COVID-19 vaccinated travellers entering Canada

COVID-19 – Global travel advisory

Effective December 15, 2021: Avoid non-essential travel outside Canada, regardless of your vaccination status. Omicron travel health notice

Travellers are eligible to enter or return to Canada if they qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller.

On this page

Check if you qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller

To qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller to Canada, you must:

Accepted vaccines

Vaccines accepted by the Government of Canada for the purpose of travel to and within Canada:

To qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller, you must have received, at least 15 calendar days by the day you travel:

If your proof of vaccination is not in English or French

If your proof of vaccination is not in English or French, you need a certified translation in English or French.

Your certified translation must include the stamp or membership number of a professional translation association.

Translation of documents

Keep both the original proof of vaccination and the certified translation with you while you travel.

If your proof of vaccination doesn't meet all of the requirements, it will be considered invalid. You will not qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller.

What is not accepted as a fully vaccinated traveller
Partial vaccination

You must have received at least 2 doses of an accepted vaccine, or a mix of 2 accepted vaccines, or at least 1 dose of the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson vaccine to qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller and be allowed to enter Canada.

Recovered from COVID-19 with only one dose

If you’ve recovered from COVID-19, you still need at least 2 doses of an accepted COVID-19 vaccine or mix of 2 accepted vaccines.

If you’ve only had one dose of an accepted vaccine other than Janssen (Johnson & Johnson), you don’t qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

If you do not qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, you may still be able to enter Canada.
Find out if you can enter Canada

Pre-entry testing and ArriveCAN requirements

To enter or return to Canada as a fully vaccinated traveller, you must follow all of these requirements.

Checklist of what you need to have ready at the border

Have the following items with you for assessment by a government official at the border (land border crossings do not provide WiFi for travellers):

Instructions:

1. Pre-entry testing (accepted types, timing)

Who needs a pre-entry test

If you’ve already had COVID-19 and recovered

If you are now symptom-free, you can provide proof of a positive COVID-19 molecular test when crossing the border, instead of a negative one.

  • The test must have been taken at least 15 and no more than 180 days before (starting January 15, 2022, between 11 and 180 days):
    • the initial scheduled departure time of your aircraft
    • your scheduled entry into Canada by water or land
  • The proof of the positive result must be from an accepted type of molecular test
  • If your positive proof is accepted you won’t have to take arrival or Day-8 tests
Flying to Canada - when to take your test

You must take a molecular test within 72 hours of the scheduled departure time of your flight to Canada.

If you have a connecting flight:

  • the test must be taken within 72 hours of the scheduled departure time of your last direct flight to Canada
  • you may need to schedule the test in your transit city
Flying from India

Direct flights

If you’re taking a direct flight from India to Canada, you’ll need proof of a negative COVID-19 molecular test from the Genestrings Laboratory at the Delhi airport. The test must be taken within 18 hours of the scheduled departure of your direct flight to Canada.

Indirect flights

If you’re taking an indirect flight from India to Canada, you’ll still need proof of a negative COVID-19 molecular test, within 72 hours of your final flight to Canada. The test must be taken in the country from which your flight to Canada will depart.

Flying from Morocco

Direct flights

If you’re taking a direct flight from Morocco to Canada, your pre-entry test result must be presented as a Moroccan COVID-19 PCR Test Certificate issued by the Government of Morocco.

The certificate may be for a negative result taken within 72 hours of scheduled departure or a positive result between 15 and 180 days before departure (starting January 15, 2022, between 11 and 180 days ago).

If you tested positive in another country prior to arrival in Morocco, you must provide proof of a positive molecular test result from 15 and 180 days before your departure (starting January 15, 2022, between 11 and 180 days ago).

Indirect flights

If you’re taking an indirect flight from Morocco to Canada, you’ll still need proof of a negative COVID-19 molecular test, within 72 hours of your final flight to Canada. The test must be taken in the country from which your flight to Canada will depart.

