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TUNISIA - Exercise a high degree of caution
There is no nationwide advisory in effect for Tunisia. However, you should exercise a high degree of caution due to the risk of civil unrest and the heightened threat of terrorism in the region.
Regional AdvisoryForeign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada advises against all travel to:
- the Chaambi Mountain National Park area, including to the town of Kasserine, due to ongoing operations of the Tunisian Security Forces;
- to areas of the governorate of Tatouine south of Dehiba and El Borma, which is a militarized zone.
Regional AdvisoryForeign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada advises against non-essential travel to:
- the Algerian border governorates of Kasserine (except for the town of Kasserine, where we advise against all travel), Kef and Jendouba;
- to Tunisia’s Greater South in all areas south of, and including, the towns of Nefta, Douz, Médenine and Zarzis, including the proximate border areas with Libya and Algeria. (except for areas of the governorate of Tatouine south of Dehiba and El Borma, where we advise against all travel).
The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice. In the event of a crisis situation that requires evacuation, the Government of Canada’s policy is to provide safe transportation to the closest safe location. The Government of Canada will assist you in leaving a country or a region as a last resort, when all means of commercial or personal transportation have been exhausted. This service is provided on a cost-recovery basis. Onward travel is at your personal expense. Situations vary from one location to another, and there may be constraints on government resources that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide assistance, particularly in countries or regions where the potential for violent conflict or political instability is high.
Mount Chaambi National Park and Tunisia’s Greater South (see Advisory)
There is an increased threat of kidnapping and terrorism in the area of the Mount Chaambi National Park. Military operations against suspected terrorists have been ongoing in the regions of Kef, Jendouba and Kasserine, including Mount Chaambi, since the end of April 2013. The use of improvised explosive device has been reported in these areas.
Exercise a high degree of caution when travelling the Goubellat-Dougga region in the governorate of Beja.
You must inform the authorities if you plan to travel overland through the Sahara, and give a copy of your itinerary, including your point of departure, to the National Guard Post at Médenine. Such travel should be undertaken in a group accompanied by an experienced tour guide, a car equipped with features such as a global positioning system and adequate supplies. Due to the intense heat, travel in the Sahara during the months of July and August is not recommended.
Exercise a high degree of caution, regularly review your security practices and remain alert to the changing situation.
Terrorism and kidnapping
On September 21, 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) released a statement threatening retaliation for the American -led coalition campaign against ISIL in Iraq and Syria. The statement encouraged opportunistic and indiscriminate attacks against citizens and interests of countries supporting the coalition, including Canadians. Individuals and terrorist groups in the region may be inspired to carry out attacks in a show of solidarity with ISIL. Canadians could also be targeted by a terrorist attack and be considered prime kidnapping targets. Exercise a high degree of personal security awareness at all times, maintain a heightened level of vigilance and be aware of your surroundings at all times.
There is a general threat of terrorism and kidnapping in Tunisia. Terrorist activity has increased, and public sites frequented by large crowds, particularly foreigners, such as hotels, shopping centers, tourist sites and restaurants, could be targeted. You should be particularly cautious in these areas. Attacks could be indiscriminate. Maintain a high level of vigilance at all times.
In the past year, a number of suspected terrorists and arms traffickers have been captured in various regions of the country, including the capital Tunis, indicating that extremist elements are present and that the instability in Libya and elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa continues to pose a general threat to the security of foreigners, religious sites, foreign institutions and tourist facilities. On March 18, 2015, an attack on the the Bardo National Museum left more than 20 dead, including many foreign tourists. On June 26, an attack in the coastal town of Sousse, caused at least 27 deaths and many more injuries, mostly foreigners.
Given the threat of terrorism and kidnapping, exercise increased caution, including near tourist facilities, and particularly in the Greater South (in all areas south of, and including, the towns of Nefta, Douz, Médenine and Zarzis), in areas near the border with Libya and Algeria, the Mount Chaambi National Park including the regions of Le Kef, Jendouba and Beja (see regional advisory). Regularly review your security practices and remain alert to the changing situation.
