doctor or nurse practitioner’s signature.

If you’re traveling with multiple companies, you’ll need to contact each company.

If you receive approval for a temporary exemption, you’ll also need to present a valid COVID-19 test result before boarding.

Sincere religious belief

Leaders and members of a number of religions and religious denominations have released public statements indicating their support for the COVID-19 vaccine specifically in the interest of public health. These include:

In addition, a number of provincial human rights commissions have taken the position that objection to vaccination for personal reasons is not a protected ground under their respective Code and does not need to be accommodated.

Applications for sincere religious beliefs may be considered on a case-by-case basis. Your request to your airline, railway, or cruise line must clearly demonstrate your sincere religious belief, how it prevents you from being vaccinated, and be signed by a Commissioner of Oaths.

You must submit your form 3 weeks prior to departure, and follow the airline, railway company, or cruise line’s exemption approval process.

If you’re traveling with multiple companies, you’ll need to contact each company.

If you receive approval for a temporary exemption, you’ll also need to present a valid COVID-19 test result before boarding.

Russian invasion of Ukraine

If you’re unvaccinated or don’t have proof of vaccination for travel within Canada, you only need to apply for an exemption in the following situations:

Get more information and apply for the exemption

Travellers who qualify for an exemption will also need to have a valid COVID-19 test result before boarding a flight or train.

False claims are an offence under the Criminal Code and false declaration could be subject to Transport Canada fines.

Providing a test result

Air and rail

If you don't qualify as fully vaccinated and you qualify for one of the limited exemptions that require a valid test result, you must provide proof of one of the following accepted types of test results:

  1. Proof of a professionally administered or observed negative antigen test taken no more than 1 day before to your scheduled flight or entry to Canada by land
    • the 1 day window does not depend on the time of day the test was taken or the time of your flight or entry
    • for example, if your flight is scheduled to leave or you enter by land any time on Friday, you could provide proof of a negative result from an antigen test taken any time on Thursday, or on Friday
    • it must be administered or observed by a pharmacy, laboratory, healthcare entity or telehealth service
    • the test must be authorized for sale or distribution in Canada or in the jurisdiction in which it was obtained
  2. Proof of a valid negative molecular test taken within 72 hours of your flight’s initial scheduled departure time to Canada or your entry to Canada by land
    • for example, if your flight is scheduled to leave at 11:00 am on Friday, your test must have been taken any time after 10:59 am on Tuesday
  3. Previous positive molecular test result: you no longer have symptoms and provide proof of a positive molecular test taken at least 10 calendar days and no more than 180 calendar days before entering Canada. Counting starts the day after your test.
    • for example, if your positive COVID-19 molecular test was taken on January 1, then January 11 would be the earliest scheduled departure date of your flight to Canada, or the first day you could use it to enter Canada by land
    • if your positive proof is accepted you won’t have to take arrival or Day-8 tests
    • a positive antigen test result is never a valid test result for boarding a flight or entry to Canada and can’t be used as proof of a previous infection

It's your responsibility to book, pay for and get the results of your test prior to boarding your flight or train.

Types of tests

Molecular tests

These tests use methods such as a nasopharyngeal (NP) swab, nose swab, or saliva sample.

Other acceptable types of tests
  • RT-PCR – reverse transcription real time PCR
  • Quantitative PCR (qPCR)
  • Isothermal amplification
  • Droplet digital PCR or digital droplet PCR (ddPCR)
  • Transcription-mediated amplification (TMA)
  • RNA (Ribonucleic acid)
  • Ct (cycle threshold)
  • Sequencing
  • Next generational sequencing (NGS) or whole genome sequencing (WGS)
  • Oxford Nanopore sequencing (LamPORE)
  • Detection of the N gene
  • Detection of Orf1a/b
  • Detection of the S gene
  • Detection of the E gene
  • Detection of the RdRp gene

Antigen tests

Your antigen test must be administered or supervised by a testing provider, pharmacy, telehealth service, laboratory or healthcare entity.

Phrases indicating a test is an antigen test could include, but is not limited to:

Other requirements to board

Air and rail

In addition to the vaccination requirement, all existing mandatory pre-boarding and health requirements for passengers remain in place. This includes health check questions, and wearing masks inside airports and rail terminals, and while on board planes and trains.

All passengers must wear a mask throughout their entire travel journey except for brief periods while eating, drinking, or taking oral medication, or unless otherwise exempt. Some of these exemptions include:

Travelling to another province or territory or country

You’ll need to check if there are any restrictions that apply at your final destination.

Your proof of vaccination doesn't guarantee you entry to another country. Before you travel, you must check the rules of your destination country and the countries you transit through:

Passengers with signs or symptoms

You won't be allowed to board unless you present a medical certificate confirming that your symptoms aren't related to COVID-19.

Boarding flights to Canada

Travellers entering Canada, regardless of citizenship, must follow all requirements to keep everyone safe. Foreign nationals who don't qualify as fully vaccinated will only be allowed to enter in specific circumstances:

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