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Greenland - Exercise normal security precautions
There is no advisory in effect for Greenland. Exercise normal security precautions.
The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The purpose of this Travel Advice is to provide up-to-date information to enable you to make well-informed decisions.
The crime rate is low. There are no serious security or safety concerns.
Arctic weather conditions may cause delays and interruptions in transport services. Travellers should carry enough funds to cover unexpected expenses.
There are no roads or railways between towns. Travel is possible only by air, sea, ski, snowmobile, or dogsled.
Air Greenland operates regular domestic flights between all towns and larger settlements. Consult our Transportation Safety page in order to verify if national airlines meet safety standards.
Tourism and expeditions
Tourist facilities are limited. Main tourist centres are located in Ilulissat, Disko Bay, and southern Greenland.
You must apply for a special permit at the Ministry of Domestic Affairs, Nature and Environment of Greenland to explore glaciers, mountains or Northeast Greenland National Park. Travelling with a tour operator is recommended.
General Safety Measures
Exercise normal safety precautions. Ensure personal belongings, passports and other travel documents are secure at all time.
It is the sole prerogative of each country or region to determine who is allowed to enter. Canadian consular officials cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet entry requirements. The following information on entry and exit requirements has been obtained from the Danish authorities. However, these requirements are subject to change at any time. It is the traveller’s responsibility to check with the Royal Danish Embassy and its consulates, for up-to-date information.
Official (special and diplomatic) passport holders must consult the Official Travel page, as they may be subject to different entry requirements.
Canadians must present a passport to visit Greenland, which must be valid for at least three months beyond the date of expected departure from that country and have at least two blank pages. Before you leave, ask your transportation company about its requirements related to passport validity, which may be more stringent than the country's entry rules.
Tourist visa: Not required for stays up to 90 days
Children and travel
Children need special documentation to visit certain countries. Please consult our Children page for more information.
Some countries require proof of yellow fever vaccination before allowing entry. Consult the World Health Organization’s country list to obtain information on this country’s requirements.
- Measles: Global Update - November 14, 2014 14:02 EST
Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is common in most parts of the world. Be sure your measles vaccination is up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Yellow Fever Vaccination
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
|* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.|
|Country Entry Requirement*|
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Greenland. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
Insects and Illness
In some areas in Greenland, certain insects carry and spread diseases.
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is currently an outbreak of chikungunya in this country. Chikungunya is a viral disease spread through the bite of an infected mosquito that typically causes fever and pain in the joints. Protect yourself from mosquito bites, particularly around sunrise and sunset. There is no vaccine available for chikungunya.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with domestic and wild animals as certain infections found in Greenland, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.
For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.
Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care provider.
High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws & culture
Laws & culture
You are subject to local laws. Consult our Arrest and Detention page for more information.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are strict. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences or heavy fines.
You must be at least 18 years of age to drive a car in Greenland.
An International Driving Permit is recommended.
Penalties for drinking and driving, as well as for speeding, are strict.
The use of mobile telephones while driving is illegal, unless fitted with a hands-free device.
The currency of Greenland is the Danish krone (DKK).
Natural disasters & climate
Natural disasters & climate
The climate is extreme, especially during winter, with severe cold weather.
Nuuk - Consulate of Canada
Copenhagen - Embassy of Canada
For emergency assistance after hours, call the Embassy of Canada in Copenhagen, Denmark, and follow the instructions. You may also make a collect call to the the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa at 613-996-8885.
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