Tunisia is facing an increased risk of potentially violent demonstrations. Public order is regularly disrupted for various reasons, including political, social and economic tensions. These disruptions take the form of public protests, labour strikes, roadblocks and other disturbances that on many occasions have deteriorated into violent clashes between members of extremist movements, the police and/or civil society demonstrators, resulting in considerable property damage, injuries and deaths. There have been reports of members of extremist movements harassing foreigners.
Exercise a high degree of caution, regularly review your security practices and remain alert to the changing situation, follow the advice of local authorities, avoid all confrontations, public gatherings and areas where unrest or other demonstrations could occur, since the situation could deteriorate suddenly.
Reports of petty crime, including theft, pickpocketing, purse snatching and scams, are much more frequent since the revolution. Watch out for pickpockets in public places and tourist areas. Ensure personal belongings are secure and carry photocopies of identification documents and your passport at all times. Store originals in a safe place.
Women travelling alone may be subject to certain forms of harassment and verbal abuse. Please consult our publication entitled Her Own Way: A Woman’s Guide to Safe and Successful Travel for safe travel advice specifically for women.
Cases of young Tunisian men pursuing marriage with older Canadian women for financial gain or in order to gain entry to Canada have been reported in coastal resorts. See our Overseas Fraud page for more information on scams abroad.
Carefully plan any travel in the southern regions of Tunisia and along the Libyan and Algerian borders, as regional tensions increase the risk of terrorism or exposure to other disturbances.
Remain vigilant because of the risk of crime, political demonstrations and road blocks in these regions, which have led to confrontations.
While the borders with Algeria and Libya are open, they may close on short notice. Consult local authorities for the latest security information. We strongly encourage you to register through the Registration of Canadians Abroad service, monitor local news reports, stay well informed and consult the Travel Advice for these two countries prior to departure.
Driving can be dangerous, particularly after dark. Traffic signs and signals are routinely ignored. Be especially cautious as cars rarely stop at pedestrian crosswalks or stoplights. Motorists sometimes drive on the wrong side of the road and ignore priority lanes. Bicycles, mopeds and motorcycles often operate without sufficient lights and reflectors, and regularly dart in and out of traffic. Pedestrians compound the problem by dodging traffic and ignoring vehicles. Police officers frequently stop cars for inspection, especially rental cars.
Taxis are available but may be scarce in major cities at peak hours.
Buses are crowded.
Rail service is generally safe, fast and efficient. Petty crime occurs on city and inter-city trains. Be extremely cautious with your belongings at all times.
The Government of Canada does not provide information on the safety of foreign domestic airlines. Research foreign domestic airlines, aircraft and government safety supervision if you have concerns about aviation safety standards abroad.
Avoid the crowds that can form at soccer matches as such events have sometimes led to incidents of violence.
General safety information
Despite the ongoing political transition, the security situation remains fragile. There has been a notable increase in the number of violent acts committed by extremists since early 2013. Although these excesses are widely condemned by the authorities, enforcing the law does not always seem possible, which makes it difficult at times to restore order.
You should be accompanied by a guide on your travels or use a guide to help plan your travel.
It is the sole prerogative of each country or region to determine who is allowed to enter. Canadian consular officials cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet entry requirements. The following information on entry and exit requirements has been obtained from the Tunisian authorities. However, these requirements are subject to change at any time. It is your responsibility to check with the Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia and its consulates for up-to-date information.
Official (special and diplomatic) passport holders must consult the Official Travel page, as they may be subject to different entry requirements.
Canadians must present a passport to visit Tunisia, which must be valid for at least three months beyond the date of expected departure from that country. Prior to travelling, ask your transportation company about its requirements related to passport validity, which may be more stringent than the country's entry rules.
Tourist visa: Not required
Business visa: Not required
Student visa: Not required
Canadians who intend to stay in Tunisia for more than three months should contact the Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia in Ottawa for information about visa, work permit or temporary resident status regulations prior to their departure. In Tunisia, you must report to the police station or the Ministry of the Interior.
