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ARMENIA - Exercise a high degree of cautionThere is no nationwide advisory in effect for Armenia. Exercise a high degree of caution due to occasional demonstrations and protests.
Regional Advisory for Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areasForeign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada advises against non-essential travel to Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding areas due to tensions resulting from the political situation and military presence. Consult the Security tab for more information.
The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice. In the event of a crisis situation that requires evacuation, the Government of Canada’s policy is to provide safe transportation to the closest safe location. The Government of Canada will assist you in leaving a country or a region as a last resort, when all means of commercial or personal transportation have been exhausted. This service is provided on a cost-recovery basis. Onward travel is at your personal expense. Situations vary from one location to another, and there may be constraints on government resources that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide assistance, particularly in countries or regions where the potential for violent conflict or political instability is high.
Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas (see Advisory)
The border with Azerbaijan, including the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan, is closed. A ceasefire has been in effect since May, 1994. However, armed clashes and gunfire along a 5-km buffer zone of the border and ceasefire line may occur sporadically. There are numerous landmines surrounding the conflict zones with Nagorno-Karabakh.
Pickpocketing, mugging, and theft from cars and homes occur. Do not show signs of affluence.
Demonstrations occur and have the potential to suddenly turn violent. They can lead to significant disruptions to traffic and public transportation. Presidential elections took place on February 18, 2013. Related demonstrations and violence could occur. Avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings, follow the advice of local authorities and monitor local media.
Exercise a high degree of caution in the land border areas. The land border with Azerbaijan is closed. The land border with Turkey is also closed, although there are regular flights between Yerevan and Istanbul.
Public transportation networks are overcrowded and poorly maintained.
Pedestrians may not have the right of way.
Minibuses are often involved in accidents.
Some roads outside Yerevan are poorly maintained. Do not travel after dark. Poor driving standards, inadequate road signs and poor road conditions make travelling hazardous. Police may set up roadblocks to search vehicles. Winter travel can be extremely hazardous at higher elevations.
Train service is unreliable. Exercise caution when travelling by train. Store personal belongings and documents in a safe place, do not leave the compartment unattended and lock the door from the inside.
Consult our Transportation Safety page in order to verify if national airlines meet safety standards.
General safety information
Identity checks are frequently conducted by Armenian authorities. Carry a photocopy of your passport and leave another one with a relative or a friend at home. Keep passports and valuables in a safe.
Arrange to be met at the airport.
Dial 101 for the fire department, 102 for the police and 103 for ambulance services.
It is the sole prerogative of each country or region to determine who is allowed to enter. The following information on entry and exit requirements has been obtained from the Armenian authorities. However, these requirements are subject to change at any time. It is the traveller's responsibility to check with the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia for up-to-date information.
Official (special and diplomatic) passport holders must consult the Official Travel page, as they may be subject to different entry requirements.
Canadians must present a passport to visit Armenia. The passport must be valid for at least six months beyond the date of your expected departure from Armenia.
Canadians must be in possession of a visa to visit Armenia.
Transit visa: Required (for stays up to three days)
Visitor visa: Required (for stays up to 120 days)
Official visa: Required
Although visas can be obtained at major ports of entry, you should obtain your visa from the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Canada before departure to avoid the possibility of being refused entry or experiencing lengthy delays upon arrival. Armenian visa applications may also be submitted online through the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
Children and travel
Children need special documentation to visit certain countries. Please consult our Children page for more information.
- Measles: Global Update - January 28, 2014 19:56
Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
Vaccines to Consider
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread by contaminated food or water. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or through personal contact with unwashed hands. Get the flu shot.
Measles occurs worldwide but is a common disease in developing countries, particularly in parts of Africa and Asia. Measles is a highly contagious disease. Be sure your vaccination against measles is up-to-date regardless of the travel destination.
Rabies is a disease that attacks the central nervous system spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from a rabid animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (i.e., close contact with animals, occupational risk, and children).
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among travellers going to rural areas, visiting friends and relatives, or with weakened immune systems. Travellers visiting regions with typhoid risk, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should consider getting vaccinated.
Yellow Fever Vaccination
Yellow fever is a disease caused by the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
|* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.|
|Country Entry Requirement*|
Food and Water-borne Diseases
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Western Asia, food and water can also carry diseases like cholera, hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Western Asia. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
- Risk of developing travellers’ diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.
- The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.
Insects and Illness
In some areas in Western Asia, certain insects carry and spread diseases like chikungunya, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, malaria, Rift Valley fever, and West Nile virus.
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Animals and Illness
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Certain infections found in some areas in Western Asia, like avian influenza and rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
Laws & Culture
Laws & Culture
You are subject to local laws. Consult our Arrest and Detention page for more information.
Homosexual activity is legal but is not widely accepted in Armenian society.
Possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs may result in jail sentences and heavy fines.
There is zero tolerance for drinking and driving.
Photography of military installations or government buildings may result in a penalty. Seek permission from local authorities before taking photographs.
The export of cultural items may be subject to regulations.
An International Driving Permit (IDP) is recommended.
Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Armenia, however, Armenian citizenship takes precedence. Therefore, Canadian officials may be limited in their ability to provide consular services to Canadian-Armenian citizens.
Canadians with Armenian citizenship may also be subject to national obligations, such as taxes and military service. Check your status with the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Canada. Dual nationals who try to avoid the compulsory military service may be detained for draft evasion and may face hefty fines or imprisonment.
Please see our publication entitled Dual Citizenship: What You Need to Know for more information.
The currency is the Armenian dram (AMD). The economy is primarily cash-based. U.S. dollars and credit cards are generally accepted when paying for hotel accommodation. There are no limitations on exchange of foreign currency. However, amounts exceeding US$10,000 must be declared at border crossings. Some banks, including HSBC, may not accept a foreign bank card at automated banking machines, but withdrawals can be made at the counter with passport identification.
Natural Disasters & Climate
Natural Disasters & Climate
Armenia is located in an active seismic zone.
Landslides can occur.
Yerevan - Consulate of Canada
Moscow - Embassy of Canada
For emergency assistance after hours, call the Embassy of Canada in Moscow and follow the instructions. You may also call the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa at 613-996-8885.
It is not possible to make collect calls from Armenia. However, pay phones can be used for international calls. Phone cards are available at newsstands and retail outlets. Most post offices have international telephone facilities. Cabins are equipped with a meter, and payment is made after the call. Internet telephones are now available at Internet cafés.