To print the contents under the topics listed in the Health or Assistance sections, please click on the topic headings to reveal the contents.

Honduras

Last updated: ET

Still valid: ET

Latest updates: Editorial change

Risk level(s)

Honduras - Exercise a high degree of caution

Exercise a high degree of caution in Honduras due to crime.

Regional advisory - Avoid non-essential travel

Avoid non-essential travel to the following areas and departments due to instances of violent crime, increased gang activity and violent demonstrations:

  • within 20 km of the border with Guatemala with the exception of Copán Ruinas
  • within 20 km of the border with Salvador
  • in Atlántida: the city of La Ceiba
  • in Choluteca: the cities of Apacilagua, Orocuina and San Isidro
  • all Colon, with the exception of the city of Trujillo and its neighbourhoods
  • in Cortés: the eastern neighbourhoods of San Pedro Sula, including Rivera Hernandez and Chamalecón as well as the cities of Choloma and Cofradía
  • in Distrito Central: the peri-urban areas of Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela
  • in Francisco Morazan: the city of Nueva Armenia
  • in Intibucá: the city of La Esperanza
  • in Lempira: the city of Las Floresall Gracias a Dios, Olancho and Yoro

Safety and security situation

Safety and security

Crime

Violent Crime

Drug trafficking, transnational organized crime and street gang activity is prevalent in Honduras. As a result, violent crimes such as kidnapping, extortion, home invasion, robbery, sexual assault and other forms of aggravated assault occur. These crimes are carried out by criminals acting individually or as a group. A large percentage of the population in Honduras is armed. The country has one of the highest homicide rates in the world. The government of Honduras lacks sufficient resources to properly respond to, investigate and prosecute cases. As a result, criminals linked to organized crime operate with a high degree of impunity throughout Honduras.

Gracias a Dios

The department of Gracias a Dios is a remote area with high levels of criminal activity and drug trafficking. Law enforcement is limited in this area, and there is minimal access to government services.

Chamelecón, Choloma and Cofradía in the Cortés department

Murder rates in the Cortés municipalities of Chamelecón, Choloma and Cofradía are very high. Several street-level criminal groups operate in these areas.

Risk level(s)

Armed Robbery

Incidents of armed robbery occur mainly on urban streets during the day and on intercity buses at night. Guns and other weapons, such as machetes and knives, are frequently used. Although most criminals do not target tourists, some travellers have been victims of crime in major cities and in areas frequented by tourists especially at night. On Roatán Island, robbers have targeted homes and long-term leased residences. Since 2009, four Canadian citizens have been murdered in the Bay Islands.

Narcotics smuggling and violence pose threats to the security of travellers in the northern departments of Colón, Gracias a Dios and Olancho. In Colón, there have also been incidents involving roadblocks and violence related to land disputes, particularly in the Aguán valley and in the north coast area near Trujillo. Remain alert to local conditions and maintain a high level of personal security awareness in these areas.

Assault

Foreigners have been assaulted on beaches in the Bay Islands and along the Atlantic Coast, mainly at night.

Petty Crime

Petty crime, such as pickpocketing and bag snatching, occurs. Credit card skimming is also a concern.

Fraud

Credit card and ATM fraud occurs. Be cautious when using debit or credit cards:

More about overseas fraud

Borders

Exercise caution at borders, particularly the border crossing with Guatemala (Agua Caliente). There has been an increased number of migrants leaving Honduras through Guatemala. As a result of this movement, this border is subject to periodic closures.  There have also been incidents of foreigners being attacked by armed robbers after crossing the border into El Salvador.

Demonstrations and strikes

Demonstrations and strikes take place regularly and are often unexpected. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time and can sometimes lead to looting. They can also lead to lengthy disruptions to traffic and public transportation. Protesters often use petrol bombs. Police have been known to use tear gas and other tactics including live ammunition to disperse crowds.

In April of 2019, hundreds of people were evacuated from buildings in Tegucigalpa after they were set on fire during a clash between riot police and protesters. This followed a series of reforms to the country’s education and health laws.

In Tegucigalpa, demonstrations are known to target:

Demonstrations often transit along Centroamerica Boulevard, La Paz and Los Próceres avenues, and Suyapa Boulevard.