Airlines may refuse boarding to travellers who are unable to provide a valid negative molecular test result or proof of a previous positive molecular test result taken between 15 and 180 days ago (starting January 15, 2022, between 11 and 180 days ago).

Arriving by car, bus, boat, ferry or train

You must take a molecular test outside of Canada within 72 hours of your planned entry into Canada.

Who doesn't need a pre-entry test

Accepted types of molecular tests

These tests use methods such as a nasopharyngeal (NP) swab, nose swab, or saliva sample.

Other acceptable types of tests
  • RT-PCR – reverse transcription real time PCR
  • Quantitative PCR (qPCR)
  • Isothermal amplification
  • Droplet digital PCR or digital droplet PCR (ddPCR)
  • Transcription-mediated amplification (TMA)
  • RNA (Ribonucleic acid)
  • Ct (cycle threshold)
  • CRISPR
  • Sequencing
  • Next generational sequencing (NGS) or whole genome sequencing (WGS)
  • Oxford Nanopore sequencing (LamPORE)
  • Detection of the N gene
  • Detection of Orf1a/b
  • Detection of the S gene
  • Detection of the E gene
  • Detection of the RdRp gene

Providing proof of your result

When you arrive at the border, you must present an accepted negative molecular test result (paper or electronic proof) or proof of a previous positive molecular test result taken between 15 and 180 days (starting January 15, 2022, between 11 and 180 days ago) that includes:

Keep proof of your test results with you for the 14-day period that begins on the day you enter Canada.

Positive results on your pre-entry test

A positive pre-entry test result within 72 hours of your planned entry is not a valid test result for entry to Canada.

Foreign nationals with symptoms or with a positive result from less than 15 days before arriving (starting January 15, 2022, 11 days) will be denied entry.

Canadians: To avoid being fined $5,000 per traveller (plus surcharges), wait to enter Canada until the 15th day (starting January 15, 2022, 11th day) after your positive test result. If you had symptoms without a positive result, wait until the symptoms have ended and you have a valid negative pre-entry test result.

If you have symptoms or a positive result, we recommend postponing your travel until you have:

Testing locations

Testing facilities and expenses

Select the country you’re coming from. Not all countries have testing facilities information available yet.

Canadian government offices abroad do not provide medical services (including administering COVID-19 testing) or cover medical expenses for Canadian citizens abroad. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.

Arriving without an accepted COVID-19 test

If you don't provide proof of a valid COVID-19 test
  • If a Canadian citizen, person registered under the Indian Act, or permanent resident does not provide proof of a valid molecular test result they:
    • will be allowed entry, but may be subject to a fine of up to $5,000 plus additional surcharges or face criminal prosecution
    • may also be required to go to a designated quarantine facility if they are symptomatic on arrival at the border and do not have a suitable quarantine plan
    • How to isolate upon returning to Canada

Foreign nationals without a valid negative pre-entry COVID-19 molecular test result, proof of a previous positive test result or who have symptoms of COVID-19, will be denied entry into Canada.

Fraudulent test results

All travellers arriving in Canada are required by Canadian law to respond truthfully to all questions. Providing false information to a Government of Canada official upon entry to Canada is a serious offence and may result in penalties and/or criminal charges. Foreign nationals who provide false information could also be denied entry to the country and/or be barred from returning to Canada.

Making a false declaration when boarding a flight to Canada, including the presentation of a fraudulent test result, carries the potential for up to $5,000 in administrative monetary penalties under the Aeronautics Act, in addition to a fine of $5,000 plus additional surcharges under the Quarantine Act, if the same false document is also presented upon entry into Canada.

Violating any instructions provided when you enter Canada or putting others at risk of a serious communicable disease are offences under the Quarantine Act and could lead to up to three years in prison and/or up to $1 million in fines.

2. Set up your ArriveCAN account before you travel

You must use the ArriveCAN mobile app or sign in on a computer to enter your proof of vaccination, quarantine and travel information.

