COVID-19 vaccinated travellers entering Canada

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Who can come to Canada

Fully vaccinated foreign nationals who meet the requirements of a fully vaccinated traveller can come to Canada. Travellers from countries outside of Canada who are not fully vaccinated are not able to enter Canada unless they already meet an exemption set out in the Orders made under the Quarantine Act. Otherwise, they will be denied entry into Canada, may be denied boarding on flights to Canada, and/or could face fines on arrival.

Check if you qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller

To qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, you must:

Accepted COVID-19 vaccines in Canada

If you received your Government of Canada-accepted vaccines outside Canada, it’s still accepted but proof of vaccination must be uploaded digitally in ArriveCAN and must only be in French or English, or certified translation into French or English.

Providing a certified translation if your proof is not in French or English

If your proof of vaccination is not in English or French, do not upload it into ArriveCAN.

Instead, you need to upload a certified translation in English or French.

Keep both the original proof of vaccination and the certified translation with you while you travel.

Your certified translation must include the stamp or membership number of a professional translation association.

Translation of documents

If your proof of vaccination doesn't meet all of the requirements it will be considered invalid and you will be required to:

What does not meet the requirements for a fully vaccinated traveller

Vaccines that are not currently accepted

The list of accepted vaccines may expand in the future.

Partial vaccination

At this time, foreign national travellers who haven't received the full series of a vaccine or a combination of vaccines accepted by the Government of Canada, at least 14 days prior to entry, cannot come to Canada unless they meet an exemption set out in the Orders made under the Quarantine Act. Otherwise, they will be denied entry into Canada, may be denied boarding on flights to Canada, and/or could face fines on arrival.

Recovered from COVID-19 with one dose

If you have recovered from COVID-19, you still need a full series of an accepted COVID-19 vaccine or combination of accepted vaccines. If you’ve only had one dose of an accepted vaccine other than Janssen (Johnson & Johnson), you don’t qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

If you do not qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller, you may still be able to enter Canada.

Find out if you can enter Canada

No exceptions for partially-vaccinated travellers

At this time, there are no exemptions from testing or quarantine for travellers who haven't received the full series of a vaccine or a combination of vaccines accepted by the Government of Canada.

Travelling with children or dependents who are not fully vaccinated

Unvaccinated children under age 12

Unvaccinated children under the age of 12 who are accompanied by travellers who qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption:

Handout: Requirements for unvaccinated children under 12

This applies to unvaccinated children under 12 years of age who are accompanying a parent, step-parent, guardian or tutor who qualified as a fully vaccinated traveller when they entered Canada.

ArriveCAN: include unvaccinated children under the age of 12 as travellers in your submission. Make sure you’re using the latest version of the app.

Unvaccinated youth aged 12 through 17

Unvaccinated youth aged 12 through 17 are subject to the 14-day quarantine, and all testing requirements for pre-entry, arrival and Day-8 tests, whether or not they are accompanied by travellers who qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

ArriveCAN: include unvaccinated dependent youth aged 12-17 in your ArriveCAN submission. Make sure you’re using the latest version of the app.

Travelling with unvaccinated adult dependents

Dependents age 18 or over who are unvaccinated because of mental or physical limitation must follow all testing and quarantine requirements, even when they are accompanied by parents or guardians who qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption.

ArriveCAN: include unvaccinated adult dependents in your ArriveCAN submission. Make sure you’re using the latest version of the app.

If your submission included travellers who are not exempt from the requirement to quarantine (e.g., unvaccinated 12- to 17- year- olds or unvaccinated dependent adults), you will receive ArriveCAN notifications and will be asked to complete daily reporting for the unvaccinated travellers.

Exemptions for fully vaccinated travellers

If you qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption you are exempt from:

Regardless of citizenship, all travellers must meet and follow all of the same requirements.

If you provide essential services or already qualify for other exemptions from quarantine and Day-8 testing, you don’t need to be considered a fully vaccinated traveller to enter Canada. If you think you qualify for other exemptions: find out if your travel is exempt.

Steps to follow for your trip

To qualify for the fully vaccinated traveller exemption, you must also follow these requirements:

1. Pre-entry test result

Pre-entry test result requirements

All travellers 5 years of age or older, regardless of citizenship or vaccination status, must provide proof of a COVID-19 molecular test result to enter Canada.

Rapid antigen tests will not be accepted.