Vehicle demonstrations in Tegucigalpa generally move along the Peripheral Ring Road. In San Pedro Sula, protesters gather at the monument to the mother (Monumento a la Madre). Anti-corruption demonstrations occasionally take place on Fridays in Tegucigalpa.

The Honduran constitution prohibits political activities by foreigners.

More about mass gatherings (large-scale events)

Spiked food and drinks

Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances, as the items may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.

Cruises

The ports on Roatán Island are cruise-ship stops. Taxis can be found inside the port facilities; taxis are white and every taxi driver carries an ID card with the name of the port.

Advice for Cruise Travellers

Hitchhiking

Hitchhiking is strongly discouraged throughout Honduras.

Rental Cars

The number of traffic accidents involving tourists has increased.

Recreational activities

When planning water activities:

Rescue services may not be consistent with international standards.

Water safety abroad

Scams

Thieves pose as victims of road accidents.

Women’s safety

Women travelling alone may be subject to some forms of harassment and verbal abuse.

Safe-travel guide for women

Landmines

 Landmines pose a threat to travellers. Though no incidents have been reported since 2012, travellers should:

Road safety

Road conditions and road safety are poor throughout the country. Accidents causing fatalities are common, and drivers do not respect traffic laws. Vehicles can also be in very poor condition, with broken headlights.  Many roads are poorly delineated and not well-lit. Heavy rains, floods, landslides and bridge collapses have damaged many roads, including on Roatán Island.  

At roadblocks, verify that there is a police vehicle and green cones. At least five police officers should be present. If you have any doubts, call 911 to confirm the location of the roadblocks and the identity of the individuals stopping you before you roll down your window or open your door.

There is often heavy traffic volume in San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa.

In Roatán, avoid driving on side roads in remote areas.

Use caution between:

Public transportation

Buses

Most urban public buses are poorly maintained and erratically driven. Accidents are common. There are regular incidents of individuals boarding a bus to rob the passengers. Several buses have been intentionally set on fire since 2013. There have also been numerous shootings on public buses.

Avoid intercity public transportation due to the risk of armed robbery. If necessary, use companies that have direct, non-stop executive service from your place of departure to your destination. Never travel on intercity buses at night.

Taxis

Taxis are a reliable source for transportation.

When travelling to the airport, pre-arrange your pickup with your hotel prior to your departure. Otherwise, make sure to use authorized airport taxis whose drivers wear easily identifiable picture identification badges.

Marine transportation

Marine accidents

It can be costly to repair the damage caused by an accident, particularly if it caused environmental damage to the surrounding waters and coral reefs. It is strongly recommended that sailors hold valid travel insurance as well as updated nautical charts in order to prevent boat accidents and security issues.

Piracy

Pirate attacks and armed robbery against ships occur in the area off the northeast coast of Honduras. These are often perpetrated by criminals posing as fishermen. Mariners should take appropriate precautions.

Live piracy report - International Maritime Bureau’s Piracy Reporting Centre

Security forces

Police response to criminal incidents may be limited and delayed, and the Honduran police do not generally speak English or French.

There are tourist police forces in Tegucigalpa, Roatán, La Ceiba, Tela, Choluteca, San Lorenzo, Copán, Gracias and San Pedro Sula.

Air travel

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

General information about foreign domestic airlines

 

Entry/exit requirements

Novel coronavirus

In an attempt to limit the spread of a novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which originated in China, some governments have implemented special entry restrictions for their territory. Before travelling, verify if your destination’s local authorities have implemented any specific entry and exit restrictions related to this situation.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Outbreak update – Public Health Agency of Canada

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from the Honduran authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.

Passport

Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

Regular Canadian passport

Your passport must be valid at least 6 months from the date of entry.

Passport for official travel

Different entry rules may apply.

Official travel

Other travel documents

Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.

Useful links

Visas

Tourist visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days
Business visa: Not required for stays up to 30 days
Student visa: Required

Travellers intending to study in Honduras can apply to the immigration authorities for a student permit once they have arrived in the country.

Upon arrival, verify that your passport has been duly stamped and take note of the maximum length of your approved stay. The length of your stay is a matter of immigration authorities’ discretion; therefore you are not guaranteed a stay of 90 days. Travellers who fail to present an entry-stamped passport when departing Honduras will incur fines and possible delays.