To be ready for your trip, create your free ArriveCAN account

To get an ArriveCAN receipt, submit your travel and quarantine plan information within 72 hours before your arrival to Canada.

No smartphone? Within 72 hours of your arrival in Canada, sign in to ArriveCAN from a computer to get your ArriveCAN receipt. Print your receipt and take it with you when you travel.

3. Upload proof of vaccination in ArriveCAN before you travel
  1. Locate the proof you'll need to upload

  2. Use your Canadian COVID-19 proof of vaccination

    Use your Canadian COVID-19 proof of vaccination PDF with QR code to smooth your journey.

    The Canadian proof is a bilingual file that shows the country of issuance as Canada, the issuing province or territory, your name, and birthdate above a QR code, followed by doses received

    Sample of Canadian COVID-19 proof of vaccination. It shows the issuing province or territory, country of issuance as Canada, personal information, vaccination doses administered and a QR code.
    Others without Canadian proof of vaccination

    The proof you use:

    • must be official certificates, passes, cards, receipts, or confirmations that show any first and second doses of COVID-19 vaccine you received
    • can't show only a QR code
    • must show as text:
      • your name
      • the name of the government or organization who administered the vaccine
      • the brand name or any other information that identifies the vaccine(s)
      • the date(s) you received the vaccine(s)
    • must be in English, French, or a certified translation into English or French

    Use the original file you received, or take a clear well-lit photo of your paper proof

    • file formats accepted: PDF, PNG, JPEG or JPG
    • maximum file size for upload: each image upload has a 2 MB size limit
  3. Save or move your proof of vaccination file(s) to have ready to upload

    • if you'll be using the ArriveCAN mobile app, save the file(s) onto your phone or you can take a picture of your paper proof of vaccination
    • or if you'll be signing into ArriveCAN online, save onto your computer
    • you can also send your proof to someone who'll complete your ArriveCAN form for you

    To be ready for your trip, create your free ArriveCAN account

  4. Upload your proof in ArriveCAN in the traveller profile

Upload your proof of vaccination and your travel documents before any planned travel:

Final determination of your vaccination status will be made at the border. You must bring a digital or paper copy of your proof(s) of vaccination with you and keep it for 14 days after entry.

Complete your ArriveCAN form to get your receipt within 72 hours before your return to Canada.

Upload your proof in ArriveCAN
Travelling with mixed vaccination status or purposes of travel
  • Don’t include other travellers who are entering Canada for other purposes of travel or who are not fully vaccinated (unless they are less than 18 years old or a dependent adult) in a single submission. For example,
    • if you are a foreign national, including US citizens, entering Canada for discretionary purposes and are travelling with another person who is a Canadian citizen, you should complete individual submissions
    • if you are travelling with a group of adult foreign national with mixed vaccination statuses, do not include unvaccinated travellers in your submission; you will not be issued an ArriveCAN receipt as unvaccinated foreign national are not eligible to enter Canada for discretionary travel

People entering by land who were unaware of the mandatory use of ArriveCAN will be informed by a Border Services Officer of the mandatory requirements to submit their information through ArriveCAN and will be allowed to:

People arriving by boat (including ferry) may use ArriveCAN to submit your proof of vaccination within 72 hours of arriving or when you enter Canada. Travellers arriving by boat must still provide a pre-entry test within 72 hours of their planned entry into Canada.

4. Quarantine plan

You must be prepared to quarantine when entering Canada as you could:

A suitable quarantine plan must be entered into ArriveCAN. You may be asked to explain your quarantine plan at the border.

Assess your quarantine plan
If you do not have a suitable place to quarantine

Some travellers may be unable to quarantine at home or their final destination. In these cases, travellers are expected to make alternative arrangements for their entry to Canada. Although alternative accommodations (e.g. with family or friends, or paid accommodation) may be suitable, the Government of Canada does not reimburse for expenses incurred for accommodations, including hotels, RV rentals and trailer park or campground fees.

Make your quarantine plans in advance of your arrival to Canada. Foreign nationals who do not have a suitable plan may be denied entry into Canada. If you do not have a suitable place to quarantine, you may be directed to a federal designated quarantine facility.