Accepted types of molecular tests

These tests are considered acceptable molecular tests:

  • PCR - Polymerase chain reaction
  • RT-PCR – reverse transcription real time PCR
  • Quantitative PCR (qPCR)
  • Nucleic acid test (NAT) or Nucleic acid amplification test (NAATs)
  • Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP)
  • Isothermal amplification
  • Droplet digital PCR or digital droplet PCR (ddPCR)
  • Transcription-mediated amplification (TMA)
  • RNA (Ribonucleic acid)
  • Ct (cycle threshold)
  • CRISPR
  • Sequencing
  • Next generational sequencing (NGS) or whole genome sequencing (WGS)
  • Oxford Nanopore sequencing (LamPORE)
  • Detection of the N gene
  • Detection of Orf1a/b
  • Detection of the S gene
  • Detection of the E gene
  • Detection of the RdRp gene

These tests use methods such as a nasopharyngeal (NP) swab, nose swab, or saliva sample. At this time, proof of having a vaccine will not replace a negative test result.

Learn more about COVID-19 diagnostic tests

If you’ve already had COVID-19 and recovered

If you’ve already had COVID-19 you may continue to test positive after you’ve recovered and are no longer infectious.

If you are now symptom-free, you can provide proof of a positive COVID-19 molecular test when crossing the border, instead of a negative one.

  • The test must have been conducted at least 14 and no more than 180 days before:
    • the initial scheduled departure time of your aircraft
    • your scheduled entry into Canada by water or land
  • The proof of the positive result must be from an accepted type of molecular test

When and where to get a negative pre-entry test result

If you're flying to Canada, you must take a molecular test within 72 hours of the scheduled departure time of your flight to Canada. Airlines will refuse boarding to travellers who are unable to provide a valid molecular test result.

If you're driving or entering by water, you must take a molecular test within 72 hours of your planned entry into Canada.

For short trips that are less than 72 hours, Canadian citizens, people registered under the Indian Act, permanent residents and protected persons travelling to the United States are allowed to do their pre-entry molecular test before they leave Canada.

Providing proof of your result

When you arrive at the border, you must present an accepted test result (paper or electronic proof) that must include:

You must show proof of your test results even if you:

Keep proof of your test results with you for the 14-day period that begins on the day you enter Canada.

At this time, travellers should have their test performed at a reputable laboratory or testing facility (i.e., one recognized by the local government or accredited by a third party, such as a professional organization or international standards organization).

All travellers must:

Testing facilities and expenses

Select the country you’re coming from. Not all countries have testing facilities information available yet.

Canadian government offices abroad do not provide medical attention (including administering COVID-19 testing) or cover medical expenses for Canadian citizens abroad. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.

If you don't provide proof of a valid COVID-19 test
  • Foreign nationals without a valid molecular test or with symptoms of COVID-19 will not be allowed into Canada
  • If a Canadian citizen, person registered under the Indian Act, or permanent resident does not provide proof of a valid molecular test result they:
    • will be allowed entry, but may be subject to a fine of up to $5,000 per day or face criminal prosecution
    • may also be required to go to a designated quarantine facility if they are symptomatic on arrival at the border, or do not have a suitable quarantine plan
Fraudulent test results

All travellers arriving in Canada are obligated by Canadian law to respond truthfully to all questions. Providing false information to a Government of Canada official upon entry to Canada is a serious offence and may result in penalties and/or criminal charges. Foreign nationals who provide false information could also be denied entry to the country and/or be barred from returning to Canada.

Making a false declaration when boarding a flight to Canada, including the presentation of a fraudulent test result, carries the potential for up to $5,000 in administrative monetary penalties under the Aeronautics Act, in addition to a fine of $5,000 under the Quarantine Act, if the same false document is also presented upon entry into Canada.

Violating any instructions provided when you enter Canada or putting others at risk of a serious communicable disease are offences under the Quarantine Act and could lead to up to three years in prison and/or up to $1 million in fines.

Who doesn’t need a pre-entry test

Fully vaccinated travellers still have to provide pre-entry test results.

Find out if your travel is exempt from the pre-entry test requirement

2. Quarantine plan in case you don’t qualify for the exemption

You must be prepared to quarantine for 14 days, even if you are fully vaccinated, in case you:

A suitable quarantine plan, which includes a place you will quarantine, must be entered into ArriveCAN in case you don’t qualify for the exemption. You may be asked to explain your quarantine plan at the border.

3. Upload proof of vaccination in ArriveCAN

You must use ArriveCAN within 72 hours before your travel to enter your vaccination status and proof of vaccination, quarantine and travel information.

If you don't provide the required information in ArriveCAN before arriving at the border you won't be considered as a fully vaccinated traveller, even if you meet all the other requirements.

Exceptions

Uploading proof of your vaccination in ArriveCAN

In ArriveCAN, within 72 hours before your travel, you must provide:

Bring your original proof of vaccination with you while you travel and for 14 days after entry.

Final determination of your vaccination status will be made at the border. You must bring a digital or paper copy of your proof(s) of vaccination with you.