Border crossing

A fee of US$3 or (or lempira equivalent) is charged upon arrival from any land border. It is payable at the immigration office in cash only.  Note that the “El Florido” border crossing with Guatemala in the town of Copan is closed from 9 pm to 6 am.

Central America Border Control Agreement

Under the terms of the Central America Border Control Agreement (CA-4), Canadian tourists may travel within any of the CA-4 countries (Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador) for a period of up to 90 days without applying for an extension.

Travellers who exceed the 90-day limit can expect to pay a fine. An extension of up to 30 days is permitted. You must request this extension and pay the required fee to immigration authorities before the initial 90 days expire; the decision of an extension is at the discretion of immigration authorities. Please note that the initial visa period starts at the first country of entry. Stays are cumulative and includes visits to any CA-4 countries.

Departure tax

A departure tax of approximately US$47.59 (or lempira equivalent) is usually included in the price of your plane ticket for international flights. For domestic flights, the tax is US$2 (or lempira equivalent) and is payable in cash only.

Children and travel

Dual citizens and minors born in Canada should possess a valid passport. Honduran immigration entry and exit control laws consider that a person under 21 is a minor. If the minor is traveling unaccompanied or with one parent only, a written and notarized authorization to travel from the non-travelling parent(s) (or legal guardian(s)) must be submitted. If neither parent is traveling with the minor, both parents must sign the authorization. If you are coming from Canada, the written authorization should be translated and authenticated by Honduran authorities in Canada.

More about travelling with children

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

Health

Related Travel Health Notices
Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.
Vaccines

Routine Vaccines

Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.

Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Vaccines to Consider

You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.

Influenza

Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.

Rabies

Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (e.g., are children, have an occupational risk, or in close contact with animals, including free roaming dogs in communities).

Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

Risk

  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

Recommendation

  • Vaccination is not recommended.
  • Discuss travel plans, activities, and destinations with a health care professional.
  • There is currently a shortage of the yellow fever vaccine in Canada. It is important for travellers to contact a designated Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre well in advance of their trip to ensure that the vaccine is available.

About Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre

* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

Food/Water

Food and Water-borne Diseases

Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.

In some areas in Central America and Mexico, food and water can also carry diseases like cholera, hepatitis A and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Central America and Mexico. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!

Travellers' diarrhea
  • Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
  • Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
  • The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid

Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.

Travellers visiting regions with a risk typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.


Insects

Insects and Illness

In some areas in Central America and Mexico, certain insects carry and spread diseases like American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), chikungunya, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, malaria, onchocerciasis (river blindness)West Nile virus, and Zika virus.

Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.

Chikungunya

There is currently a risk of chikungunya in this country. Chikungunya is a virus spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. Chikungunya can cause a viral disease that typically causes fever and pain in the joints. In some cases, the joint pain can be severe and last for months or years.

Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times. There is no vaccine available for chikungunya.

Dengue
  • In this country, dengue fever is a risk to travellers year-round.  It is a viral disease spread to humans by mosquito bites.
  • Dengue fever can cause severe flu-like symptoms. In some cases, it can lead to dengue haemorrhagic fever, which can be fatal.
  • The level of risk of dengue fever changes seasonally, and varies from year to year. After a decline in reported dengue cases worldwide in 2017 and 2018, global numbers have been steeply rising again.
  • Mosquitoes carrying dengue typically bite during the daytime, particularly around sunrise and sunset.
  • Protect yourself from mosquito bites. There is no vaccine or medication that protects against dengue fever.
Zika Virus

Zika virus is a risk in this country.

Zika virus is primarily spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. It can also be sexually transmitted. Zika virus can cause serious birth defects.

Pregnant women and women planning a pregnancy should visit a health care professional before travelling to discuss the potential risks of travelling to this country. Pregnant women may choose to avoid or postpone travel to this country.

Travel recommendations:

  • Prevent mosquito bites at all times.
  • If you are pregnant, always use condoms correctly or avoid sexual contact with anyone who has travelled to this country for the duration of your pregnancy.
  • Women: Wait 2 months after travel to this country or after onset of illness due to Zika virus (whichever is longer) before trying for a pregnancy. If your male partner travelled with you, wait 3 months after travel or after onset of illness due to Zika virus (whichever is longer).
  • Men: Wait 3 months after travel to this country or after onset of illness due to Zika virus (whichever is longer) before trying for a pregnancy.