Before travellers are directed to a federal designated quarantine facility, government representatives may work with them to confirm that all other options for quarantine accommodations within their own means have been exhausted.

Where required, transportation from the border crossing to a federal designated quarantine and the cost of the facility is provided by the Government of Canada.

Arrival tests and possible quarantine while you await results

As a fully vaccinated traveller, you can travel to your place of quarantine, including on connecting flights, without waiting for your arrival test results (if selected for testing), unless it is determined at the border that you do not have a suitable quarantine plan.

Who must take an arrival test if selected to do so upon arrival

Upon your entry to Canada by air or at a land border crossing, the border services officer may notify you that you have been randomly selected for a mandatory arrival test.

Requirements for children accompanying parents:

Fully vaccinated travellers are not exempt from mandatory randomized arrival testing.

Find out if your travel is exempt from arrival testing

Who is exempt from arrival testing

Who must quarantine while awaiting arrival test results

Quarantine requirements depend on where you've been within the last 14 days:

Outside Canada or the U.S. within the last 14 days

Upon your entry to Canada by air or at a land border crossing, the border services officer may notify you that you have been randomly selected for a mandatory arrival test.

All travellers are strongly encouraged to pre-register for an on-arrival COVID-19 molecular test in advance of landing in Canada to avoid lengthy lines and delays in processing.

If you are randomly selected for a mandatory arrival test, you:

Only in the U.S. or Canada within last 14 days

Upon your entry to Canada by air or at a land border crossing, the border services officer may notify you that you have been randomly selected for an arrival test.

If you are randomly selected for a mandatory arrival test, you:

Air travellers: register in advance for arrival testing

You may be required to get tested before exiting the airport. To speed you through the process, register in advance with the testing provider for the airport you will arrive at.

When you register, use the same email address you used for your ArriveCAN account.

Register with airport test providers
Land border test providers

Starting October 29, 2021, the swab stations located at 17 land points of entry stopped operations.

When you arrive at a land border crossing, you’ll be given a self-swab kit to complete. You’ll need to follow the instructions in your self-swab kit to complete the test at your destination.

Completing your arrival test

Follow the directions you receive on arrival to complete your test:

Fines and consequences of failing to complete the testing requirements

You are under a legal obligation to take the arrival test within the required timeframe. If you don't comply, you may not be exempted from quarantine. You may also be required to go to a quarantine facility, face fines, or other enforcement measures.

Your arrival test results

You can take connecting flights and trains without waiting for your arrival test results.

If your arrival test is negative:

Invalid or indeterminate results from your arrival test

You must take another test.

How to contact your test provider

British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Yukon

LifeLabs manages all COVID-19 testing for travellers arriving at these provinces.

Contact LifeLabs

Phone

Email

Alberta, Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia

Switch Health manages all COVID-19 testing.

Contact Switch Health

Phone

Email

Manitoba

Dynacare manages all COVID-19 testing for travellers arriving in Manitoba.

Contact Dynacare

Phone

Website: Dynacare border testing

Quebec

If you’re arriving at the Montreal airport (YUL)

Dynacare manages all COVID-19 testing for travellers arriving in Manitoba.

Dynacare:

Phone

Website: Dynacare border testing

Biron:

Phone

Email

If you’re arriving at the Quebec City airport (YQB):

Biron manages all COVID-19 testing for travellers arriving at the Quebec City airport (YQB).

Phone

Email

Positive arrival test or symptoms after your arrival

Monitor for symptoms for 14 days after your arrival.

If a fully vaccinated traveller or unvaccinated child under 12 years of age tests positive:

If a parent, step-parent, guardian, or tutor experiences symptoms or tests positive:

You must provide proof of your test results, if asked, to any federal, provincial, territorial or municipal government official or peace officer.