Travelling with mixed vaccination status or purposes of travel
  • Don’t include other travellers who are entering Canada for other purposes of travel or who are not fully vaccinated (unless they are less than 18 years old or a dependent adult) in a single submission. For example,
    • if you are a foreign national entering Canada for discretionary purposes and travelling with another person who is a Canadian citizen, you should complete individual submissions
    • if you are travelling with a group of adult foreign national with mixed vaccination statuses, do not include unvaccinated travellers in your submission; you will not be issued an ArriveCAN receipt as unvaccinated foreign national are not eligible to enter Canada for discretionary travel
Upload your proof in ArriveCAN
4. Checklist of what to have ready at the border

Have the following items with you for assessment by a government official at the border:

5. Arrival tests - randomized testing and exemptions

On your entry to Canada by air or at a land border crossing, the border services officer may notify you that you have been selected for a randomized arrival test.

If you are selected for a randomized test, you:

Completing your arrival test

Follow the directions you receive on arrival to complete your test:

Who is exempt from arrival testing

Fully vaccinated travellers are not exempt from randomized arrival testing.

Find out if your travel is exempt from arrival testing

Fines and consequences of failing to complete the testing requirements

You are under a legal obligation to take the arrival test within the required timeframe. If you don't comply, you may not be exempted from quarantine. You may also be transferred to a quarantine facility, face fines, tickets and/or imprisonment.

If you don't comply, you will receive calls from a live agent or automated system to verify your compliance.

Your arrival test results

You can travel on to your destination. You don’t need to wait for your arrival test results.

If your arrival test is negative:

If your arrival test is positive
  • Immediately contact and follow the instructions of the local public health authority where you are staying
  • Report your positive test result to the Public Health Agency of Canada by calling 1-833-641-0343
  • Keep copies of your proof of vaccination for 14 days
Invalid or indeterminate results from your arrival test

You must take another test.

  • If you completed your test using a kit: another kit should be automatically couriered to you by your testing provider.
  • If you were tested on-site at the airport: contact your testing provider to find out how to complete a follow-up test
  • If you are in Alberta: you must book a retest through the Alberta Health Services Assessment Centre

How to contact your test provider

British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Yukon

LifeLabs manages all COVID-19 testing for travellers arriving at these provinces.

Contact LifeLabs

Phone

  • Toll-free: 1-877-313-4982

Email

Alberta, Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia

Switch Health manages all COVID-19 testing for travellers with the exception of those arriving at the Calgary airport.

Contact Switch Health

Phone

  • 1-647-977-1030
  • Toll-free: 1-888-966-6531

If you haven’t received your test results, phone or email results@switchhealth.ca

If you arrived at the Calgary airport

Email Alberta Health Services at borderpilot@gov.ab.ca

Manitoba, Quebec

Dynacare manages all COVID-19 testing for travellers arriving in Manitoba and Quebec with the exception of those arriving at the Montreal airport.

Contact Dynacare

Phone

  • 1-855-497-1071

Website: Dynacare border testing

If you arrived at the Montreal airport

Contact Biron at 1-866-382-0287

Testing positive or possible exposure within 14 days of your entry to Canada

Monitor for symptoms for at least 14 days after your arrival. If you start having COVID-19 symptoms you must immediately:

You must provide proof of your test results, if asked, to any federal, provincial, territorial or municipal government official.

Troubleshooting vaccination issues in ArriveCAN

You didn’t see the vaccination questions in ArriveCAN or couldn’t upload proof

If you’ve already submitted your information and have an ArriveCAN receipt without your vaccination information (i.e., without an ‘I’ or a ‘V’ next to your name), start over in ArriveCAN before you cross the border. ArriveCAN will clear your previous submission.

Use ArriveCAN - download the mobile app or sign in online

No receipt from ArriveCAN

If ArriveCAN didn’t ask you to upload proof of vaccination, or showed a message that you are not eligible to enter Canada, there are several possible reasons:

If you’ve already submitted your information and have an ArriveCAN receipt without your vaccination information (i.e., without an ‘I’ or a ‘V’ next to your name), start over in ArriveCAN before you cross the border. ArriveCAN will clear your previous submission.

Contact ArriveCAN if you receive emails or notifications

If you qualified as a fully vaccinated traveller at the border, you should not receive further emails or notifications from ArriveCAN.

If your submission included travellers who are not exempt from the requirement to quarantine (e.g., unvaccinated 12- to 17-year-olds or unvaccinated dependent adults), you will receive ArriveCAN notifications and will be asked to complete daily reporting for the unvaccinated travellers.

If you are receiving notifications that don't reflect your situation, use the ArriveCAN contact form so that your situation can be resolved:

Contact ArriveCAN form

ArriveCAN general troubleshooting and help

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