For more travel recommendations, see the travel health notice: Zika virus: Advice for travellers


Malaria

Malaria


Animals

Animals and Illness

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Some infections found in Central America and Mexico, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.


Person-to-Person

Person-to-Person Infections

Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds, the flu and other illnesses.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.

HIV

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks and impairs the immune system, resulting in a chronic, progressive illness known as AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). 

High risk activities include anything which puts you in contact with blood or body fluids, such as unprotected sex and exposure to unsterilized needles for medications or other substances (for example, steroids and drugs), tattooing, body-piercing or acupuncture.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.

For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.

Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.

High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.


Medical services and facilities

Good health care is limited in availability. State funded facilities are understaffed and under-funded. There are some private hospitals in urban areas such as San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa and tourist areas such as the Bay Islands; however they are often limited and expensive. Major medical procedures and surgeries may require medical evacuation from the Bay Islands to a major centre.

Physicians and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for medical care. Credit cards are usually accepted.

Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

Travel health and safety

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

Laws and culture

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.

Drugs

Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect lengthy jail sentences and large fines.

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Honduras.

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Honduras, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.

General information for travellers with dual citizenship

Driving

You must carry an international driving permit.

Drivers involved in road accidents where another person is badly injured may be held in custody, regardless of culpability.

More about the International Driving Permit

Exports

Honduran law prohibits the export of firearms, antiques and artifacts from pre-colonial civilizations. It is also illegal to export certain birds, feathers and other flora and fauna.

Investments

If you plan on buying property, or making other investments in Honduras, seek legal advice in Canada and in Honduras. Do so before making commitments. Real estate transactions, laws and practices can be complex and differ considerably from those in Canada

Related disputes could take time and be costly to resolve. Many tourists have reported complications during a real estate transaction in Honduras.

Money

The currency is the lempira (HNL). You cannot exchange Canadian dollars in Honduras, although US dollars and travellers cheques are easily converted. It is best to travel with US dollars. A passport is required for all financial transactions; however, institutions accept a certified photocopy of the identification page. Credit cards are widely accepted.

Natural disasters and climate

Hurricane season

Hurricanes usually occur from mid-May to the end of November. During this period, even small tropical storms can quickly develop into major hurricanes.

These severe storms can put you at risk and hamper the provision of essential services.

If you decide to travel to a coastal area during the hurricane season:

Useful links

Rainy season

The rainy season extends from May to November. Seasonal flooding can hamper overland travel and reduce the provision of essential services. Roads, including major highways, may become impassable and bridges damaged.

More about hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones and monsoons

Bush and Forest Fires

Bush and forest fires are common between December and April. The air quality in areas near active fires may deteriorate due to heavy smoke. In case of a major fire:

Earthquakes and volcanoes

Honduras is located in a moderately active seismic zone. Familiarize yourself with earthquake precautionary measures. Consult the

COPECO - Honduran disaster relief agency (in Spanish)

Assistance

Local services

Emergency services

Emergency services exist but may be subject to certain limitations. In case of emergency, dial 911.

Consular assistance

Tegucigalpa - Embassy of Canada (Program Office)
Street AddressPlaza Ficohsa, 3rd Floor, Boulevard San Juan Bosco, Colonia Payaquí, Tegucigalpa, HondurasPostal AddressP.O. Box 3552, Tegucigalpa, HondurasTelephone(504) 2232-4551Fax(504) 2239-7767Emailtglpa@international.gc.ca
San José - Embassy of Canada
Street AddressLa Sabana Executive Business Centre, Building No. 5, 3rd Floor, behind the Contraloría General de la República, San José, Costa RicaPostal AddressP.O. Box 351-1007, San José, Costa RicaTelephone506 2242-4400Fax506 2242-4410Emailsjcra@international.gc.caInternetwww.costarica.gc.caServicesPassport Services AvailableFacebookEmbassy of Canada to Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras

For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Honduras, in Tegucigalpa, and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.


The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad. In the event of a large-scale emergency, every effort will be made to provide assistance. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

See Large-scale emergencies abroad for more information.

Date modified: