Travel health notices

DateTravel health noticesLocationLevel
Apr 21, 2015 Avian Influenza (H5N1): Global UpdateGlobal Level 1
Oct 21, 2015 Polio: Global UpdateGlobal Level 1
Jul 16, 2015 Measles: Global UpdateGlobal Level 1
Aug 25, 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)Algeria, Austria, China, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Malaysia, the Middle East, the Netherlands, the Philippines, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Tunisia, United Kingdom, United States Level 1
Sep 28, 2015 Cholera in Cuba, Dominican Republic and HaitiCuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti Level 1
Feb 12, 2015 Avian influenza (H7N9 and others) in ChinaChina Level 1
Sep 28, 2015 Chikungunya: Global UpdateThe Caribbean, Central and South America, Mexico and the Ocean Pacific Islands Level 1
Jan 21, 2016 WHO temporary polio vaccine recommendationsAfghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria, Guinea, Madagascar, Ukraine, and Laos Level 2
Dec 29, 2015 Ebola virus disease in GuineaGuinea Level 2
Dec 29, 2015 Ebola virus disease in LiberiaLiberia Level 1
Dec 29, 2015 Ebola virus disease in Sierra LeoneSierra Leone Level 1
Jul 15, 2015 Earthquake in NepalDistricts in Nepal affected by the earthquake Level 3
May 26, 2015 Meningococcal disease in NigerNiger Level 1
Feb 03, 2016 Zika virus infection in the AmericasBarbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Suriname, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela Level 2
Aug 13, 2015 The Hajj 2015 and UmrahSaudi Arabia Level 1
Dec 16, 2015 Cholera in TanzaniaTanzania Level 1

Levels of risk

Conditions in other countries may be different from those in Canada and may affect the health of Canadian travellers. For example:

  • standards of hygiene and sanitation may be different
  • safe food and clean water may be unavailable
  • climate or environmental conditions may support certain diseases that do not (or rarely) occur in Canada

The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) actively seeks to identify and evaluate information about new, unusual or rapidly evolving health risks. When necessary, PHAC releases Travel Health Notices outlining the potential risks to Canadian travellers and to the Canadian public, and recommends measures that can be taken to help reduce these risks.

Level 1 - Practise usual precautions

Travel health notices advise practising usual travel health precautions. For example, notices at this level may remind travellers about routine vaccinations, highlight the importance of hand washing, or recommend protective measures to avoid mosquito bites.

Level 2 - Practise special precautions

Travel health notices recommend that travellers practise special health precautions, such as receiving additional vaccinations. A notice at this level would be issued if there is an outbreak in a limited geographic location, a newly identified disease in the region or a change in the existing pattern of disease.

Level 3 - Avoid non-essential travel

Travel health notices include a warning to avoid non-essential travel in order to protect the health of Canadian travellers and the Canadian public. The notice outlines specific precautions to take when visiting the region and what to do if you become ill during or after travel. A notice at this level would be issued during a large-scale outbreak in a large geographic area, or if there is increased risk to the traveller and an increased risk of spreading disease to other groups including the Canadian public.

Level 4 - Avoid all travel

Advises travellers to avoid all travel in order to protect the health of the Canadian public. A notice at this level would be issued if there is a high risk of spread of disease to the general public regardless of measures taken while travelling. Avoiding travel will limit the spread of the disease in Canada and internationally.

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