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Czech Republic - Take normal security precautions
Take normal security precautions in the Czech Republic.
Safety and security
Violent crime is low. Petty crime, such as pickpocketing and purse snatching, is common, particularly in Prague.
Be vigilant in and around popular tourist attractions, major hotels and the Prague main railway station (Praha hlavní nádraží), especially after dark.
Be very cautious when travelling on public transportation. Gangs of thieves target subway stations, particularly Malostranská, Můstek, Muzeum and Staromĕstská, as well as tram route 22, which runs to and from Prague Castle. Thieves may use jostling and swarming techniques to rob their victims.
Car thefts and break-ins are common, particularly in major cities. Avoid leaving luggage or valuables in the vehicle. Park in secure facilities.
Robberies occur on overnight trains. When travelling by train:
- exercise caution
- store your valuables in a safe place
- do not leave your compartment unattended
- ensure that the door is secured from the inside
Do not show signs of affluence, and ensure that personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times.
Spiked food and drinks
Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances, as the items may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.
Individuals posing as plainclothes police officers may ask to see your foreign currency and passports. Politely decline to cooperate, but offer to go to the nearest police station.
Never exchange money with vendors on the street because the risk of receiving counterfeit bills is high.
ATMs have been fitted with fraudulent card readers. To avoid being a victim of this fraud:
use ATMs located in well-lit public areas or inside a bank or businessavoid card readers with an irregular aspectcover the keypad with one hand when entering your PINcheck any unauthorized transactions on your account statements
There is a threat of terrorism in Europe. Terrorist attacks have occurred in a number of European cities. There is a potential for other violent incidents.
Targets could include:
- government buildings, including schools
- places of worship
- airports and other transportation hubs and networks
- public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners
Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places.
Demonstrations take place from time to time. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.
- Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
- Follow the instructions of local authorities
- Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations
More about mass gatherings (large-scale events)
Rural roads may be uneven, under construction or poorly marked.
Use only officially marked taxis, such as AAA Radiotaxi, Cititaxi or Profi Taxi (note that taxis marked AAA Taxi charge excessive prices) and whenever possible, call for a taxi instead of hailing one on the street.
In Prague, you can also get a taxi at stands clearly marked with “fair place taxi.” These stands are regulated by the city government.
To avoid being overcharged, obtain a price estimate in advance and ensure that the taxi driver is using the meter.
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
General information about foreign domestic airlines
In an attempt to limit the spread of a novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which originated in China, some governments have implemented special entry restrictions for their territory. Before travelling, verify if your destination’s local authorities have implemented any specific entry and exit restrictions related to this situation.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Outbreak update – Public Health Agency of Canada
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Czech authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with foreign diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.
This country is in the Schengen area. Canadian citizens do not need a visa for travel to countries within the Schengen area. However, visa-free travel only applies to stays of up to 90 days in any 180-day period. Stays are cumulative and include visits to any Schengen area country.
If you plan to stay in the Schengen area for a longer period of time, you will need a visa. You must contact the high commission or embassy of the country or countries you are travelling to and obtain the appropriate visa(s) prior to travel.
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months beyond the date you expect to leave the Schengen area.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest diplomatic mission for your destination.
A valid travel health insurance policy with minimum coverage to cover costs for hospitalization and medical treatment is required to enter the Czech Republic.
Tourist visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days
Business visa: Required
Student visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days
Work visa: Required
Customs officials may ask to see proof of pre-arranged accommodations and proof of sufficient funds for your stay.
If you are planning to stay in private accommodations for more than 3 days, you must register at the nearest Department of Foreign Police office within 3 working days of your arrival.
- More information about registration and application forms - Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic
- List of foreign police department offices - Police of the Czech Republic (in Czech)
Children and travel
Learn about travel with children.
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
- Global Measles Notice - July 23, 2019
Be sure that your routine vaccines, as per your province or territory, are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Some of these vaccines include: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health professional about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.
Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.
Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.
- Tick-borne encephalitis is present in some areas of this country.
- It is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
- It is spread to humans by the bite of infected ticks or when you consume unpasteurized milk products.
- Vaccination should be considered for those who may be exposed to ticks during outdoor activities.
- A vaccine against TBE does exist but is only available in countries where the disease is present.
- Learn more on what you can do to prevent tick-borne encephalitis (TBE)?
Yellow Fever - Country Entry Requirements
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
About Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Eastern Europe, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Eastern Europe. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
Insects and Illness
In some areas in Eastern Europe, certain insects carry and spread diseases like Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis, and West Nile virus.
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, snakes, rodents, and bats. Certain infections found in Eastern Europe, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds, the flu and other illnesses.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.
Medical services and facilities
Good medical care is widely available. However, doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws and culture
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad.
Canada and the Czech Republic are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in the Czech Republic to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and Czech authorities.
You must carry your passport at all times. Keep a photocopy of your passport in case it is lost or seized.
Dual citizenship is legally recognized in the Czech Republic.
If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of the Czech Republic, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements.
General information for travellers with dual citizenship
You must be at least 18 years old to drive in the Czech Republic. You must carry an international driving permit.
The use of cellular telephones while driving is prohibited, unless they are fitted with a hands-free device.
Headlights must be on at all times.
All vehicles must have:
- a first-aid kit
- a warning triangle
- high-visibility vests (to be carried in the passenger compartment, not the trunk) for the driver and any passenger who leaves the vehicle in case of breakdown
A road usage permit is required to travel on all major highways. You may purchase this permit, for a period of 10 days, 1 month or 1 year, at highway gas stations and border crossings. Failure to display this permit may result in fines. All rental vehicles are provided with valid motorway permits.
There is zero tolerance for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, and penalties are severe. Convicted offenders can expect heavy fines or jail sentences.
Regulations can change from one municipality to another. Always check signage and be on the lookout for zone-specific regulations.
- More about the International Driving Permit
- More about driving in the Czech Republic - European Commission
Other traffic laws
Local authorities frequently enforce traffic laws and will fine pedestrians up to 2000 Czech koruna for violations such as jaywalking, particularly in Prague’s city centre.
Trams have the right of way over pedestrians, including at pedestrian crossings. You may be fined if you cross tram lines within 15 meters of a pedestrian crossing or when crossing the street on a red light.
Tickets are required for public transport, and anyone caught riding without a valid ticket may be fined. Tickets may be purchased at newspaper kiosks, metro stations and most hotel reception desks.
The currency of the Czech Republic is the Czech koruna (CZK).
Credit cards are widely accepted.
Always exchange your currency at an exchange office or bank. The use of non-official currency exchange is illegal.
If you are carrying more than €10,000 or the equivalent in other currencies, you must make a declaration to customs upon your entry or exit to the European Union. The sum can be in cash, cheque, money order, traveller’s cheque or any other convertible asset. This does not apply if you are travelling within the European Union or in transit to a non-EU country.
More information about cash controls - European Commission
Natural disasters and climate
Heavy rains are frequent in summer and sometimes resulting in local flooding. Exercise caution, monitor local media and follow the advice of local authorities.
Dial 112 for emergency assistance.
A police station that specializes in assistance to foreign victims of crime is located at 9 Jungmannovo namesti, 110 01 Prague, near the Můstek metro station.
Prague - Embassy of Canada
For emergency consular assistance, call the embassy of Canada in Prague and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad. In the event of a large-scale emergency, every effort will be made to provide assistance. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
See Large-scale emergencies abroad for more information.
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