Children or dependents

Unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated children under 12 years of age

If you qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller, your unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated children must follow specific requirements when you return to or enter Canada. This applies to unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated children under 12 years of age who are accompanying a parent, step-parent, guardian or tutor who qualified as a fully vaccinated traveller when they entered Canada.

These requirements also apply if you are returning from a short trip of less than 72 hours.

Unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated children under 12 must complete pre-entry, arrival and Day-8 tests, unless you have evidence that the child had a positive COVID-19 test taken 15 to 180 days (starting January 15, 2022, between 11 and 180 days) prior to arrival in Canada or the child is under 5 years of age.

For the next 14 days, the children must also:

What your child can do for the next 14 days, as long as they wear a mask and physically distance from non-household members:

For 14 days following entry into Canada, you and any unvaccinated children under the age of 12 who travelled with you must:

If the child receives an indeterminate or invalid test result, they are required to take another test. Please contact your testing provider within 24 hours of receiving your test result to make arrangements to complete another self-swab kit.

Common signs and symptoms of COVID-19

Youth aged 12 to 17 years of age

Unvaccinated and partially vaccinated youth 12 to 17 years of age are subject to the 14-day quarantine, and all testing requirements for pre-entry, arrival and Day-8 tests, whether or not they are accompanied by travellers who qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller.

Follow the checklist of testing and quarantine requirements

Unvaccinated adult dependents

Dependents 18 years of age or over who are unvaccinated because of mental or physical limitation may enter but must follow all testing and quarantine requirements, even when they are accompanied by parents or guardians who qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller.

Follow the checklist of testing and quarantine requirements

ArriveCAN: If your submission includes travellers who are not exempt from the requirement to quarantine (e.g., unvaccinated 12 to 17 year olds or unvaccinated dependent adults), you will receive ArriveCAN notifications and will be asked to complete daily reporting for the unvaccinated travellers.

Troubleshooting vaccination issues in ArriveCAN

You didn’t see the vaccination questions in ArriveCAN or couldn’t upload proof

If you’ve already submitted your information and have an ArriveCAN receipt without your vaccination information (i.e., without an I or a V next to your name), start over in ArriveCAN before you cross the border. ArriveCAN will clear your previous submission.

Use ArriveCAN – It’s free, download the mobile app or sign in online

No receipt from ArriveCAN

If ArriveCAN didn’t ask you to upload proof of vaccination, or showed a message that you are not eligible to enter Canada, there are several possible reasons:

If you’ve already submitted your information and have an ArriveCAN receipt without your vaccination information (for example, without an I or a V next to your name), start over in ArriveCAN before you cross the border. ArriveCAN will clear your previous submission.

Contact ArriveCAN if you receive emails or notifications

If you uploaded your proof of vaccination into ArriveCAN and qualified as a fully vaccinated traveller at the border (meaning that you have an A, I, or V next to your name on your ArriveCAN receipt), you should not receive further emails or notifications from ArriveCAN.

If your submission included travellers who are not exempt from the requirement to quarantine (e.g., unvaccinated 12- to 17-year-olds or unvaccinated dependent adults), you will receive ArriveCAN notifications and will be asked to complete daily reporting for the unvaccinated travellers. If you did not have an A, I, or V next to your name on your ArriveCAN receipt, you did not qualify as fully vaccinated and will get post-border notifications.

If you are receiving notifications that don't reflect your situation, use the ArriveCAN contact form so that your situation can be resolved:

Contact ArriveCAN form

Your ArriveCAN receipt doesn’t include the letters I, V, or A

You may see one or more letters beside your name on your receipt. This means that you may have to discuss one of the following with a Government official at the border:

If there’s no letter I, V, or A next to your name

If you’ve already submitted your information and have an ArriveCAN receipt without your vaccination information (for example, without an I, V or A next to your name), start over in ArriveCAN before you cross the border. ArriveCAN will clear your previous submission.


ArriveCAN general troubleshooting and help

Feature

Use ArriveCAN to enter Canada

Use ArriveCAN to provide mandatory travel information before your entry into Canada

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