Tunisian authorities expect Canadians with Tunisian citizenship to enter Tunisia on their Tunisian passports. If Canadians with Tunisian citizenship are able to enter on a Canadian passport, it is likely that they will be required to obtain a Tunisian passport before exiting the country. Dual citizens have been questioned and detained.
Travellers departing Tunisia are required to pay a 30-dinar (approximately C$20) exit tax. The exit tax can be paid at exchange or banking offices in Tunisia, including at the airport. A fiscal stamp will be attached to the passport as proof of payment.
Children and travel
Children need special documentation to visit certain countries. See Children for more information.
See Health to obtain information on this country’s vaccination requirements.
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Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread through contaminated food and water or contact with an infected person. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world. Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Rabies is a deadly illness spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from an infected animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (i.e., close contact with animals, occupational risk, and children).
Yellow Fever Vaccination
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
|* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.|
|Country Entry Requirement*|
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in North Africa, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in North Africa. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among pediatric travellers, travellers going to rural areas, visiting friends and relatives or travelling for a long period of time. Travellers at high risk visiting regions with typhoid risk, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should speak to a health care provider about vaccination.
Insects and Illness
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in North Africa, like avian influenza and rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Medical services and facilities
Medical facilities are generally good in major centres, but are usually very limited or unavailable in rural areas. Physicians and hospitals often require a deposit or upfront cash payment for medical care. Some clinics may accept private insurance coverage if they have a guarantee of payment from the insurance provider.
Medical evacuation services are available. A decompression chamber is available at the naval base in Bizerte (60 km from Tunis).
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws & culture
Laws & culture
You are subject to local laws. See Arrest and detention for more information.
Possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs may result in jail sentences and heavy fines.
Religious proselytizing is not permitted.
Homosexual activity is illegal.
Both valid Canadian driver’s licences and international driving permits are accepted in Tunisia.
Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Tunisia. If local authorities consider you a Tunisian citizen, they may refuse to grant you access to Canadian consular services, thereby preventing Canadian consular officials from providing you with those services. You should travel using your Canadian passport and present yourself as Canadian to foreign authorities at all times to minimize this risk. Citizenship is determined solely by national laws, and the decision to recognize dual citizenship rests completely with the country in which you are located when seeking consular assistance. See Travelling as a dual citizen for more information.
A child born of a Tunisian mother or father may be considered a Tunisian national by Tunisian authorities, regardless of the place of birth or whether the child has acquired citizenship of another country.
Strict regulations may be enforced on the temporary import and export of firearms, religious material, antiquities, medications and business equipment. Contact the Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia for specific information regarding customs requirements.
The majority of the population is Muslim. Dress conservatively and respect religious and social traditions to avoid offending local sensitivities.
During the lunar month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim calendar), use discretion when drinking, eating, and smoking in public between sunrise and sunset. Ramadan is expected to begin on or around June 6, 2016.
Taking photographs of military installations, government buildings and embassies is strongly discouraged. Ask permission before photographing individuals.
The currency is the Tunisian dinar (TND).
Automated banking machines are widely available in tourist areas and can be found in all major centres. Credit cards are accepted at many establishments in urban and tourist areas. Banks and other establishments could refuse to cash traveller’s cheques if they are not accompanied by original proof of purchase (the purchase contract).
You must declare all foreign currency upon arrival in Tunisia and retain this declaration. Tourists are expected to make foreign exchange transactions at authorized banks or dealers and to retain receipts for dinars obtained. Prior to departure from Tunisia, you may convert a maximum of 3,000 TND into another currency, but must provide proof of purchase (customs declaration or proof of purchase abroad). Tunisian law prohibits the import and export of Tunisian dinars.
Natural disasters & climate
Natural disasters & climate
The Sahara can be very hot, especially in the summer, with temperatures well above 40°C. Dust storms and sand storms frequently occur.
Although Tunisia is not in a high-risk earthquake zone, low seismic activity can occasionally occur. In winter, roads can be blocked by downpours.
Tunis - Embassy of Canada
For emergency assistance, call the Embassy of Canada in Tunis and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre located in Ottawa.
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